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Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material

Print version ISSN 0101-4714On-line version ISSN 1982-0267

An. mus. paul. vol.5 no.1 São Paulo  1997

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-47141997000100002 

ESTUDOS DE CULTURA MATERIAL

 

A História da Alimentação: balizas historiográficas

 

Food History: historiographical landmarks

 

 

Ulpiano T.Bezerra de MenesesI; Henrique CarneiroII

IDepartamento de História - FFLCH/USP
IIDoutor em História Social / USP

 

 


RESUMO

Os M. pretenderam traçar um quadro da História da Alimentação, não como um novo ramo epistemológico da disciplina, mas como um campo em desenvolvimento de práticas e atividades especializadas, incluindo pesquisa, formação, publicações, associações, encontros acadêmicos, etc.
Um breve relato das condições em que tal campo se assentou faz-se preceder de um panorama dos estudos de alimentação e temas correia tos, em geral, segundo cinco abardagens Ia biológica, a econômica, a social, a cultural e a filosófica!, assim como da identificação das contribuições mais relevantes da Antropologia, Arqueologia, Sociologia e Geografia. A fim de comentar a multiforme e volumosa bibliografia histórica, foi ela organizada segundo critérios morfológicos. A seguir, alguns tópicos importantes mereceram tratamento à parte: a fome, o alimento e o domínio religioso, as descobertas européias e a difusão mundial de alimentos, gosto e gastronomia. O artigo se encerra com um rápido balanço crítico da historiografia brasileira sobre o tema.

Unitermos: Alimemação. História da Alimentação. Estudos de alimentação: Brasil.


ABSTRACT

The M. intended to draw a piclure of Food History, not as a new epistemological branch of the discipline, but as an ever growing field of specialized practices and aclivities, including research, education, publications, pcademic meetings and societies, etc. A short account of the conditions on which such a field was grounded is preceaed by a portrayal of the study of food and foodways in general, according to five approaches (biological, economic, social, cultural and philosopbical onesl as well as by the recognition of the main contributions brought forth by Anthropology, Archaeology, Sociology and Geography. In order to allow analytical comments, the multifarious and bulky historical bibliography has been organized according to morphological traits. A few important topics are then discussed separately: hunger and famine, food and the religious domain, European discoveries and the worldwide circulation of foods, taste and gastronomy.The article draws to a close with a short critica I survey of Brazilian hisloriography on food.

Uniterms: Food. Food History. Historiography. Food sludies: Brazil.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

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