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vol.2 issue7Caracterização bio-acústica da população topotípica de Hyla rubicundula (Amphibia, Anura)Myrmeciza and related antbirds (Aves, Formicariidae) as army ant followers author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.2 no.7 Curitiba  1984

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751984000300003 

Cercomacra and related antbirds (Aves, Formicariidae) as army ant followers

 

 

Edwin O. Willis

Department of Biology, University of Miami. Coral Gables, Florida 33124, U.S.A., and Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - UNESP, Caixa Postal 178, 13500 Rio Claro, S. Paulo

 

 


ABSTRACT

Cercomacra and Schistocichla antbirds (Formicariidae) favor dense foliage and seldom follow army ants for flushed prey, since the ants move through open forest understory as well as through dense zones. Two other lineages, the Drymophila-Hypocnemis lineage (of dense woodland understory) and the Formicivora lineage (of dense bushes in dry or semiopen zones), also cannot follow ants regularly through open forest understory.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Studies were supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (especially GB-32921), the Chapman Memorial Fund of the American Museum of Natural History, and the National Geographic Society. I appreciate also the help of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, and the Agronomic Institute and Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi at Belém. Douglas Wechsler helped with observations at Manaus, and Yoshika Oniki helped in many ways.

 

REFERENCES

Oniki, Y., 1972. Studies of the guild of ant-following birds at Belém, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 2: 59-79.         [ Links ]

Oniki, Y. & E. O. Willis, 1972. Studies of ant-following birds north of the eastern Amazon. Ibidem 2: 127-151.

Wiley, R. H., 1971. Cooperative relationships in mixed flocks of antwrens (Formicariidae). Auk 88: 881-892.         [ Links ]

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