Services on Demand
Print version ISSN 0101-8175
Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.11 no.4 Curitiba 1994
Estudo comparado do desenvolvimento pós-embrionário de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae) em duas dietas à base de carne, em laboratório
Comparative studyy of post-embryonic development of Cochliomyia macellaria(Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae) under two meat diets, in laboratory
Sandra L. da Cunha e SilvaI; Eliane M. Milward-de-AzevedoII
IDepartamento de Estudos Básicos e Instrumentais, Campus de Itapetinga, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, 45700-000 Itapetinga, Bahia, Brasil
IIParasitologia, Departamento de Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, 23851-970 Itaguaí, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
The influence of a diet based on putrid horse meat over the post-embryonic development of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775) under controlled conditions (UR 65 10% and 14 hours of photophase) was compared with the results obtained using a meat broth diet to which other sources of animal and vegetable protein were added. The flies were maintained at 30ºC, from egg until mature larvae spontaneously abandoned the diet. They were then transfered to a climatized chamber at 27ºC. The larvae and pupae viability and the weight of the mature larvae were significantly inferior, when a diet based on meat broth was used, even though the larvae period was significantly increased with this diet. This type of diet did not charge the time of development of the pupae. The inoculation of the egg mass directly over the diet was recommend, instead of the technique in which the egg masses are transfered to humid filter paper, followed by the handling of the recently ecloded larvae.
Key words: Insecta, blowfly diet, biology, blowfly
Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.
Full text available only in PDF format.
Brust, M. & G. Fraenkel. 1955. The nutritional requirements of the larvae of a blowfly, Phormia regina (Meig.). Physiol. Zool. 28: 186-204. [ Links ]
Cunha-E-Silva, S.L. 1990. Aspectos da biologia de Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Diptera, Calliphoridae), sob condições de laboratório. Tese de mestrado, não publicada, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Itaguaí, 90p. [ Links ]
Dadd, R.H.; I. Gomez & M. Nambe. 1973. Requirement for ribonucleic acid in a semi-synthetic larval diet for the mosquito Culex pipiens. J. Med. Ent. 10 (1): 47-52. [ Links ]
Gingrich, R.E; A.J. Grahan & B.G. Hightower. 1971. Media containing liquefied nutrients for mass-rearing larvae of the screw-worm. J. Econ. Entomol. 64 (3): 678-683. [ Links ]
Hanski, I. 1987. Nutritional ecology of dung and carrion feeding insects. In: Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mits, Spiders and Related Invertebrates. An: Overview. New York, 1016p. [ Links ]
Hightower, B.G.; G.E. Spates Jr. & J.J. Garcia. 1972. Growth and critical size at pupation for larvae of the screwworm developing in fresh wouds. J. Econ. Entomol. 65 (5): 1349-1352. [ Links ]
Hobson, R.P. 1935. CLVI on a fat soluble growth tacto required by blow-fly larvae. I. Distribution and properties. Biochem. J. 29: 1292-1296. [ Links ]
House, H.L. 1972. Insect nutritional. In: Biology of Nutrition. Pergamon Press, 18: 513-573. [ Links ]
Kadner, C.G. & F.M. La Fleur. 1951. The vitamin requirements of Phaenicea sericata (Meigen) larvae (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Wasmann Journ. Biology 9 (2): 129-136. [ Links ]
Melvin, R. & R.C. Bushland. 1938. The nutritional requirement of screwworm larvae. J. Econ. Entomol. 33 (6): 850-852. [ Links ]
Singh, P. 1977. Artificial diets for insects, mites and spiders. New York, Plenum Press, 594p. [ Links ]
Singh, P. & R.P. Moore. 1985. Handbook of Insect Rearing. Elservier Scince Publishers B.V., Vol. II, 514p. [ Links ]
Stoffolano Jr., J.G. 1973. Influence of diapause and diet on the development of the gonads and accessory reproductive. Can. J. Zool. 52: 981-988. [ Links ]
Vail, P.V.; T.J. Henneberry; A.N. Vishaba & K.Y. Arakawa. 1968. Sodium hypochlorite and formalin as antiviral agents against nuclear - polyhedrosis virus in larvae of the Cabbage looper. J. Invert. Pathology 10: 84-93. [ Links ]
Recebido em 15.III.1994; aceito em 11.X.1994.