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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.12 no.3 Curitiba Sept. 1995 

Treehoppers (Homoptera, Membracidae) in southeastern Brazil: use of host plants



Benedito C. Lopes

Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Caixa Postal 476, 88040-900 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil




A survey on the use of host plants by treehoppers in plants in cerrado (savanna) vegetation at Moji-Guaçu (São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil) was made. Fifty-two species of treehoppers were recorded in association with 40 host plant species from October 1980 to February 1982. The families Araliaceae, Asteraceae, Leguminosae, Malpighiaceae, Myrtaceae and Nyctaginaceae were the most commonly used for oviposition. Byrsonima intermedia A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae) had the highest number of associated treehopper species (10 species). The abundance of treehopper individuals was related to the hot and rainy season (from October to February), while during the cold and dry season (from March to September) there was a decrease in the number of these Homoptera. After the occurrence of a frost, few adults and nymphs were observed on the host plants for one to two months.

Key words: Homoptera, Membracidae, treehoppers, savanna, Brazil



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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. I am grateful to W.W. Benson for orientation and helpful comments on the manuscript. The staff of the Departamento de Botânica. Institute de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) and D.B. Falkenherg identified some of the plants. A.M. Sakakihara and R. Corbelta of the Departamento de Zoologia. Universidade Federal do Paraná identified the treehoppers. T.K. Wood and two anonymous reviewers made suggestions on the manuscript. Financial support was provided by grants from the CNPq and CAPES. This work is part of my Master's Thesis at the Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia. Instituto tie Biologia. UNICAMP.



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Recebido em 25.III.1995; aceito em 06.X.1995.

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