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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.16 no.3 Curitiba  1999

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751999000300012 

Morcegos cavernícolas da região do Distrito Federal, centro-oeste do Brasil (Mammalia, Chiroptera)

 

Cave bats from the Distrito Federal area in Mid-Western Brazil (Mammalia, Chiroptera)

 

 

Angelika BredtI; Wilson UiedaII; Edvard Dias MagalhãesIII

IGerência de Controle de Zoonoses, Instituto de Saúde do Distrito Federal. 70620-000 Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil
IIDepartamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista. 18618-000 Botucatu, São Paulo, Brasil
IIIEspeleo Grupo de Brasília. Caixa Postal 468, 70359-970 Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil

 

 


ABSTRACT

Between 1989 and 1995, twenty caves in the Distrito Federal area in mid-western Brazil were assessed for bat species richness, frequency, spatial distribution, behavior, reproduction and inter-specific cohabitation. The general state of conservation of the caves was also assessed. Of the 20 caves studied, 12 were less than 100 m long, five between 100 m and 300 m, and three were longerthan 300 m. Twenty-two species of six different families were observed: 16 species belonged to Phyllostomidae, two to Vespertilionidae and Mormoopidae and one to Furipteridae and Emballonuridae. In this study, 17 species were characterized as Distrito Federal cave dwellers. The most prevalent were Desmodus rotundus, Glossophaga soricina and Carollia perspicillata. The least prevalent were Lonchorhina aurita, Pteronotus gymnonotus and Phylloderma stenops. Since some Anoura caudifer, Platyrrhinus lineatus, Myotis nigricans, Micronycteris minuta, and Eptesicus brasiliensis individuals were captured only while going into the caves early in the night, they were not considered cave dwellers. Even though, they probably use the caves as a daytime roosting place. Surprisingly, Lonchophylla dekeyseri, considered to be the only endemic bat species in the Cerrado ecosystem, was observed in three of the surveyed caves. Further biological studies are necessary to determine the biology of L. dekeyseri and the necessity of its conservation. The bat colonies observed were usually of a small size. Few colonies of D. rotundus and Anoura geoffroyi contained more than 300 individuals of both sexes. Only a inale group of L. aurita was observed in the Distrito Federal area. Twelve of the surveyed caves were hard to access and therefore well protected. Four of the caves received some public visitation, two were located near limestone mines, one was located near an urban area. and one had both public visitation and deforestation near its entrance. In this latter cave, no bats were observed after november 1994, probably due to the urbanization process. Special attention should be given to eight of the surveyed caves in any plan made for the conservation of cave bats in the Distrito Federal area. These caves host a high bat diversity (six or more species) and also shelter two rare and one endemic bat species.

Key words: Mammalia, ecology, behavior, cave bats communities, conservation, neotropical region.


 

 

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Somos gratos a Eleonora Trajano, Wagner A. Pedro, Nélio R. dos Reis e Adriano L. Peracchi, pelas leitura crítica do manuscrito e valiosas sugestões; a E. Trajano e W.A Pedro, pela uso de informações não publicadas; a João B. da Costa, Mauro L. Martins, Paulo H. de Oliveira, Elilia R.N. Rocha e Edgard D. Magalhães pelo valioso auxílio nos trabalhos de campo; à FAP-DF (190280/94) e FAPESP (94/2235-2) pelo financiamento de parte do trabalho, e a Fundação Nacional de Saúde pelo custeio de parte das viagens de W. Uieda a Brasília.

 

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Recebido em 27.II.1998; aceito em 19.VII.1999.

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