SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue4The diet of bats from Southeastern Brazil: the relation to echolocation and foraging behaviourMapping of serotonin-immunoreactive neurons of Anastrepha obliqua Macquart larvae author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.16 no.4 Curitiba  1999 

Composição da avifauna em duas matas ciliares na bacia do rio Jacaré-Pepira, São Paulo, Brasil


Bird community composition of two riparian forests at Jacaré-Pepira river, São Paulo, Brazil



Maria Elisa de Castro AlmeidaI; Jacques M.E. VielliardII; Manoel Martins DiasI

IDepartamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva, Universidade Federal de São Carlos. Caixa Postal 676, 13565-905 São Carlos, São Paulo, Brasil
IIDepartamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Caixa Postal 6109, 13083-970 Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil




A quali-quantitative survey was carried out in two riparian forests fragmente (approximately 40 ha each) at Jacaré-Pepira river. Our intention was to characterize its bird community conceming richness, abundance and species occurrence in these areas. The qualitative survey showed 130 species at Santa Elisa (Brotas, São Paulo) and 151 at Morro Chato (Dourado, São Paulo), whereas the quantitative survey revealed the presence of 69 and 75 species at Santa Elisa and Morro Chato, respectively. The small size and the isolation might be responsible for the low number of species found. Observing the abundance index values (IPA) we realize that there are a few number of species with a high IPA on the one hand, while on the other there is a large number of species with intermediate and low IPA rates. A high detection coefficient (vocalization), low predatoiy rates and competition might have contributed for the higher abundance values found among these species. Furthermore, we have also registered species which are abundant in a fragment, but absent in the other, which might be explained by initial exclusion or local extinction. In spite of the riparian forests being protected by law, its clearing process has not stopped yet. Therefore, the study of this bird community is of uppermost impoitance for the elaboration of both conservation and management projects regarding these areas.

Key words: Bird community, unlimited distance point counts, riparian forest.



Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.



AGRADECIMENTOS. Os autores agradecem ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Recursos Naturais da UFSCar pelo apoio logístico e ao CNPq pela bolsa concedida. Ao Eng1 Florestal Cássio H. G. Cezare e ao técnico Luiz Aparecido Joaquim (DEBE/UFSCar), pelo acompanhamento nos trabalhos de campo.



Aleixo, A. & J. Vielliard. 1995. Composição e dinâmica da avifauna da mata de Santa Genebra, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Revta bras. Zool. 12 (3): 493-511.         [ Links ]

Bierregard Jr., R.O.; T.E. Lovejoy; V. Kapos; A.A. Santos & R.W. Hutchings 1992. The biological dynamics of tropical rainforest fragments. Bioscience 42 (11): 859-866.         [ Links ]

Blondel, J.; C. Ferry & B. Frochot. 1970. La méthode des indices ponctuels d'abondance (I.P.A.) ou des releves d'avifaune par "stations d'écoute". Alauda 38: 55-71.         [ Links ]

Meffe, G.F. & CR. Carrol. 1994. Habitat fragmentation, p.237-264. In: G.F. Meffe & C.R. Carrol (Eds). Principles of conservation biology. Sunderland, Massachusetts, Sinauer Associates Inc., 600p.         [ Links ]

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1966. The species of birds of South America and their distribution. Philadelphia, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, XVIII+578p.         [ Links ]

______. 1970. A guide to the birds of South America. Philadelphia, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, XIV+470p.         [ Links ]

Silva, W.R. & J. Vielliard (no prelo). Avifauna de mata ciliar. In: H.F. Leitão-Filho & R.R. Rodrigues (Eds). Matas ciliares: estado atual do conhecimento. Campinas, Editora da Unicamp.         [ Links ]

Vielliard, J. (no prelo). Birds community as an indicator of biodiversity: results from quantitative surveys in Brazil. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências.         [ Links ]

Vielliard, J. & W.R. Silva. 1990. Nova metodologia de levantamento quantitativo da avifauna e primeiros resultados no interior do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Anais do IV ENAV, Recife, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, p. 117-151.         [ Links ]



Recebido em 11.XII.1997; aceito em 07.X.1999.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License