SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.16 suppl.2Occurrence and morphology of glands in legs of Centris and Epicharis (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae)Diet of pirambeba Serrasalmus brandtii Reinhardt (Teleostei, Characidae) in four floodplain lakes in São Francisco river, Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.16  supl.2 Curitiba  1999

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751999000600002 

Análise cladística de Euprepina Hull (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Bombyliinae)

 

Cladistic analysis of Euprepina Hull, (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Bombyliinae)

 

 

Carlos José Einicker LamasI; Márcia Souto CouriI,II

IMuseu Nacional. Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20940-040 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
IIBolsista do CNPq

 

 


ABSTRACT

A cladistic analysis of Euprepina Hull, 1971 (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Bombyliinae), a Neotropical genus that includes ten species, was made. The cladogram was obtained from eight studied species, based on a data matrix with 21 characters, using the program Hennig86. Character states were polarized following outgroup analysis, and an hypothetical ancestor was included in the analysis in order to root the tree. The options used, "ie*" and "xs w", resulted in four most parsimonious trees with ci = 79, ri = 80 and length 115. The monophiletism of Euprepina was supported by two synapomorphies.

Key words: Diptera, Euprepina, Bombyliidae, Bombyliinae, cladistic analysis.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

AGRADECIMENTOS. Ao Dr. Hussan Zaher (Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil) pelas numerosas sugestões e esclarecimentos. Ao Dr. Brian Brown (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, EUA), pelo auxílio na localização do material tipo de Euprepina truxalia Hull, 1971. Aos doutores: Neal Evenhuis (Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii), David K. Yeates (The University of Queensland, Queensland, Austrália), B. Brugge (Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoologie, Amsterdã, Holanda), J.M. Cumming (Canadian National Collection, Ontário, Canadá), Ruth Contreras-Lichtenberg (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Viena, Áustria) e ao Dr. José Henrique Guimarães (Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil), pelo empréstimo de material tipo e outros espécimens.

 

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

Amorim, D.S. 1997. Elementos básicos de sistemática filogenética. São Paulo, Sociedade Brasileira de Entomologia, 276p.         [ Links ]

Bowden, J. 1985. The tribal classification of the Bombyliinae with particular reference to the Bombyliini and Dischistini, and the description of a new genus from South America (Dipt, Bombyliidae). Entomol. Mon. Mag. 121: 99-107.         [ Links ]

Carpenter, J.M. 1988. Choosing Among Multiple Equally Parsimonious Cladograms. Cladistics 4: 291-296.         [ Links ]

Evenhuis, N.L. 1991. World catalog of the genus-group names of bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae). Bishop Mus. Bull. Entomol. 5: 1-105.         [ Links ]

Farris, J. 1969. A successive approximations approach to character weighting. Syst. Zool. 18: 374-385.         [ Links ]

______ . 1988. Hennig 86, Version 1.5. New York, Published by the author, Port Jefferson Station.         [ Links ]

Goloboff, P.A. 1993. Estimating character weights during tree search. Cladistics 9: 83-91.         [ Links ]

______ . 1995. Parsimony and weighting: a reply to Turner and Zandee. Cladistics 11: 91-104.         [ Links ]

Hennig, W. 1966. Phylogenetic systematics. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.         [ Links ]

Hull, F.M. 1973. The beeflies of the world. The genera of the family Bombyliidae. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 286: 3-687.         [ Links ]

Lamas, C.J.E. & M.S. Couri. 1998. A new species of Euprepina Hull, 1971 from Bahia, Brazil (Diptera: Bombyliidae: Bombyliinae). Revta bras. Ent. 41 (2-4): 447-449.         [ Links ]

______ . 1999. Revisão de Euprepina Hull (Diptera, Bombyliidae, Bombyliinae). Revta bras. Zool. 16 (2): 461-482.         [ Links ]

Maddison, W.P.; M.J. Donoghue & D.R. Maddison. 1984. Outgroup analysis and parsimony. Syst. Zool. 33 (1): 83-103.         [ Links ]

Ramos, T.C. 1997. Tree gardener 2.2. São Paulo, Privately distributed by Thiago Courrol Ramos, Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo.         [ Links ]

Watrous, L.E. & Q.D. Wheeler. 1981. The outgroup comparision method of character analysis. Syst. Zool. 30 (1): 1-11.         [ Links ]

WILEY, E.O. 1981. Phylogenetics. The theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. New York, John Wiley & Sons, 439p.         [ Links ]

Yeates, D.K. 1994. The cladistic and classification of the Bombyliidae (Diptera: Asiloidea). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 219: 1-191.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 18.VI.1998; aceito em 05.XI.1999.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License