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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.16  supl.2 Curitiba  1999

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751999000600020 

Riqueza de mamíferos de grande e médio porte do Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor (Acre, Brasil)

 

The richness of the large and medium-sized mammals of the Serra do Divisor National Park (Acre, Brazil)

 

 

Armando Muniz Calouro

Departamento de Ciências da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Acre. Rodovia BR 364 km 04, 69915-900 Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil. E-mail: calouro@mdnet.com.br

 

 


ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to characterize the richness (number of species) of large and medium-sized mammals, and the antropic threats in the Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor (PNSD). In 31 days data were collected through direct observations or evidences (bones, hairs, vocalizations and tracks) along pre-existing trails distributed in different types of vegetation. Wild mammals captured by local people were also considered. They were found 44 species of terrestrial mammals (with the exception of small mammals and bats) and two species of cetaceans, representing 73% of the total predicted, according to the literature and information of local dwellers were registered in PNSD. They exist in the area two species classified by IUCN (1996) as "Endangered" [Cacajao calvus rubicundus (I. Geoffroy, 1806) and Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792)] and five as "Vulnerable" [Ateles chamek (Humboldt, 1812), Callimico goeldii (Thomas, 1904), Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii (Humboldt, 1812), Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 and Inia geoffrensis (Blainville, 1817)]. Given that subsistence and commercial hunting are common in the PNSD, mammals more affected by hunting [Ateles chamek (Humboldt, 1812), Lagothrix lagotricha (Humboldt, 1812), Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795)] were observed only in the more remote areas such as Serra do Divisor, Rio Moa. In comparison with others areas, the results indicate that PNSD has high richness of the mammals, with special attention to the 14 primates species registered.

Key words: Mammals, geografic distribution, hunting effect, conservation, Acre, Brazil.


 

 

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Agradeço aos pesquisadores Bret Whitney, Elder Morato, Letícia Santos, Lindomar Soares, Moisés Barbosa, Rosemary Vieira, Rosimeire Correia e Verônica Passos pelo interesse em repassar informações que enriqueceram esse trabalho; ao técnico Willian Aiache pelo auxílio no tratamento do material coletado; à Júlio Bicca-Marques pela ajuda com a bibliografia sobre primatas; aos barqueiros e mateiros pelo auxílio de campo e à SOS-Amazônia/The nature Conservancy/IBAMA pelo convite em participar do projeto e pelo apoio prestado.

 

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Recebido em 06.VIII.1998; aceito em 26.XI.1999.

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