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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.16  supl.2 Curitiba  1999

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751999000600022 

Foraging behavior and microhabitats used by black lion tamarins, Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Mikan) (Primates, Callitrichidae)1

 

 

Fernando de Camargo PassosI; Alexine KeuroghlianII

IDepartamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-990 Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. E-mail: fpassos@bio.ufpr.br
IIDepartment of Wildlife Management, West Virginia University. Present address: University of Nevada, Reno, Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology, Reno, Nevada 89557-0015, U.S.A

 

 


ABSTRACT

Foraging in the Black Lion Tamarin (L. chrysopygus Mikan, 1823) was observed in the Caetetus Ecological Station, São Paulo, southeastern Brazil, during 83 days between November 1988 to October 1990. These tamarins use manipulative, specific-site foraging behavior. When searching for animal prey items, they examine a variety of microhabitats (dry palm leaves, twigs, under loose bark, in tree cavities). These microhabitats were spatially dispersed among different forest macrohabitats such as swamp forests and dry forested areas. These data indicated that the prey foraging behavior of L. chrysopygus was quite variable, and they used a wide variety of microhabitats, different of the other lion tamarin species.

Key words: Callitrichidae, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, black lion tamarin, animal prey, foraging behavior, diet, microhabitats.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. We are grateful to the administrators and staff of the Caetetus Ecological Station, the Forestry Institute (IF) of São Paulo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas and IBAMA, Dr. Cory Teixeira de Carvalho for his continuous support, Jose Carvalho for his field assistance, Edson P. Teixeira (IF) for identification of the insect fragments, Dr. Faiçal Simon (chairperson of the black lion tamarin committee during the study), Don Eaton for editing comments, and CAPES and Fundação MB.

 

REFERENCES

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Coimbra-Filho, A.F. & R.A. Mittermeier. 1973. Distribution and ecology of the genus Leontopithecus Lesson, 1840 in Brazil. Primates 14 (1): 47-66.         [ Links ]

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Rylands, A.B. 1989. Sympatric Brazilian callitrichids: the black tufted-ear marmoset, Callithrix kuhli, and the golden-headed lion tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysomelas. Jour. Human Evol. 18: 679-695.         [ Links ]

______ . 1993. The ecology of the lion tamarins, Leontopithecus: some intrageneric differences and comparisons with other callitrichids, p. 296-313. In: A.B. Rylands (Ed.). Marmosets and tamarins: systematics, behaviour and ecology. Oxford, Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 11.III.1999; aceito em 29.XI.1999.

 

 

1 Contribuição número 1171 do Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná.

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