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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.17 no.3 Curitiba Sept. 2000

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752000000300025 

SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION

 

Stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Meliponini) feeding on stinkhorn spores (Fungi, Phallales): robbery or dispersal?1

 

 

Marcio L. OliveiraI,II; Elder F. MoratoI,II

IDepartamento de Ciências da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Acre. 69915-900 Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil
IIProjeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais (PDBFF-INPA/Smithsonian Institution). Caixa postal 478, Manaus, 69011-970 Amazonas, Brasil

 

 


ABSTRACT

Records about stingless bee-fungi interaction are very rare. In Brazilian Amazonia, workers of Trigona crassipes (Fabricius, 1793) and Trigona fulviventris Guérin, 1835 visiting two stinkhorn species, Dictyophora sp. and Phallus sp., respectively, were observed. The workers licked the fungi gleba, a mucilaginous mass of spores covering the pileum. Neither gleba residue nor spores were found on the body surface of these bee workers. These observations indicate that these bee species include spores as a complement in their diet. On the other hand, they also suggest that these stingless bees can, at times, facilitale spore dispersal, in case intact spores are eliminated with the feces.

Key words: Stingless bee-fungi interaction, Dictyophora, Phallus, Phallales, robbery, spore dispersal, Trigona


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. The authors thank João M.F. Camargo and Silvia R.M. Pedro for bee identification; Vera L. Bononi, Marina Capelari and Jair Putzke for fungus identification; Cleber I. Salimon and Gisele G. Azevedo for their communications; Maria Cristina Gaglianone and Gabriel A.R. Melo for valuable comments on the manuscript, J. Christopher Brown for language revision and PDBFF (INPA-SI) and SUFRAMA for support.

 

REFERENCES

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Camargo, J.M.F. & D.W. Roubik. 1991. Systematics and bionomics of the apoid obligate necrophages: the Trigona hypogea group (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Meliponinae). Biol. Jour. Linn. Soc. 44:13-39.         [ Links ]

Gugliota, A. de M. & M. Capelari. 1999. Taxonomia de Basidiomicetos, p. 69-102. In: V.L.R. Bononi (Ed). Zigomicetos, Basidiomicetos e Deuteromicetos. Noções básicas de taxonomia e aplicações biotecnológicas. São Paulo, Instituto de Botânica, Secretaria Estadual de Meio Ambiente, 184p.         [ Links ]

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Roubik, D.W. 1982. Obligate necrophagy in the social bee. Science 217:1059-1060.         [ Links ]

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Tuno, N. 1998. Spore dispersal of Dictyophora fungi (Phallaceae) by flies. Ecol. Res. 13:7-15.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 02.IX.1999; aceito em 16.VIII.2000.

 

 

1 Publication number 302 of the PDBFF (INPA/SI).

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