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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.18 no.3 Curitiba Sept. 2001

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752001000300008 

Zooarqueologia dos mamíferos aquáticos e semi-aquáticos da Ilha de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil

 

 

Pedro Volkmer de CastilhoI,II; Paulo César Simões-LopesII,III

IBolsista PET/CAPES
IILaboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos, Departamento de Ecologia e Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Campus Universitário, 88040-900 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil
IIIBolsista do CNPq/PQ

 

 


ABSTRACT

This study analyzes the use of aquatic mammals by prehistoric societies of Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil. Samples from two archaeological sites were examined: Rio do Meio (RM) and Porto do Rio Vermelho (SCPRV). Nine aquatic mammal species were found: a) pinnipeds: Arctocephalus australis (Zimmerman, 1783) and A. tropicalis (Gray, 1872), and b) cetaceans: Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822), Delphinus delphis Linnaeus, 1758, Stenella frontalis (Cuvier, 1829), Steno bredanensis (Lesson, 1828), Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821), Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais & d'Orbigny, 1844) and a non-identified rorqual from the genus Balaenoptera Lacépède, 1804. Three especies of semi-aquatic mammals were also recorded: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1758), Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) and Lontra longicaudis (Olfers,1818). Both sites presented similar species diversity, although abundance was greater at the most recent site (RM). There were more samples from axial skeletons, but in genera the anatomical regions were homogeneously distributed among the identified taxa.

Key words: Zooarchaeology, aquatic mammals hunting, Southern Brazil


 

 

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Agradecemos ao biólogo Jorge José Cherem pela leitura do manuscrito e sugestões; ao Prof. Marco Aurélio Nadal De Masi do Laboratório de Arqueologia (UNISUL) e a arqueóloga Teresa Domitila Fossari do Museu Universitário (UFSC) pelo apoio e fornecimento de literatura a respeito de populações humanas pré-históricas residentes na Ilha de Santa Catarina. À CAPES pela bolsa do Programa Especial de Treinamento - PET (convênio CAPES-UFSC) concedida no nível de graduação ao primeiro autor.

 

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Recebido em 19.X.2000; aceito em 17.VII.2001