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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.18 no.3 Curitiba Sept. 2001

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752001000300018 

Diversidade de Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae) em dois fragmentos de Mata Atlântica localizados na região urbana de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil

 

Diversity of Euglossinac (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in two Atlantic Forest fragments located in the urban area of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil

 

 

Cleomar Porto BezerraI; Celso Feitosa MartinsII

ICentro Federal de Educação Tecnológica da Paraíba. 58015-430 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil
IICorrespondências: Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. 58059-900 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. E-mail: cmartins@dse.ufpb.br

 

 


ABSTRACT

The use of fragrances to attract males of Euglossinae bees has been an important tool to increase the knowledge of the group. In the Northeastern of Brazil, studies on euglossine bees are still uncommon, mainly in urban areas. The goals of this study are to identify the Euglossinae species composition, to know the diversity and the community structure of Euglossinae species, verify their preferences for different fragrances and evaluate the phenology of these species, in two Atlantic Forest fragments of the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Brazil. Bees were sampled at 15 days intervals, over the course of one year, from 8:00 to 17:00 hours, through the use of traps baited with seven types of fragrances. In both areas, 1082 individuals belonging to nine species were sampled. None significant difference of diversity and relative abundance of bees between fragments were observed. Eucalyptol was the most attractive fragrance. Bees were more abundant between 8:00 and 9:00 AM. Visits to the fragrances were more frequent from the middle of dry season to the beginning of the rainy season and positively correlated with the monthly mean temperature. Most species of bees visited all the baits over the year, but the number of attracted males was highest in April.

Key words: Euglossinae bees, diversity, community structure, Atlantic Forest


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Somos gratos ao Dr. Jesus Santiago Moure e ao Dr. Mareio Luiz de Oliveira pela identificação das espécies de Euglossinae, a Antonio Christian de A. Moura pelas sugestões, e à CAPES, pelo auxilio concedido ao primeiro autor.

 

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Recebido em 14.XI.2000; aceito em 31.VII.2001.

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