SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18 issue4Food items found in regurgitation samples of Pyriglena leucoptera (Vieillot) (Aves, Thamnophilidae) in a secondary forest area in Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern BrazilThe exocrine glands of swarming females and physogastric queens of Cornitermes cumulans (Kollar) (Isoptera, Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.18 no.4 Curitiba Dec. 2001

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752001000400006 

Aspectos da biologia de nidificação de Euplusia mussitans (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini)

 

Aspects of nesting biology of Euplusia mussitans Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini)

 

 

Blandina Felipe VianaI; Edinaldo Luz das NevesII; Fabiana Oliveira da SilvaII

IDepartamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia. 40170-110 Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. E-mail: blande@.ufba.br
IIPrograma de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal da Bahia. 40170-110 Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Bolsista da CAPES

 

 


ABSTRACT

The architecture and biology of Euplusia mussitans (Fabricius, 1787) nests were investigated, using trap nests made by wood, which were randomly distributed in a fragment of a coastal sand dunes, in Salvador, Bahia. Brazil (12º56'S and 38º21'W). 10 nests were found in cavities with 1.5 cm in diameter. From them emerged 10 females and 16 males (Sex ratio = 0,38). The nest cells were made of small pieces of bark cemented together with resin. The number of cells in the nests varied from 2 to 4, with females cells at the inner end and males cells towards the entrance. No significant difference was observed (t= 0.7274, P > 0.05) between the medium size for males (6.3 mm ± 0.16) and for females (6.4 mm ± 0.29). The development time of females was longer than males.

Key words: Euglossini, Euplusia mussitans, bees, nests, trap nests, biology


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

AGRADECIMENTOS. À Capes e ao CADCT/SEPLANTEC pelo auxílio financeiro; a Ciáxares Magalhães Carvalho e Alex Fabian Rabelo Teixeira pelo auxílio na instalação e inspeção dos ninhos no campo; ao Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure, pela confirmação da identificação da espécie de abelha.

 

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

Brockmann, H.J. & A. Grafen. 1992. Sex ratios and life-history of a solitary wasp, Trypoxylon (Trypargilum) politum (Hymynoptera: Sphecidae). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 30:7-27.         [ Links ]

Camillo, E; C.A. Garófalo; J.C. Serrano & G. Mucillo. 1995. Diversidade e Abundância Sazonal de Abelhas e Vespas Solitárias em ninhos armadilhas (Hymenoptera, Apocrita, Aculeata). Revta bras. Ent. 39:(2):459-470.         [ Links ]

Dressler, R.L. 1982. Biology of the orchid bees (Euglossini). Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13:373-394.         [ Links ]

Frankie, G.W.; R.W. Thorp; L.E. Newstrom-Lloyd; M.A. Rizzardi; J.F. Barthel; T.L. Griswold; J. Kim & S. Kappagoda. 1998. Monitoring solitary bees in modified wildland habitats: Implications for bee ecology and conservation. Environ. Entomol. 27(5):1137-1148.         [ Links ]

Frohlich, D.R. & V.J. Tepedino. 1986. Sex ratio, parental investment and interparent variability in nesting success in a solitary bee. Evolution 40:142-151.         [ Links ]

Garófalo, C.A. & J.C. Serrano. 1992. Reutilização do ninho por Eufrisea violacea (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini). Naturalia. São Paulo, (Especial): 234.         [ Links ]

Garófalo, CA.; E. Camillo; J.C. Serrano & J.M.M. Rebélo. 1993. Utilization of traps nests by Euglossini species (Hymenoptera:Apidae). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 53(2):177-187.         [ Links ]

Kimsey, L.S. 1982. Systematics of bees of the genus Eufriesea (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Univ. California Publ. Entom. 95:1-125.         [ Links ]

______. 1987. Generic relationships within Euglossini (Hymenopter: Apidae). Syst. Entomol. 12:63-72        [ Links ]

Krombein. K.V. 1967. Trap-nesting wasps and bees: Life, histories, nests and associates. Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Press, 570p.         [ Links ]

Michener, CD. 1974. The Social Behavior of the Bees. Cambridge, Harvard Univ. Press, 403p.         [ Links ]

Morato, E.F. & L.A.O. Campos. 2000. Efeitos da fragmentação florestal sobre vespas e abelhas solitárias em uma área da Amazônia Central. Revta bras. Zool. 17(2):429-444.         [ Links ]

Moure, J.S. 1967. A check-list of the known Euglossine bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Atas Simpos. Biota Amazôn., Curitiba, 5:395-415.         [ Links ]

Myers, J.D. & M.D. Loveless. 1976. Nesting Aggregations of the Euglossini bee Euplusia surinamensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Individual interations and the advantage of living together. Can. Ent. 108(1):1-6.         [ Links ]

Neves, E.L. & B.F. Viana. 1999. Comunidade de Machos de Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae) das Matas Ciliares do Médio Rio São Francisco, Bahia. An. Soc. Entomol. Brasil 28(2):201-210.         [ Links ]

Peruquetti, R.C & L.A.O. Campos. 1997. Aspectos da Biologia de Euplusia violacea (Blanchard) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini). Revta bras. Zool. 14(1):91-97.         [ Links ]

Roubik. D.W. & J.D. Ackerman. 1987. Long-term ecology of euglossine orchid-bees (Apidae: Euglossinae) in Panamá. Oecologia 73:321-333.         [ Links ]

Sakagami, S.F. & H. Sturm. 1965. Euplusia longipenis (Friese) und ihre merkwürdigen brutzellen aus Kolumbien (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Insecta Matsumurana 28:83-92.         [ Links ]

Sakagami, S.F. & C.D. Michener. 1965. Notes on the nests of two euglossine bees, Euplusia violacea and Eulaema cingulata (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Ann. Zool. Japon. 38(4):216-222.         [ Links ]

Sihag, R.C. 1983. Life cycle pattern, seasonal mortality, problem of parasitization and Sex ratio pattern in alfafa pollinating megachilid bees. Z. ang. Ent. 96:368-379.         [ Links ]

Viana, B.F.; F.O. Silva & A.M.P. Kleinert. 2001. Diversidade e sazonalidade de abelhas solitárias (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) em dunas litorâneas no nordeste do Brasil. Neotrop. Ent. 30(2):245-251.         [ Links ]

Zucchi, R.; S.F. Sakagami & J.M.F. Camargo. 1969. Biological observations on a neotropical parasocial bee, Eulaema nigrita, with a review on the biology of Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae). A comparative Study. Jour. Fac. Sc. Hokkaido Univ., Zoology, 17(6):271-379.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 14.IX.2000; aceito em 22.X.2001.