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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

versão impressa ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.19 no.3 Curitiba set. 2002

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752002000300025 

Ácaros (Arachnida, Acari) da seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil

 

Mites (Arachnida, Acari) on rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

 

 

Noeli Juarez FerlaI; Gilberto José de MoraesII

IMuseu de Ciências Naturais, Centro Universitário UNIVATES. 95900-000 Lajeado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. E-mail: njferla@fates.tche.br
IIDepartamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz. 13418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brasil. Bolsista do CNPq. E-mail: gjmoraes@carpa.ciagri.usp.br

 

 


ABSTRACT

Mites started to be considered economically important on rubber tree since the early 1990's, when they were considered responsible for damages caused to this crop and by the consequent yield reduction. The aim of this work was to determine the mites present on this crop in the State of Mato Grosso and to elaborate a key for the separation of the species found. This study was conducted in fields of Plantacoes Edouard Michelin Ltda., in Itiquira, and Triângulo Agro-Industrial S/A. in Pontes e Lacerda. Samplings were conducted monthly in six different clones: PB 260, PR 255, IAN 713, IAN 873, FX 3864 and RRIM 600. Clones PB 260 and IAN 873 were sampled between August 1998 and July 2000; other clones were sampled between August 1999 and July 2000. In the season 1998/1999 samples consisted of 15 leaves of each of 10 plants taken randomly and in the season 1999/2000, 5 leaves of the median stratum of each of 15 plants taken randomly were sampled. A total of 4270 mites were found, belonging to 11 families. Nearly 77,2% of the mites collected belonged to the families Eriophyidae. Tarsone-midae. Tcnuipalpidae and Tetranychidae. composed predominantly by phytophagous species. Phytoseiidae was the most diverse family, with 15 species, followed by the families Tetranychidae and Eriophydae, with five species, and Tydeidae, with four species.

Key words: Acari, mites, diversity of mite, Hevea brasiliensis, rubber tree, Mato Grosso


 

 

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AGRADECIMENTOS. Aos Profs Drs Reinaldo J.F. Feres e Carlos H.W. Flechtmann pelo auxílio na identificação das espécies encontradas. Às empresas Plantações Edouard Michellin Ltda. e Triângulo Agro-Industrial Ltda pelo financiamento do projeto. Ao Engenheiro Agrônomo Caio Franchechi. ao Técnico Agrícola Nilson de Souza e aos Engenheiros Agrônomos Cássio Scomparin e Etiéne Grallien pelo envio do material para a realização destes estudos. Ao CNPq pela concessão de bolsa para a realização do doutorado do primeiro autor.

 

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Recebido em 09.XI.2001; aceito em 04.IX.2002.

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