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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.19  supl.2 Curitiba Dec. 2002

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752002000600002 

Ecology of Mabuya agilis (Raddi) (Lacertilia, Scincidae) at the restinga of Grumari, Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil

 

 

Davor VrcibradicI,II,*; Carlos Frederico Duarte RochaI

ISetor de Ecologia, DBAV, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
IIPós-Graduação em Ecologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Caixa Postal 6109,13081-970 Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. E-mail: vdavor@uol.com.br

 

 


ABSTRACT

Some aspects of the ecology of the skink Mabuya agilis (Raddi, 1823) at the restinga habitat of Grumari, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil are studied. Most of the lizards were first sighted on the ground, though a few were using perches (mainly cacti) up to 30 cm high. Mean body temperature in activity was 33.1 ± 2.4ºC and was significantly correlated to air temperature. There was sexual dimorphism in size (snout-vent length - SVL), with females growing larger than males. Frequency of broken tails was high overall (83%) and did not differ between sexes. Females and males are sexually mature at 49 mm and 47 mm SVL, respectively. Brood size averaged 3.2 ± 1.0 (range 1-5) and was positively and significantly related to female SVL (r = 0.65, p = 0.001). Relative clutch mass (RCM) of seven gravid females averaged 0.250 ± 0.042, being relatively low compared to those of other congeners. The diet of M. agilis was composed basically of arthropods, with relatively large and soft-bodied arthropods such as spiders, caterpillars and homopterans being the most important prey. The results of our work confirm and expand the knowledge of ecological tendencies previously observed for M. agilis in other areas.

Key words: Mabuya agilis, lizard, thermal ecology, diet, reproductive traits, restinga habitat, southeastern Brazil


 

 

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. This study is a portion of the results of the "Programa de Ecologia, Conservação e Manejo de Ecossistemas do Sudeste Brasileiro" and of the Eastern Brazilian Vertebrate Ecology Project, both of the Setor de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. We thank P.F. Teixeira-Filho, M. Cunha Barros, H.L.T. Zaluar and L.C. Prado for their help during fieldwork. The first author benefitted from a graduate fellowship (Process 143607/ 98-7 NV) and the second author from research grants (Processes 300819/ 94-3 NV and 461970/00-7 APQ), all given by the Conselho Nacional do Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico (CNPq). This study was also partially supported by a grant from the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - FAPERJ (Process E-26/170.385/97). Field collections of lizards were made under permit of the Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovéveis - IBAMA (Process 03486/99-85).

 

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Received in 12.VII.2002; accepted in 05.XI.2002.

 

 

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