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ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 0102-6720On-line version ISSN 2317-6326

ABCD, arq. bras. cir. dig. vol.28 no.4 São Paulo Nov./Dec. 2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-6720201500030021 

Letter to the Editor

INTRA-ABDOMINAL SEMINOMA TESTIS IN ADULT: CASE REPORT

Jorge Roberto Marcante CARLOTTO1 

Ramiro COLLEONI-NETO1 

David Carlos SHIGUEOKA2 

Ricardo ARTIGIANI-NETO3 

Gaspar de Jesus LOPES-FILHO1 

1Surgical Gastroenterology Discipline, Department of Surgery

2Department of Diagnostic Imaging

3Department of Pathology of Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

INTRODUCTION

The cryptorchidism is the most common congenital malformation of the genitourinary tract4. The intra-abdominal testicle is subject to complications such as cancer, ischemia and infertility1. The most common malignant transformation of undescended testicle is the seminoma2,3,5. Here is presented a case of adult massive pelvic mass corresponding to seminoma developed in intra-abdominal testis.

CASE REPORT

MC'S, man, 32, with a history of progressive and painless increased abdominal size four weeks ago, no other complaints. He had also several congenital malformations including: pectus excavatum, congenital dislocation of the hip and clubfoot (operated in childhood). Physical examination revealed ascites, bilateral pleural effusion and a hardened mass located in flank and the right iliac fossa of about 20 cm. Was detected the absence of the right testicle in scrotum. No abnormal laboratory tests were present. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen and pelvis showed ascites and heterogeneous pelvic mass (Figure 1). The cytological study of ascites and pleural effusion showed no neoplastic cells.

FIGURE 1 - MRI of the pelvis with heterogeneous mass with well vascularized with areas of degeneration/necrosis (arrows) and superior displacement of bowel loops 

Laparotomy was performed which identified a large solid mass in the right iliac fossa partially adhered to the right inguinal canal, and dry easily. The surgical specimen measured 25x19x12 cm and weighed 2350 g (Figure 2). Histopathological examination revealed seminoma of undescended testis with extensive area of coagulation necrosis and angiolymphatic neoplastic embolization.

FIGURE 2 - Tumor mass with smooth outer surface, opaque, sometimes lobed, with brown bleeding areas in A. When cut, in B, whitish, firm and elastic tumor, permeated by areas of bleeding and yellowish and softened areas. 

The patient was discharged on the sixth day after surgery. The left testicle was evaluated and was normal. The staging was completed and once considered the patient in stage III (ascites), was subjected to four cycles of chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin, keeping normalization of markers and improvement of ascites. He is currently with eight years of evolution, and in that period maintained regular outpatient follow-up showing no measurable disease to blood tests and imaging.

DISCUSSION

The cryptorchidism results from abnormalities in the formation and testicular descent during the embryonic period4. It is present in 6% of newborns at term and in 0.8% of infants under one year of age. Can be bilateral in up to 10% of cases, and sometimes is associated with other defects in genitourinary tract5.

The most feared complication of undescended testicle is cancer, ranging from 3.5-14.5% among patients with cryptorchidism5. The testis are intra-abdominal in 10% of cases and at risk 200 times greater in malignant transformation3. Malignant degeneration has the peak incidence in third and fourth decade of life2,3. They are usually asymptomatic and are identified incidentally by imaging tests. When symptomatic, diagnosis is difficult and the symptoms may mimic acute appendicitis, urinary calculus and mass effects, compressive symptoms of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts3. Imaging tests, US, CT and MRI show pelvic or retroperitoneal mass, well defined, homogeneous, without obvious evidence of necrosis or calcification2,3,5. These findings have as main differential diagnoses lymphadenopathy and sarcoma, which are more common situations. The predominant histological type is pure seminoma (43%), followed by embryonic carcinoma (28%), teratocarcinoma (27%) and choriocarcinoma (2%)3. Surgical treatment is mandatory, with resection of intra-abdominal mass and chemotherapy may be an alternative, depending on the stage and histological type of malignant transformation2.

REFERENCES

1. Küçük HF, Dalkiliç G, Kuroglu E, Altuntas M, Barisik NO, Gülmen M. Massive bleeding caused by rupture of intra-abdominal testicular seminoma: case report. J Trauma. 2002 May;52(5):1000-1. [ Links ]

2. Lim YJ, Jeong MJ, Bae BN, Kim SH, Kim JY. Seminoma in undescended testis. Abdom Imaging. 2008 Mar-Apr;33(2):241-3. [ Links ]

3. Miller FH, Whitney WS, Fitzgerald SW, Miller EI. Seminomas complicating undescended intraabdominal testes in patients with prior negative findings from surgical exploration. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Feb;172(2):425-8. [ Links ]

4. Wood HM, Elder JS. Cryptorchidism and testicular cancer: separating fact from fiction. J Urol. 2009 Feb;181(2):452-61. [ Links ]

5. Woodward PJ. Case 70: seminoma in an undescended testis. Radiology. 2004 May;231(2):388-92. [ Links ]

Financial source: none

Received: December 09, 2014; Accepted: May 28, 2015

Correspondence: Ramiro Colleoni Neto E-mail: rcolleoni@uol.com.br

Conflicts of interest: none

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