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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053On-line version ISSN 1678-4790

J. Braz. Chem. Soc. vol.10 no.2 São Paulo Mar./Apr. 1999 


Divergioic Acid, a Triterpene from Vochysia divergens


Sonia C. Hessa, and Franco Delle Monacheb*

aDepartamento de Morfofisiologia/CCBS, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, C.P. 549, 79070-900 Campo Grande - MS, Brazil;

bCentro Chimica dei Recettori del C.N.R., Istituto di Chimica, U.C.S.C., Largo Francesco Vito 1, 00168 , Roma, Italia



Um novo triterpeno lupânico, ácido divergióico, além de b-sitosterol, ácidos betulínico, serícico e 24-hidroxitormêntico, e o éster (28 ® 1) b-D-glucopiranosílico do último, foram obtidos a partir da casca do caule de Vochysia divergens. A estrutura do ácido divergióico foi elucidada por meio de técnicas espectroscópicas, e caracterizada como sendo o ácido 2a,3b,6b-trihidroxi-lup-20(29)-en-28-óico.

A new lupane triterpene, divergioic acid, has been isolated from the stem bark of Vochysia divergens together with b-sitosterol, betulinic, sericic and 24-hydroxytormentic acids and the (28 ® 1) b-D-glucopyranosyl ester of the latter. The structure of divergioic acid was elucidated by spectroscopic techniques and characterized as 2a,3b,6b-trihydroxy-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid.

Keywords: Vochysia divergens, Vochysiaceae, lupene, divergioic acid




Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae) is a tree commonly found in wet soils of the "pantanal" of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and used in folk medicine against infections and asthma1. In previous reports we described the isolation of b-sitosterol, betulinic and sericic acids from the stem bark, as well as the antifungal2 and antibacterial3 activities of sericic acid. In this communication we report the structure elucidation of divergioic acid, a novel lupene. 24-Hydroxytormentic acid and its glucopyranosyl ester were also isolated.


Results and Discussion

In addition to b-sitosterol, betulinic and sericic acids, the reinvestigation of the EtOH extract from the stem bark afforded 24-hydroxytormentic acid and its glucopyranosyl ester in high yield (see Experimental), and a new triterpene, which was named divergioic acid (1). The molecular formula C30H48O5 was deduced from the NMR data and the molecular ion (M+ at m/z 488) in the mass spectrum. The 1H-NMR spectrum exhibited signals at d 4.97 (1 H), d 4.80 (1H) and d 1.81 (3 H), characteristic of triterpenes with a lupene skeleton. In addition, five methyl singlets and signals for three methines on hydroxyl bearing carbons (d 4.86, br s; d 4.30, dt and d 3.44, d) were present. By irradiation at d 4.30, the signal at d 3.44 became a singlet. These findings suggested a lup-20(29)-ene gross structure with two OH in position 2 and 3, and an additional hydroxyl. In accordance, the 13C-NMR spectra (Table 1) showed the appropriate signals for the isopropylene moiety and for three hydroxylated carbons. Comparison of 13C-NMR data of 1 with those of betulinic acid, 24 (Table 1) revealed a good agreement of the values for the carbons of rings C/D/E. Furthermore, the signals due to A/B ring carbons were found to be very similar to those of 2a,3b,6b,19-tetrahydroxy-urs-12-en-28 oic acid, 65. Table 2 reportes the main long-range C-H and H-C connectivities found in the long-range HETCOR spectrum and by selective INEPT experiments, respectively, which are in agreemen with the structure proposed for 1. Therefore, divergioic acid (1) was assigned the structure 2a,3b,6b-trihydroxy-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid and is the first example of a lupane possessing the rare 6-OH group.




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Plant material

Vochysia divergens Pohl (Vochysiaceae) was collected in Corumba (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil) and identified by G. A. Damasceno Jr. (DAM/CEUC/UFMS) and Arnildo Pott (CPAP/EMBRAPA). A voucher specimen is deposited in the herbarium of the Centro Universitario de Corumba/UFMS (Corumba, MS, Brazil) under number 0500.

Extraction and isolation

The powdered stem bark (4.0 kg) was exhaustively extracted with cold EtOH. After evaporation, a mixture of MeOH/H2O, 95:5 (250 mL) was added to a part (20 g) of the EtOH extract, and filtered. Evaporation of the soluble portion (14 g) and washing with cold CHCl3 yielded two fractions, B (soluble, 8 g) and C (insoluble, 6 g). CC of fraction B on SiO2 yielded b-sitosterol (30 mg), betulinic acid, 2 (300 mg), by elution with a gradient of EtOAc in hexane; impure 1, a mixture of sericic (3) and 24-hydroxytormentic (4) acids and the impure glucoside of 4, 5 (4.2 g) were obtained by elution with a gradient of MeOH in EtOAc. CC of fraction C (SiO2; gradient of MeOH in EtOAc) gave 2 (20 mg), impure 1 (80 mg) and a mixture (2 g) of 3, 4 and 5. Extended chromatography (SiO2, hexane/EtOAc, 7:3) of the pooled impure 1 afforded divergioic acid (42 mg). Repeated CC (SiO2; CHCl3/MeOH/H2O 19.5:8.5:2.3, and EtOAc/MeOH, 9:1) of the fractions containing impure 3, 4 and 5 gave pure 3 (500 mg), pure 4 (700 mg), a mixture of 3 and 4 (3.2 g) and the (28 ® 1) b-D-glucopyranosyl ester 5 (300 mg). 13C-NMR data for 3 (2a,3b,19a,24-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-28 oic acid) were not available in the literature, and the signals were attributed by comparison with the respective data for rings A/B of 4 (2a,3b,19,24-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28 oic acid)6 and for rings C/D/E of arjungenin (2a,3b,19a,23-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-28 oic acid)7. Reaction of 3 with diazomethane afforded the respective methyl ester, 1H-NMR data were in agreement with data previously published8.


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Divergioic acid. 1 Mp 155-6 °C; [a]D20 -7° (c 3.0, MeOH); 1H-NMR (300 MHz, Pyridine-d5), d: 4.97 and 4.80 (br s, H2-29), 4.86 (brs, H-6), 4.30 (dt, H-2), 3.57 (m, H-19), 3.44 (d, J = 9.3 Hz; H-3), 2.90 (m, H-13), 2.63 (m, H-16a), 2.27 and 2.25 (m, H-22a and H-21a), 1.81 (s, Me-30), 1.77 (s, Me-25), 1.69 (s, Me-26), 1.60 (s, Me-24), 1.46 (s, Me-23), 1.08 (s, Me-27); 13C-NMR (75 MHz, Pyridine-d5) see Table 1.

Known triterpenes

Sericic acid, 3: [a]D20 +33° (c 0.3, MeOH), Mp 280 °C (dec.), IV and MS data were comprable to those in Ref. 8. 13C-NMR (75 MHz, Pyridine-d5), d: C-1 47.2; C-2 68.4; C-3 85.6; C-4 43.7; C-5 56.5; C-6 19.2; C-7 33.5; C-8 39.9; C-9 48.3; C-10 38.3; C-11 28.9; C-12 123.5; C-13 144.6; C-14 41.9; C-15 29.1; C-16 28.2; C-17 45.9; C-18 44.6; C-19 81.2; C-20 35.5; C-21 28.2; C-22 33.4; C-23 23.9; C-24 65.4; C-25 17.2; C-26 17.0; C-27 24.6; C-28 180.5; C-29 28.5; C-30 24.7.

24-Hydroxytormentic acid, 4: [a]D20 +24° (c 0.3, MeOH), NMR data in agreement with those previously reported were obtained6;

24-Hydroxytormentic acid (281)-D-glucopyranosyl ester, 5 : [a]D20 -9° (c 0.7, MeOH), NMR data in agreement with those previously reported were obtained6.



The authors are grateful to G.A. Damasceno Jr. and A. Pott for the botanical identification of the plant material. Thanks are due to PROPP/UFMS and CNR/Itália for finantial support.



1. Pott, A.; Pott, V.J. In Plantas do Pantanal; EMBRAPA; Corumbá, Brasil, 1994.        [ Links ]

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4. Macias, F.A.; Simonet, A.M.; Estebam, M.D. Phytochemistry 1994, 36, 1369.        [ Links ]

5. Gopalsamy, N.; Vargas, D.; Gueho, J.; Ricaud, C.; Hostettman, K. 1988 Phytochemistry 1994, 27, 3593.        [ Links ]

6. Zhou, X.H.; Kadsai, K.; Ohtami, O.; Tanaka, O.; Nie, R.; Yang, C.; Zhou, J.; Yamasaki, K. Phytochemistry 1992, 31, 3642.        [ Links ]

7. Nandy, A.K.; Podder, G.; Sahu, N.P.; Mahato, S.B. Phytochemistry 1989, 28, 2769.        [ Links ]

8. Bombardelli, E.; Bonati, A.; Gabetta, B.; Mustich, G. Phytochemistry 1974, 13, 2559.        [ Links ]


Received: August 7, 1998

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