SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.17 número3Development of nanocapsule suspensions and nanocapsule spray-dried powders containing melatoninA new system for the spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of nitrite in environmental samples índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053

J. Braz. Chem. Soc. v.17 n.3 São Paulo mayo/un. 2006

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532006000300021 

ARTICLE

 

Synthesis of new N-Benzoxazole and N-Benzothiazole derivatives of 3-(4-Substituted- phenyl)aminoisoxazol-5(2H)-ones and comparison of their base induced rearrangement

 

 

Jabbar Khalafy*; Ahmad Poursattar Marjani; Ali Reza Molla Ebrahimlo

Department of Chemistry, Urmia University, Urmia 57159, Iran

 

 


ABSTRACT

3-Arylaminoisoxazol-5(2H)-ones, substituted on nitrogen with benzoxazole and benzothiazole groups react with triethylamine in ethanol under reflux to afford the corresponding indole and imidazobenzothiazole derivatives, respectively.

Keywords: isoxazolones, 2-chlorobenzoxazole, 2-chlorobenzothiazole, indoles, imidazobenzothiazoles, triethylamine, base induced rearrangements


RESUMO

3-Arilaminoisoxazol-5(2H)-onas, substituídas no nitrogênio com grupos benzoxazol e benzotiazol, reagem com trietilamina em etanol, sob refluxo, fornecendo os correspondentes derivados indol e imidazobenzotiazol, respectivamente.


 

 

Introduction

The reaction of isoxazol-5(2H)-ones, unsubstituted at C-3, with base is well known1-5 and the various intermediates have been trapped to prepare a large number of hetrocyclic system.6-9 However, the reaction of 3-substituted compounds with base is not so well known, and the only reported reactions appear to be that described by Doleschall,10 who alkylated the anion of ethyl 2,3-dimethyl-2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-isoxazole-4-carboxylate, in order to obtain g-alkylated acetoacetates.

In previous studies we have shown11 that the products obtained from the reaction of certain 2-aryl-3-arylaminoisoxazolones 1, substituted on nitrogen with an isoquinoline or quinazoline group, react with triethylamine to give imidazoisoquinoline 2 and imidazoquinazolines 3 respectively. When the N-substituent is a nitropyridine, 2-aminoindole derivatives 4 are formed instead, and 2-pyridyl-3-(3-substituted phenyl)aminoisoxazol-5(2H)-ones 5 react with triethylamine to form the corresponding imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines 6, an outcome that is formally the same as that achieved by photolysis or pyrolysis.12,13

 

 

We have also reported14 that 3-arylamino-4-ethoxycarbonylisoxazol-5(2H)-ones, substituted on nitrogen with a benzothiazole group, react with triethylamine to provide a convenient synthesis of ethyl 2-arylaminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylates (Scheme 1).

 

 

In this paper we report the synthesis of new N-substituted derivatives of 3-arylaminoisoxazol-5(2H)-ones with benzoxazole and benzothiazole substituent at nitrogen and their rearrangements in presence of triethylamine in ethanol under reflux to produce the corresponding indole and imidazobenzothiazole derivatives respectively (Scheme 2), which are suitable synthetic intermediates for a series of new hetrocycles that could be expected to have pharmaceutical applications.17,18

 

 

Results and Discussion

The isoxazolones 8a-e were prepared from the reaction of the corresponding thiocarbamates 7a-e with hydroxylamine by the general method of Worrall15 (Scheme 3).

 

 

The reaction of the isoxazolones 8a-c with 2-chlorobenzoxazole and isoxazolones 8a-e with 2-chlorobenzothiazole in chloroform under reflux afforded the corresponding N-benzoxazole and N-benzothiazole derivatives 9a-c (Scheme 4) and 10a-e (Scheme 5) in good yield.

 

 

 

 

Accordingly, the reaction of the corresponding isoxazolones, substituted on nitrogen with a benzoxazole group 9a-c with triethylamine in ethanol under reflux afforded the rearranged 2-aminoindoles 11a-c in 41-48% (Scheme 6).

 

 

The reaction of the corresponding isoxazolones, substituted on nitrogen with a benzothiazole group 10a-e with triethylamine in ethanol under reflux afforded the rearranged imidazobenzothiazoles 12a-e in 40-62% (Scheme 7).

 

 

The mechanisms of rearrangements are consistent with our earlier suggestions11,14 for the formation of indoles and imidazobenzothiazoles (Scheme 8).

 

 

The addition of a nucleophile to C-4 of the isoxazolone has not been noted by us, but has been invoked by Zvilichovsky et al.16 to rationalize the replacement of a carboxy group by an alkoxide in the isoxazolo[2,3-a]pyrimidine (Scheme 9).

 

 

However, the crucial role of arylamino group in this reaction is still not understood, as exposure of quinazoline 13 to triethylamine in refluxing ethanol led only to the recovery of unreacted starting material. Reaction under more strongly basic conditions, sodium ethoxide in ethanol, produced only 4-ethoxy-2-phenylquinazoline, but the reaction of isoxazolone 1, substituted on nitrogen with a quinazoline group, with triethylamine afforded the corresponding imidazoquinazolin 3.

 

 

It is interesting that in case of benzothiazole derivative the rearrangement afforded only imidazobenzothiazoles, as shown in Scheme 2, but in case of benzoxazole derivatives, indoles are formed with no sign of any imidazobenzoxazole derivative formation, which may be due to the fact that oxygen in benzoxazole ring is more electronegative than sulphur in benzothiazole ring and therefore, the lone pair on nitrogen of benzothiazole ring is more available than that in benzoxazole ring.

 

Conclusions

These rearrangements therefore, appear to be generally applicable to the synthesis of heterocycles which are suitable synthetic intermediates for a series of polycylic heterocycles with possible pharmaceutical applications and could be expected to intercalate with DNA.17,18

 

Experimental

Freshly distilled solvents were used throughout, and anhydrous solvents were dried according to Perrin and Armarego.19 Melting points were determined on a Philip Harris C4954718 apparatus and are uncorrected. Infrared spectra were recorded on a Thermonicolet (Nexus 670) FT-infrared spectrometer, using sodium chloride cells and measured as Nujol mulls or KBr. 1H (300 MHz) and 13C (75.5 MHz) NMR measurements were recorded on a Bruker 300 spectrometer in DMSO-d6 or CDCl3 using TMS as the internal reference. High resolution mass spectra were recorded on a Varian Matt 311 spectrometer. Mass spectra were registered in a HP 5973 MSD connected to HP 6890 GC interfaced by a Pentium PC and relative abundances of fragments are quoted in parentheses after the m/z values. Microanalyses were performed on a Leco Analyzer 932.

Ethyl 3-phenylamino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8a)

In a 50 mL flask to a solution of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (4.71 g, 68 mmol) in water (20 mL), potassium bicarbonate (6.78 g, 68 mmol) was added slowly. Ethanol (80 mL) was added and the resulting potassium chloride was filtered off. Diethyl phenyl thiocarbamoylmalonate (10 g, 34 mmol) was added to the filtrate and the mixture was refluxed for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was acidified with dilute hydrochloric acid (10 mL) and the white precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration. The white solid was recrystallized from ethanol to afford the desired product (6.5 g, 78%) as white needles, mp 165-166 ºC (lit.15 166 ºC). 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.28 (t, J 7 Hz, 3H), 4.25 (q, J 7 Hz, 2H), 7.23 (m, 3H, Ar), 7.35 (m, 2H, Ar), 9.35 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 2H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 13.71, 60.92, 75.82, 122.54, 127.29, 129.98, 134.83, 162.80, 164.14, 169.86. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3358, 3119, 2990, 1748, 1665, 1583, 1327, 1025, 793.

Ethyl 3-(4-bromophenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8b)

This compound was prepared as described for (8a) using diethyl (4-bromophenyl) thiocarbamoylmalonate (12.71 g, 34 mmol) stirring at room temperature for 24 hours, and the white precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration. The white solid was recrystallized from acetone to afford the desired product (8.78 g, 79%) as colourless needles, mp 171-173 ºC. 1H NMR (DMSO-d6) d 1.25 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H), 4.21 (q, J 7.1 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (d, J 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.57 (d, J 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.30 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 9.39 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH).13C NMR (DMSO-d6) d 15.31, 59.96, 74.69, 118.02, 125.08, 132.94, 137.10, 163.53, 164.74, 167.39. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3265, 2987, 2757, 1734, 1707, 1677, 1616, 1591, 1574, 1195, 1022, 797.

Ethyl 3-(4-methylphenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8c)

This compound was prepared as described for (8a) using diethyl (4-methylphenyl) thiocarbamoylmalonate (10.50 g, 34 mmol) and refluxing for 24 hours to afford the desired product (7.85 g, 85%) as colourless crystals, mp 164-166 ºC (lit.20 166-168 ºC). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 0.95 (t, J 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.94 (s, 3H), 3.91 (q, J 7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.78 (d, J 9.2 Hz, 2H, Ar), 6.79 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 6.80 (d, J 9.2 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.85 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 14.52, 20.85, 60.08, 74.69, 121.53, 130.13, 133.29, 135.64, 163.59, 165.51, 166.74. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3409, 2976, 1708, 1619, 1572, 1072, 787. Anal. Calc. for C13H14N2O4 : C, 55.90; H, 5.41; N, 10.03%; Found: C, 55.25; H, 5.03; N, 9.82%.

Ethyl 3-(4-nitrophenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8d)

This compound was prepared as described for (8a) using diethyl (4-nitrophenyl)thiocarbamoylmalonate (1.1 g, 3.23 mmol) and refluxing for 24 hours to afford the desired product (0.62 g, 65%) as yellow solid, mp 158-160 ºC (lit.20 161-163 ºC). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 1.30 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H), 4.36 (q, J 7.1 Hz, 2H), 6.32 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 7.51 (d, J 9.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.23 (d, J 9.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 9.53 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH).13C NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 14.43, 60.37, 76.45, 118.82, 125.33, 142.68, 143.53, 161.35, 164.74, 168.48. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3470, 1755, 1723, 1681, 1632, 1582, 1518, 1498, 1418, 1345, 857.

Ethyl 3-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8e)

This compound was prepared as described for (8a) using diethyl (4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl)thiocarbamoylmalonate (12.48 g, 34 mmol) and refluxing for 24 hours to afford the desired product (7.07 g, 65%) as white needles, mp 126-129 ºC. 1H NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 1.38 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.40 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H ), 4.35 (q, J 7.1 Hz, 4H), 7.34 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.55 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.04 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 9.58 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (DMSO-d6+CDCl3) d 14.29, 14.47, 60.35, 60.98, 75.69, 119.39, 126.40, 131.13, 140.52, 162.49, 165.62, 166.92. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1:3278, 2984, 2761, 1716, 1683, 1601, 1575, 1278, 1184, 1104, 1021, 798. Anal. Calc. for C15H16N2O6 : C, 56.25; H, 5.00; N, 8.75%; Found: C, 55.08; H, 4.92; N, 8.92%.

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-3-phenylamino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (9a)

Ethyl 3-phenylamino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8a) (100 mg, 0.4 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzoxazole (62 mg, 0.4 mmol) were refluxed in chloroform (5 mL) for 24 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give colourless oil, the residue was recrystallized from ethanol to afford ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-3-phenylamino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate as white needles (51 mg, 35%), mp 114-116 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.40 (t, J 7.0 Hz, 3H), 4.41 (q, J 7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.94 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.11 (t, J 7.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.17 (d, J 7.5 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.27 (t, J 7.6 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.34 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.42 (d, J 8.0 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.46 (d, J 7.7 Hz, 1H, Ar), 9.96 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.78, 61.54, 79.11, 111.26, 120.98, 122.85, 125.83, 127.26, 129.76, 135.63, 139.71, 150.04, 151.58, 164.55, 165.21. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3270, 2990, 1784, 1668, 1628, 1489, 1201, 1030, 761, 704. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 365 (M+, 13), 321 [(M-CO2), 14], 276 (32), 275 (100), 236 (32), 217 (11), 216 (62), 145 (23), 144 (82), 78 (17), 77 (76), 44 (42), 29 (58).

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-3-(4-bromophenylamino)-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (9b)

This compound was prepared as described for (9a) using the corresponding isoxazolone (8b) (100 mg, 0.31 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzoxazole (47 mg, 0.31 mmol) and recrystalizing from ethanol to afford the desired product as white needles (71 mg, 52%), mp 151-153 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.45 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H), 4.44 (q, J 7.1 Hz, 2H), 7.11 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.30 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.36 (t, J 7.7 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.42 (t, J 7.4 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.51 (d, J 8.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.54 (d, J 8.0 Hz, 1H, Ar), 9.99 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.76, 61.70, 79.68, 111.35, 120.60, 121.06, 124.30, 126.02, 127.35, 132.92, 134.97, 139.72, 150.12, 151.60, 163.61, 164.38, 165.24. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3238, 2978, 1786, 1672, 1627, 1204, 786, 746. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 443 [(M+ + 2), 3], 441 (M+, 3), 399 [(M-CO2), 26], 397 [(M-CO2), 26], 355 (21), 353 (21), 275 (28), 274 (95), 246 (21), 216 (36), 173 (24), 145 (33), 117 (40), 102 (30), 90 (41), 77 (37), 44 (30), 43 (68), 29 (100).

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-yl)-3-(4-methylphenylamino)-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (9c)

This compound was prepared as described for (9a) using the corresponding isoxazolone (8c) (100 mg, 0.38 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzoxazole (58 mg, 0.38 mmol) and recrystalizing from ethanol to afford the desired product as white needles (61 mg, 42 %), mp 129-131 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.45 (t, J 7.1 Hz, 3H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 4.45 (q, J 7.1 Hz, 2H), 6.92 (d, J 7.9 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.08 (d, J 7.9 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.33 (t, J 7.7 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.40 (t, J 8.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.47 (d, J 8.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.53 (d, J 7.9 Hz, 1H, Ar), 9.90 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.81, 21.11, 61.50, 78.91, 111.27, 121.08, 122.94, 125.74, 127.13, 130.29, 132.99, 137.44, 139.91, 150.15, 151.76, 164.01, 164.85, 165.38. FT-IR (KBr) nmax/cm-1: 3267, 1790, 1683, 1667, 1632, 1561, 1514, 1356, 1293, 1201, 1030, 985, 791. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 379 (M+, 7), 335 [(M-CO2), 34], 290 (23), 289 (100), 251 (11), 250 (46), 230 (57), 158 (60), 117 (55), 91 (100), 77 (44), 65 (50), 44 (9), 29 (66).

Ethyl 2-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-phenylamino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-4-carboxylate (10a)

This compound was prepared as lit.14 procedure.

Ethyl 2-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-bromophenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-4-carboxylate (10b)

Ethyl 3-(4-bromophenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydroisoxazole-4-carboxylate (8b) (100 mg, 0.3 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzothiazole (51 mg, 0.3 mmol) were refluxed in chloroform (5 mL) for 48 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give colourless oil, which was solidified on standing, the residue was recrystallized from ethanol to afford the desired product as white needles (74 mg, 52%), mp 172-174 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.34 (t, J 6.9 Hz, 3H), 4.33 (q, J 6.9 Hz, 2H), 7.1 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.36 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.40 (td, J 7.5 Hz, J 1.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.46 (td, J 7.2 Hz, J 1.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.67 (d, J 7.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.81 (d, J 7.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 10.16 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.31, 61.14, 79.10, 119.70, 121.62, 122.98, 123.93, 126.03, 127.10, 132.27, 136.00, 149.08, 157.19, 161.43, 163.02, 163.94. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3188, 2971, 1783, 1696, 1602, 1556, 1515, 1371, 1204, 764 cm-1. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 461 [(M+ + 2), 4], 459 (M+, 4), 417 [(M-CO2), 31], 415 [(M-CO2), 30], 371 (25), 369 (23), 291 (23), 290 (100), 263 (12), 262 (26), 224 (11), 177 (14), 161 (16), 135 (11), 134 (15), 108 (10), 29 (13) and HRMS m/z 458.98883 (C19H14BrN3O4 S requires 458.98884).

Ethyl 2-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-methylphenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-4-carboxylate (10c)

This compound was prepared as described for (10b) using the corresponding isoxazolones (8c) (70 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzothiazole (51 mg, 0.27 mmol) to afford the desired product as white needles (45 mg, 52%), after recrystalization from ethanol, mp 138-140 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.35 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 4.27 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.00 (d, J 8.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.07 (d, J 7.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.27 (d, J 6.9 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.30-7.52 (m, 2H, Ar), 7.69 (d, J 8.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.87 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.93 (d, J 8.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 9.21 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.46, 20.88, 60.47, 75.55, 121.12, 121.76, 122.53, 122.85, 125.81, 126.74, 126.93, 129.74, 130.43, 132.68, 136.45, 164.51, 165.41, 167.25. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3218, 3075, 1979, 1778, 1708, 1573, 1448, 1390, 1201, 726.

Ethyl 2-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-4-carboxylate (10d)

This compound was prepared as described for (10b) using the corresponding isoxazolones (8d) (100 mg, 0.34 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzothiazole (58 mg, 0.34 mmol) to afford the desired product as pale yellow (78 mg, 53%), after recrystalization from ethanol, mp 169-171 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.38 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 4.34 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.36 (d, J 9.0 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.40 (td, J 6.9 Hz, J 1.0 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.45 (td, J 6.7Hz, J 1.0 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.60 (dd, J 8.7 Hz, J 1.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.83 (dd, J 8.4 Hz, J 1.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 8.16 (d, J 9.0 Hz, 2H, Ar), 10.51 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH).13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.31, 61.50, 80.56, 121.45, 121.70, 122.84, 124.93, 126.18, 127.27, 132.93, 142.79, 144.83, 148.92, 157.09, 160.55, 163.78. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3203, 3072, 2981, 1783, 1698, 1604, 1558, 1514, 1375, 1339, 760. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 426 (M+, 7), 382 [(M-CO2), 86], 336 (43), 291 (26), 290 (100), 262 (41), 235 (11), 189 (16), 177 (19), 161 (41), 160 (23), 150 (26), 135 (19), 134 (39), 108 (16), 90 (24), 44 (18), 29 (25).

Ethyl 2-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl) amino-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-4-carboxylate (10e)

This compound was prepared as described for (10b) using the corresponding isoxazolones (8e) (100 mg, 0.31 mmol) and 2-chlorobenzothiazole (53 mg, 0.31 mmol) to afford the desired product as white prisms (65 mg, 46%), after recrystalization from ethanol, mp 157-159 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.24 (t, J 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.35 (t, J 7.0 Hz, 3H), 4.31 (q, J 7.0 Hz, 4H), 7.26 (d, J 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.36 (d, J 7.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.41 (d, J 6.6 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.62 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.79 (d, J 8.1 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.93 (d, J 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 10.35 (s, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.24, 14.28, 61.13, 61.21, 79.73, 121.10, 121.61, 122.98, 127.05, 127.90, 130.73, 133.19, 140.86, 149.04, 157.21, 161.01, 162.88, 163.87, 165.48. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1:3448, 3072, 2980, 1801, 1713, 1689, 1602, 1574, 1384, 1276, 762.

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (11a)

The isoxazolone (9a) (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room temperature and resulting precipitate was collected to afford ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate as white needles (36 mg, 41%), mp 178-180 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.58 (t, J 6.9 Hz, 3H), 4.50 (q, J 6.9 Hz, 2H), 7.05 (t, J 7.3 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.35 (t, J 8.3 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.40 (t, J 7.9 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.57 (d, J 8.0 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.64-7.71 (m, 2H, Ar), 7.99 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.80 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 15.26, 60.67, 112.50, 118.58, 122.36, 124.34, 125.15, 127.95, 129.52, 140.51, 150.31, 155.52. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3330, 2978, 1656, 1629, 1619, 1600, 1527, 1485, 1468, 1268, 1193, 740. Anal. Calc. for C18H15N3O3 : C, 67.28; H, 4.71; N, 13.08%; Found: C, 67.10; H, 4.58; N, 13.31%.

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-5-bromo-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (11b)

The isoxazolone (9b) (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room tempreture and resulting precipitate was collected to afford ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-5-bromo-1H-indole-3 -carboxylate as white needles (40 mg, 44%), mp 156-158 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.58 (t, J 6.9 Hz, 3H), 4.55 (q, J 6.9 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (t, J 7.6 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.42 (t, J 7.7 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.44 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.58 (bd, J 7.6 Hz, 3H, Ar), 7.99 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.80 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 15.25, 60.82, 112.60, 114.48, 116.88, 117.42, 120.01, 124.53, 125.24, 127.84, 132.37, 139.62, 150.30, 155.34. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3323, 2979, 1658, 1618, 1599, 1571, 1485, 1274, 1193, 750. GC-MS (EI, 70 ev): m/z (%) 401 [(M+ + 2), 59], 399 (M+, 57), 257 (36), 274 (100), 246 (16), 218 (10), 102 (14), 90 (11), 76 (10), 29 (10).

Ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-5-methyl-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (11c)

The isoxazolone (9c) (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room tempreture and resulting precipitate was collected to afford ethyl 2-(benzoxazol-2-ylamino)-5-methyl-1H-indole-3 -carboxylate as white needles (42 mg, 48%), mp 166-168 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.57 (t, J 7.0 Hz, 3H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 4.54 (q, J 7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.19 (d, J 8.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.35 (t, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.40 (t, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.55 (s, 1H, Ar), 7.57 (d, J 8.0 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.0 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.7 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 15.28, 21.12, 60.58, 112.46, 116.08, 118.86, 124.23, 125.12, 128.01, 130.01, 131.94, 137.93, 150.29, 155.63. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3321, 2985, 1675, 1613, 1573, 1514, 1477, 1451, 1418, 1266, 1161, 1073, 738. Calc. for C19H17N3O3 : C, 68.05; H, 5.11; N, 12.53%; Found: C, 67.91; H, 4.97; N, 12.32%.

Ethyl 2-phenylaminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate (12a)

This compound was prepared as lit.14 procedure.

Ethyl 2-(4-bromophenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate (12b)

The isoxazolone (10b) (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room tempreture and resulting precipitate was colleted to afford ethyl 2-(4-bromophenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate as white needles (51 mg, 57%), mp 179-181 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.55 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 4.53 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.35 (t, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.43 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.47 (t, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.56 (d, J 8.7 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.69 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 8.62 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.83 (bd, J 7.5 Hz, 1H, Ar). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.70, 60.63, 113.90, 116.82, 119.77, 123.58, 124.53, 126.45, 128.69, 130.32, 131.92, 134.38, 139.44, 151.80, 155.75, 160.32. FT-IR (KBr) nmax/cm-1: 3307, 2982, 1642, 1603, 1561, 1427, 1370, 1274, 1170, 1089, 756. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 417 [(M+ + 2), 45], 415 (M+, 43), 371 (16), 369 (15), 290 (100), 263 (19), 262 (34), 161 (10), 134 (10), 102 (11). Anal. Calc. for C18H14BrN3O2 S: C, 51.92; H, 3.36; N, 10.06%; Found: C, 51.78; H, 3.18; N, 10.14% and HRMS m/z 414.99900 (C18H14BrN3O2 S requires 414.99901).

Ethyl 2-(4-methylphenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate (12c)

The isoxazolone (10c) (100mg, 0.26 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room temperature and resulting precipitate was colleted to afford ethyl 2-(4-methylphenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate as white needles (35 mg, 40%), mp 141-143 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.55 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 4.58 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.17 ( d, J 8.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.34 (td, J 7.5 Hz, J 1.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.46 (td, J 7.2 Hz, J 1.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.53 (d, J 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar), 7.69 ( d, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 8.47 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH), 8.87 (bd, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.72, 20.762, 60.43, 117.01, 118.77, 120.44, 123.50, 124.30, 126.38, 128.92, 129.61, 131.55, 134.85, 137.71. 154.10, 162.30. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1:3315, 2969, 1643, 1601, 1565, 1427, 1371, 1271, 1168, 1087, 757, 748.

Ethyl 2-(4-nitrophenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate (12d)

The isoxazolone (10d) (100 mg, 0.24 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room tempreture and resulting precipitate was colled to afford ethyl 2-(4-nitrophenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3 -carboxylate as yellow needles (48 mg, 53%), mp 221-223 ºC (decomposed). 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.59 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 4.58 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.41 (t, J 7.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.51 (t, J 7.5 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.75 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.81 (d, J 9.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.24 (d, J 9.1 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.84 (bd, J 8.4 Hz, 1H, Ar), 9.18 (bs, exchanged by D2O addition, 1H, NH).13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.66, 61.11, 116.79, 123.77, 125.01, 125.58, 126.62, 127.79, 128.85, 130.67, 134.16, 146.23, 161.26. FT-IR (KBr) nmax/cm-1: 3286, 2979, 1648, 1600, 1573, 1322, 1281, 1110, 757. GC-MS (EI, 70ev): m/z (%) 382 ( M+, 88), 336 (11), 291 (24), 290 (100), 263 (16), 262 (43), 161 (19), 160 (14), 134 (14), 76 (10), 29 (16).

Ethyl 2-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate( 12e)

The isoxazolone (10e) (100 mg, 0.25 mmol) and triethylamine (0.2 mL) were refluxed in ethanol (10 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool to room tempreture and resulting precipitate was colleted to afford ethyl 2-(4-ethoxycarbonylphenyl)aminoimidazo[2,1-b]benzothiazole-3-carboxylate as white needles (54 mg, 60%), mp 191-193 ºC. 1H NMR (CDCl3) d 1.41 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.56 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 3H), 4.43 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.53 (q, J 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.35 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.47 (t, J 7.2 Hz, 1H, Ar), 7.70 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 3H, Ar), 8.02 (d, J 7.8 Hz, 2H, Ar), 8.83 (bd, J 8.1 Hz, 2H). 13C NMR (CDCl3) d 14.41, 14.65, 60.54, 60.78, 116.84, 123.01, 123.60, 124.65, 126.45, 128.77, 131.03, 134.30, 144.45, 147.01, 151.86, 160.23, 166.48. FT-IR (KBr) nmax /cm-1: 3393, 2978, 1716, 1691, 1601, 1563, 1461, 1421, 1375, 1174, 1085, 754.

 

Acknowledgments

We thank Urmia University for financial support.

 

References

1. Ulrich, H.; Tilley, J. N.; Sayigh, A. A.; J. Org. Chem. 1962, 27, 2160.        [ Links ]

2. Desarlo, F.; Renzi, G.; Tetrahedron 1966, 22, 2995.        [ Links ]

3. Woodman, D. J.; Stonebraker, P. M.; Weiler, L.; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1976, 98, 6036.        [ Links ]

4. Woodman, D. J.; Campbell, W. H.; Derose, E. F.; Heterocycles 1977, 7, 247.        [ Links ]

5. Bossio, R.; Marcaccini, S.; Pepino, R.; Paoli, P.; J. Heterocyclic. Chem. 1993, 30, 33.        [ Links ]

6. Donati, C.; Janowski, W. K.; Prager, R. H.; Taylor, M. R.; Vilkins, L. M.; Aust. J. Chem. 1989, 42, 2161.        [ Links ]

7. Prager, R. H.; Rosenzweig, T. K.; Singh, Y.; Aust. J. Chem. 1992, 45, 1825.        [ Links ]

8. Prager, R. H.; Razzino, P.; Aust. J. Chem. 1994, 47, 1673.        [ Links ]

9. Baradarani, M. M.; Clark, A.; Prager, R. H.; Aust. J. Chem. 1998, 51, 491.        [ Links ]

10. Doleschall, G.; Tetrahedron Lett. 1988, 29, 6339.        [ Links ]

11. Khalafy, J.; Prager, R. H.; J. Sci. I. R. Iran 2000, 11, 32.        [ Links ]

12. Khalafy, J.; Molla Ebrahimlo, A. R.; Eisavi, R.; Akbari Dilmaghani, K.; Arkivoc 2005, xiv, 59.        [ Links ]

13. Khalafy, J.; Prager, R. H.; Smith, J. A.; J. Chem. Res(M). 1999, 518.        [ Links ]

14. Khalafy, J.; Molla Ebrahimlo, A. R.; Akbari Dilmaghani, K.; J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 2004, 51, 1347.        [ Links ]

15. Worrall, D. E.; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1923, 45, 3092.        [ Links ]

16. Zvilichovsky, G.; Gurvich, V.; Segev, S.; J. Org. Chem. 1995, 60, 5250.        [ Links ]

17. Tuteja, N.; Pham, T.; Tuteja, R.; Ocham, A.; Falaschi, A.; Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1997, 236, 636.        [ Links ]

18. Stiborova, M.; Bieler, C. A.; Wiessler, M.; Frei, E.; Biochem. Pharmacol. 2001, 62, 1675.        [ Links ]

19. Perrin, D. D.; Armarego, W. L. F.; Purification of Laboratory Chemicals, Pergamon Press: Oxford, U.K., 1988.        [ Links ]

20. Jeffery, D.; Prager, R. H.; Turner, D.; Dreimanis, M.; Tetrahedron 2002, 58, 9965.        [ Links ]

 

 

Received: December 6, 2005
Published on the web: April 12, 2006

 

 

* e-mail: jkhalafi@yahoo.com; j.khalafi@mail.urmia.ac.ir