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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

versión impresa ISSN 0103-5053

J. Braz. Chem. Soc. vol.21 no.1 São Paulo  2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532010000100011 

ARTICLE

 

Synthesis of a novel series of 4-arylpiperazinyl derivatives linked to a 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole as new Delavirdine analogues

 

 

David Pessoa-MahanaI, *; Andrés NúñezI; Christian EspinosaI; Jaime Mella-RaipánI; Hernán Pessoa-MahanaII

IDepartamento de Farmacia, Facultad de Química, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
IIDepartamento de Química Orgánica y Físico-Química, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 233, Santiago 1, Chile

 

 


ABSTRACT

The synthesis of a series of substituted arylpiperazines linked to a 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole scaffold through an alkylic linker is reported. The novel 1-(2-(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)alkyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole derivatives are structurally related to the anti-HIV-1 drug Delavirdine and belong to the bis(heteroaryl)piperazines family (BHAPs), a well known HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors group.

Keywords: arylpiperazinyl derivatives, benzo[d]imidazole, delavirdine analogues, alkylation


RESUMO

A síntese de uma série de arilpiperazinas ligadas à estrutura 2-(piridina-3-il)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol, através de um linker alquílico é relatada. Os novos derivados 1-(2-(4-arilpiperazina-1-il)alquil)-2-(piridina-3-il)-1H-benzimidazol são estruturalmente relacionados à droga anti-HIV-1 Delavirdina e pertencem à família bis(heteroaril)piperazinas (BHAPs), um conhecido grupo de inibidores da transcriptase reversa HIV-1.


 

 

Introduction

Non nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) such as nevirapine, have been approved for the treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).1 A major limitation of such treatment is the emergence of resistant virus with specific mutations in the reverse transcriptase (RT) gene. Therefore, the development of new active compounds has been the focus in many laboratories.2,3

The efforts along this line led to the discovery of the bis-(heteroaryl)piperazine (BHAP) class of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.4,5 Delavirdine, a BHAP derivative and first-generation NNRTI is displayed in Figure 1.6

A variety of papers reporting the synthesis of Delavirdine analogues have been published up to the date.7,8 However, structural modifications have been mainly focused on the 4-heteroaryl piperazyne moiety, being the substitution of the indol ring by other heterocycles less explored.9 To the best of our knowledge, there is not any report about the synthesis of BHAPs containing benzimidazole as the heterocyclic framework. The main reason we adopted to use benzimidazole framework, is the well known bioisosteric equivalence of this ring, respect to 1(H)-Indole. Besides, preliminary docking studies carried out by our research group supported this bioisosteric change.

In this paper, we describe the synthesis of a new BHAP series combining two scaffolds, the 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole and substituted 4-arylpiperazines linked by methilenic spacers. The structural similitude between Delavirdine and the target compounds is displayed in Figure 1.

 

Results and Discussion

The Delavirdine analogues 5(a-k) were prepared according to the retrosynthetic strategy displayed in scheme 1. We developed a general and useful synthesis of substituted 4-arylpiperazinyl ethyl (propyl) alcohol scaffolds 3(a-k), which were utilized for coupling reactions with 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole 4 leading to the desires substituted target compounds.

The intermediate arylpiperazinyl building blocks 3(a-k) were synthesized as follows. Treatment of the appropriate substituted arylpiperazine 1 with 1-bromoethanol (1-bromopropanol) in acetone at room temperature, gave the corresponding alcohols 2(a-k) in 40-54% yield along with the ethers 6 and 7 as minority side products (Scheme 2). The alcohols were easily purified by column chromatography, showing the characteristics hydroxyl spectral signals (IR:3590-3644 cm-1; 1 H-NMR, broad singlet δOH 2.86-3.87). The 1H-NMR spectra displayed also the piperazine and the methylene protons at high field (δCH2 1.70-3.87), supporting the presence of these functions.

Reaction of the alcohols 2a-k with mesyl chloride and triethylamine in dichlorometane at 0 °C provided the respective mesylated alcohols 3a-k in moderate to good yields (Scheme 2). The mesylation was mainly deduced by their IR spectra (absence of the hydroxyl signal and presence of the two characteristic SO2 signals at 1348 and 1173 cm-1) and their 1H-NMR spectra which displayed the singlet for the methyl group protons at δ: 2.78-3.08 ppm. Interestingly, the chloroethyl arylpiperazines 3b' and 3e' were obtained instead of the expected mesylated products. A plausible mechanistic pathway (Scheme 3) probably involves the formation of an aziridinium intermediate generated by intramolecular attack of the basic piperazinic nitrogen followed by an SN2 attack of the chloride anion.

Benzimidazole 4 was efficiently obtained by condensation of o-phenylenediamine 8 with 3-pyridine-carboxaldehyde in ethanol at room temperature. According to the literature,8 the generation of benzimidazole 4 may be assumed to proceed through a three-step sequence:

a) nucleophilic attack of the amino group onto the carbonylic carbon to give the imine intermediate 9,

b) intramolecular cyclization of 9 to the benzimidazolydine intermediate 10, and c) aerobic oxidation to provide the benzimidazole ring 4 (Scheme 4).

Alkylation of the obtained benzimidazole moiety was readily accomplished using NaOH as the base in acetonitrile. As is shown is scheme 4, coupling of the benzimidazole anion with substituted alkyl arylpiperazines in the presence of triethylamine in acetonitrile at room temperature for 12 h, provided target compounds 5(a-k) (Table 1) in low to moderate yields. 1H-NMR analysis of 5a displayed the four characteristic high field signals corresponding to the methylene protons of piperazine ring (δ:3.10 and 2.50 ppm) and the linker chain (δ:4.40 and 2.84 ppm), along with four aromatic doublets at low field (δ: 9.10, 8.78, 8.22 and 7.92 ppm ) typical of the pyridine ring attached to the 1H-benzimidazole system.

 

 

In summary, a convenient method for the synthesis of 1-(2-(4-Arylpiperazin-1-yl)alkyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole derivatives has been provided. Further studies on the application will be reported in due course.

 

Experimental

All organic solvents used for the synthesis were of analytical grade. IR spectra were recorded on a Brucker Vector 22 spectrophotometer using KBr discs. 1H and 13C NMR spectra were obtained on Brucker APC-200 spectrometer using tetramethylsilane as internal reference. Column chromatography was performed on Merck silica gel 60 (70-230 mesh). Thin layer chromatography separations were performed on Merck Kiesselgel 60 (70-230 mesh). Elemental analyses were carried out on a FISONS EA 1108 CHNS-O analyzer.

Synthesis of arylpiperazinyl alcohols 2(a-k). General procedure

A mixture of the commercial 4-arylpiperazines (6 mmol) and bromoethanol (bromopropanol) (6 mmol) and triethylamine (6 mmol) was stirred for 24 h in acetone (30 mL) at room temperature. The precipitate was filtered off and the filtrate was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 × 50 mL), subsequently dried over anhydrous MgSO4 and evaporated under vacuum conditions. Column chromatography of the residue over silica gel (eluent EtOAc) afforded the corresponding alcohols. Spectral data for 2-(4-Arylpiperazin-1-yl) alcohols derivatives 2a-2c, 2e, 2g-2i and 2k were consistent with the assigned structures.10

2-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethanol (2d)

Yellow oil (40%), IR νmax/cm-1: 3590 (OH), 1529 (NO2),1292 (NO2). 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.99 (d, 2H, J 8.1 Hz, H-3,5), 6.78 (d, 2H, J 8.9Hz, H-2,6), 3.63 (t, 2H, J 9.8Hz, CH2-1), 3.57-2.89 (m, 5H, 2×CH2 pip., OH), 2.59-2.55 (m, 6H, 2×CH2 pip.,CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 154.7, 137.8, 2×25.8, 2 ×112.5, 59.6, 58.2, 2×52.5, 2 × 46.8. Anal. Calc. for C12H17N3O3 : C, 57.36; H, 6.82; N, 16.72. Found: C, 57.70; H, 7.01; N, 16.66%.

2-(4-(Pyrazin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)ethanol (2f)

Yellow oil (44%), IR νmax/cm-1: 3644 (OH), 1348 (C-N); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 8.39 (s, 1H, H-2), 7.97 (m, 1H, H-6), 7.49 (d, 1H, J 6.24Hz, H-5), 3.56-3.51 (m, 6H, 2×CH2 pip., CH2-1), 2.86 (1H, b.s., OH), 2.60-2.55 (m, 6H, 2×CH2 pip., CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 157.7, 130.9, 110, 65.1, 62.7, 57.8, 2×52.8, 2×46.6. Anal. Calc. for C10H16N4O: C, 57.67; H, 7.74; N, 26.90. Found: C, 57.55; H, 7.75; N, 26.82%.

3-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propan-1-ol (2j)

Yellow oil (54%), IR νmax/cm-1: 3630 (OH), 1527 (NO2); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 8.11 (d, 2H, J 11 Hz, H-3,5), 6.80 (d, 2H, J 9.4Hz, H-2,6), 3.87-3.84 (m, 3H, CH2-1, OH), 3.53-3.44 (m, 4H, 2 × CH2-pip.), 2.60 (m, 6H, 2×CH2-pip., CH2-3), 1.70 (m, 2H, CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 154.7, 138.5, 2×125.9, 2×112.7, 58.3, 2×52.7, 52.4, 2×46.9, 28.7. Anal. Calc. for C13H19N3O3 : C, 58.85; H, 7.22; N, 15.84; Found: C, 58.52; H, 7.34; N, 16.01%.

Synthesis of 2-(4-Arylpiperazinyl) alkyl methanesulphonate derivatives 3(a-k). General procedure

Alcohols 2a-k (2.4 mmol) were added to a solution of methanesulfonyl chloride (2.5 mmol) in dichloromethane (15 mL) and triethylamine (2.5 mmol) at 0 ºC. The mixture was maintained with stirring for 4 h and then concentrated in vacuo. Purification of the crude by column chromatography CH2Cl2 / AcOEt (1:2) as the eluent, afforded the title compounds (3a-k) as yellow oils in moderated yields (35-50%).

2-(4-Phenylpiperazin-1-yl)ethyl methanesulphonate (3a)

(48%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1347(SO2), 1172 (SO2); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.30 (t, 2H, J 8.0 Hz, H-3, 5), 6.94 (m, 3H, H-2,4,6), 3.83 (t, 2H, J 7.0 Hz, CH2-1), 3.44-3.20 (m, 4H, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.98 (s, 3H, CH3), 2.89 (t, 2H, J 7.2 Hz, CH2-2), 2.70 (t, 4H, J 5.1Hz, 2×CH2 pip.); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 151.2, 2×129.3, 119.9, 2×116.1, 65.3, 59.8, 2×53.2, 2×49.4, 37.1. Anal. Calc. for C13H20N2O3 S: C, 54.91; H, 7.09; N, 9.85. Found: C, 55.02; H, 7.11; N, 10.02%.

1-(2-Chloroethyl)-4-(2-fluorophenyl)piperazine (3b')

(35%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1007 (C-F), 728 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.18-6.85 (m, 3H, H-3,4,5), 6.68-6.57 (m, 1H, H-6), 3.73 (t, 2H, J 13.5 Hz, CH2-1), 3.25 (t, 4H, J 9.5 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.89 (m, 6H, 2×CH2 pip.,CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 158.16 (d, 2C, JC-F 337 Hz), 151,78 , 124.6, 123.1, 122.9, 119.1, 116.4, 115.9, 59.5, 2×53.2, 2×49.7, 39.9. Anal. Calc. for C12H16ClFN2: C, 59.38; H, 6.64; N, 11.54. Found: C, 59.49; H, 6.67; N, 11.38%.

2-[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl methane-sulphonate (3c)

(38%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1349 (SO2), 1173 (SO2), 933 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.30 (d, 2H, J 8.4 Hz, H-3,5), 6.91 (d, 2H, J 8.4 Hz, H-2,6), 4.18 (m, 2H, CH2-1), 3.52-3.37 (m, 4H, 2×CH2 pip.), 3.32-2.80 (m, 9H, 2×CH2 pip.,CH2-2, CH3); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 149.3, 130.9, 2×129.4, 2×118.6, 66.2, 2×52.6, 2×49.7, 38.7, 29.7. Anal. Calc. for C13H19ClN2O3 S: C, 48.97; H, 6.01; N, 8.79. Found: C, 49.05; H, 6.14; N, 8.72%.

2-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl methane-sulphonate (3d)

(35%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1348 (SO2), 1173 (SO2), 1529,1292 (NO2).; 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 8.20 (d, 2H, J 7.9Hz, H-3,5), 6.90 (d, 2H, J 7.2 Hz, H-2,6), 3.81 (t, 2H, J 11.5Hz, CH2-1), 3.52-3.39 (m, 4H, 2×CH2 pip), 3.29-2.78 (m, 9H, 2xCH2 pip.,CH2-2, CH3); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 153.8, 137.5, 2×125.8, 2×113.7, 63.4, 55.2, 2×52.6, 2×50.1, 37.9. Anal. Calc. for C13H19N3O5 S: C, 47.41; H, 5.81; N, 12.76. Found: C, 47.12; H, 5.61; N, 12.59%.

1-(2-Chloroethyl)-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)piperazine (3e')

(37%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2835 (CO-CH3), 728 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.22 (dd, 1H, J1 8.3 Hz, J2 2.6 Hz, H-5), 6.61-6.22 (m, 3H, H-4,5,6), 3.82-3.71 (m, 5H, CH2-2, OCH3), 3.60 (t, 2H, J 11.9 Hz, CH2-1), 3.38-3.20 (m, 4H, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.67 (t, 4H, J 10 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 160.6, 152.5, 129.8, 108.9, 104.6, 102.6, 97.34, 59.7, 55.2, 2×53.1, 2×49.3, 37.9. Anal. Calc. for C14H19ClN2O: C, 61.29; H, 7.52; N, 11.00. Found: C, 60.94; H, 7.65; N, 11.32%.

2-(4-Pyrazin-2-yl-piperazin-1-yl)ethyl methanesulphonate (3f)

(37%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1347 (SO2), 1171 (SO2); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 13C NMR (CDCl3) δ 8.35 (s, 1H, H-6), 8.08 (d, 1H, J 8 Hz, H-4), 6.44 (d, 1H, J 8.5 Hz, H-3), 4.26 (t, 2H, J 11.0 Hz, CH2-1), 3.80 (m, 4H, 2 × CH2 pip), 3.03-2.86 (m, 5H, CH2-2, CH3), 2.63-2.48 (m, 4H, 2 × 2 × CH2 pip). 13C RMN (CDCL3) δ 162.3, 159.1, 156.5, 103.6, 53.6, 2×52.0, 2×49.8, 46.7, 42.1. Anal. Calc. for C11H18N4O3 S: C, 46.14; H, 6.34; N, 19.57. Found: C, 45.94; H, 6.45; N, 19.82%.

3-[4-(3-Methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl methane-sulphonate (3g)

(35%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1347 (SO2), 1173 (SO2); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.30 (t, 2H, J 8.4Hz, H-3,5), 6.96 (m, 3H, H-2,4,6), 4.31 (m, 2H, CH2-1), 3.2 (t, 4H, J 5 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.90 (s, 3H, CH3), 2.63-2.43 (m, 6H, 2×CH2-pip., CH2-3), 2.10-1.90 (m, 2H, CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 160.6, 151.1, 129.5, 119.7, 116, 68.5, 55.0, 53.9, 2×53.1, 2×48.9, 37.8, 26.9. Anal. Calc. for C14H22N2O3 S: C, 56.35; H, 7.43; N, 9.39; O. Found: C, 56.47; H, 7.76; N, 9.12%.

3-[4-(2-Fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl methane-sulphonate (3h)

(50%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1348 (SO2), 1170 (SO2), 1010 (C-F); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.28-6.87 (m, 4H, H-3,4,5,6), 3.82 (t, 2H, J 10.2 Hz, CH2-1), 3.47 (m, 4H, 2×CH2-pip.), 3.36-2.92 (m, 9H, 2×CH2-pip., CH2-3, CH3), 2.12-1.90 (m, 2H, CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 158.10 (d, 2C, JC-F 318 Hz), 153.10, 137.5, 124.4, 118.9, 116.2, 115.9, 68.4, 62.4, 59.4, 53.9, 2×53.2, 2×45.5, 39.7, 26.7. Anal. Calc. for C14H21FN2O3 S: C, 53.15; H, 6.69; N, 8.85. Found: C, 52.73; H, 6.66; N, 8.24%.

3-[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl methane-sulphonate (3i)

(50%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1350 (SO2), 1178 (SO2), 938 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.41 (d, 2H, J 12.3 Hz, H-3,5), 6.94 (d, 2H, J 8.8 Hz, H-2,6), 3.71 (t, 2H, J 5.8 Hz,CH2-1), 3.50 (m, 4H, 2×CH2-pip), 3.36-2.92 (m, 6H, 2×CH2-pip., CH2-3), 2.87 (s, 3H, CH3), 2.25-2.00 (m, 2H, CH2-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 147.9, 2×129.4, 126.9, 2×118.5, 66.9, 2×52.1, 2×46.8, 41.6, 39.6, 26.5. Anal. Calc. for C14H21ClN2O3 S: C, 50.52; H, 6.36; N, 8.42. Found C14H21ClN2O3 S: C, 49.97; H, 6.72; N, 8.14%.

3-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl methane-sulphonate (3j)

(46%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1351 (SO2), 1173 (SO2); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 8.11 (d, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, H-3,5), 6.80 (d, 2H, J 9.5 Hz, H-2,6), 4.28 (t, 2H, J 6.2 Hz, H-1), 3.65-3.43 (m, 4H, 2×CH2-pip), 3.32-2.92 (m, 6H, 2×CH2-pip., CH2-2), 2.88 (s, 3H, CH3), 2.26 (t, 2H, J 6.6 Hz, H-2); 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 150.8, 137.9, 2×125.9, 2×112.7, 68.12, 2×52.6, 2×46.9, 37.5, 29.7. Anal. Calc. for C14H21N3O5 S: C, 48.97; H, 6.16; N, 12.24. Found: C, 49.14; H, 6.28; N, 12.09%.

3-[4-(3-Methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl methane-sulphonate (3k)

(37%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1349 (SO2), 1170 (SO2), 2835 (C-H); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.22 (dd, 1H, J1 8.2 Hz, J2 2.86 Hz, H-5), 6.61-6.21 (m, 3H, H-4,5,6), 4.30 (t, 2H, J 6.3 Hz, H-1), 3.82 (d, 3H, J 9.6 Hz, H-2), 3.75 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.25 (t, 4H, J 9.8 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.9-2.5 (m, 6H, CH2-pip, CH2-3), 2.18 (t, 2H, J 6.7 Hz, H-2); 13C-NMR(CDCl3) δ 160.4, 148.2, 129.8, 108.9, 104.6, 102.6, 68.3, 55.2, 53.9, 2×53.1, 2×48.9, 37.3, 26.4. Anal. Calc. for C15H24N2O4 S: C, 54.86; H, 7.37; N, 8.53. Found: C, 54.49; H, 7.65; N, 8.24%.

Synthesis of 1-[2-(4-Arylpiperazin-1-il)alkyl]-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazoles 5a-k. General procedures

A solution of 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole 4 (0.15 g, 0.75 mmol) in acetonitrile was stirred with NaOH for 2 hours. The benzimidazole anion afforded was added to a solution of the corresponding arylpiperazinyl alkyl methanesulphonate derivatives 3 (0.70 mmol) in acetonitrile (12 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours and concentrated in vacuo. Purification of the crude by column chromatography with dichloromethane as the eluent afforded the target compounds 5a-k as yellow oils.

1-[2-(4-Phenylpiperazin-1-yl)ethyl]-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5a)

(45%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2885 (C-H), 1338 (C-N). 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.1 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.22 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.92 (d, 1H, J 8.5 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.53-7.14 (m, 6H, Ar), 6.85 (m, 3H, H-2,4,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, CH2-1), 3.10 (t, 4H, J 4.9 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.84 (t, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, CH2-2), 2.50 (t, 4H, J 5.1 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCL3) δ 151.3, 150.7, 149.9, 143.3, 137.2, 135.6, 2×129.1, 2×123.6, 123.4, 2×120.3, 119.9, 2×116.1, 110.2, 57.2, 2×53.6, 2×48.9, 42.9. Anal. Calc. for C24H25N5: C, 75.17; H, 6.57; N, 18.26. Found: C, 75.36; H, 6.42; N, 18.22%.

1-{2-[4-(2-Fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5b)

(21%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1321 (C-N), 1007 (C-F); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 1.4Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.8 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.24 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.92 (d, 1H, J 7.8 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.62-7.21 (m, 6H, Ar), 7.12-6.85 (m, 2H, H-4,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, CH2-1), 2.97 (t, 4H, J 4.9 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.84 (t, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, CH2-2), 2.50 (m, 4H, J 4.9 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 158.10 (d, 2C, JC-F 318 Hz), 153.10, 151.1, 150.7, 149.9, 143.2, 137.2, 135.6, 124.5, 124.4, 123.6, 123.4, 122.9, 122.7, 122.5, 120.2, 118.9, 116.3, 115.9, 110.2, 57.2, 2×53.7, 2×50.3. Anal. Calc. for C24H24FN5: C, 71.80; H, 6.03; N, 17.44. Found: C, 72.14; H, 6.14; N, 17.62%.

1-{2-[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5c)

(35%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1317 (C-N), 933 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.11 (d, 1H, J 2.1Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4-pyr.), 8.25 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.91 (d, 1H J 7.1 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.54-7.16 (m, 6H Ar) 7.11-6.87 (m, 2H, H-2,6) 4.41 (t, 2H, J 6.4 Hz, CH2-1), 3.10 (t, 4H, J 5 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.88 (t, 2H, J 12 Hz, CH2-2), 2.56 (t, 4H, J 9.8 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 151.7, 150.8, 147.2, 137.2, 134.4, 132.5, 2×128.9, 124,4 123.6, 123.5, 123.4, 122.9, 120.3, 2×117.3, 110.2, 58.2, 57.1, 2×53.5, 2×48.9, 42.9. Anal. Calc. for C24H22ClN5: C, 68.97; H, 5.79; N, 16.76. Found: C, 69.02; H, 5.62; N, 17.00%.

1-{2-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5d)

(46%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1529 (NO2), 1292 (NO2), 1324 (C-N); 1H-NMR(CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 1.5 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.8 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.23 (m, 1H, H-6 pyr.), 8.12 (d, 1H, J 6.5 Hz, H-3,5), 7.91 (d, 1H J 7.1 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.69-7.36 (m, 5H, Ar), 6.89 (d, 2H, J 9.5 Hz, H-2,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 12.6 Hz, CH2-1), 3.15 (t, 4H, J 10.2 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.85 (t, 2H, J 12.6 Hz, CH2-2), 2.50 (t, 4H, J 10.1 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 154.6, 150.7, 149.9, 147.5, 137.2, 134.2, 130.8, 2×125.9, 124.7, 123.6, 123.4, 122.9, 120.4, 2×112.8, 110.1, 58.4, 57,3 2×53.1, 2×47.9, 39.8. Anal. Calc. for C24H24N6O2 : C, 67.27; H, 5.65; N, 19.61. Found: C, 66.93; H, 5.42; N, 19.42%.

1-{2-[4-(3-Methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5e)

(20%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2883 (C-H), 1313 (C-N); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.1 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.22 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.92 (d, 1H J 7.1Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.62-7.12 (m, 5H, Ar), 6.61-6.21 (m, 3H, H-4,5,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 6.6 Hz, CH2-1), 3.86 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.15 (t, 4H, J 5.0 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.84 (t, 2H, J 13 Hz, CH2-2), 2.58 (t, 4H, J 5.1 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 160.6, 152.4, 150.7, 149.9, 147.2, 143.2, 137.2, 135.6, 129.8, 127.3, 123.6, 123.4, 122.9, 120.3, 110.2, 108.9, 104.5, 102.6, 57.2, 55.2, 2×53.6, 2×48.9, 42.9. Anal. Calc. for C25H27N5O: C, 72.61; H, 6.58; N, 16.94. Found: C, 72.76; H, 6.23; N, 16.82%.

1-(2-(4-(Pyrazin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole (5f)

(38%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2856 (C-H), 1311 (C-N); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.1 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.8 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.36-8.21 (m, 2H, H-2 pyr., H-6 pyr.), 7.91 (d, 1H, J 9.0 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.76-7.31 (m, 5H, Ar), 6.50 (t, 1H, J 4.1 Hz, H-6), 4.42 (t, 2H, J 6.6 Hz, CH2-1), 3.17 (t, 4H, J 4.9 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.83 (t, 2H, J 6.4 Hz, CH2-2), 2.49 (t, 4H, J 5 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 162.3, 157.7, 156.2, 150.7, 149.9, 147.5, 143.3, 137.1, 135.6, 129.8, 127.5, 123.4, 122.9, 120.3, 110.7, 110.0, 57.3, 2×53.4, 2×48.4, 42.8. Anal. Calc. for C22H23N7: C, 68.55; H, 6.01; N, 25.44. Found: C, 68.36; H, 6.26; N, 25.23%.

1-[3-(4-Phenylpiperazin-1-yl)propyl]-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5g)

(48%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2875 (C-H), 1306 (C-N); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.2 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.22 (d, 1H, J 8 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.89 (d, 1H, J 9.2 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.53-7.20 (m, 6H, Ar), 6.95 (m, 3H, H-2,4,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 7.8 Hz, CH2-1), 3.16 (t, 4H, J 9.8 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.50 (t, 4H, J 9.9 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.37 (t, 2H, J 6.6 Hz, CH2-3), 1.91 (m, 2H, CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 151.1, 150.7, 150.4, 149.7, 147.6, 143.1, 136.9, 135.7, 134.4, 2×129.4, 127.6, 123.6, 123.1, 122.9, 120.1, 119.8, 2×116.1, 54.6, 2×53.1, 2×49,7, 29.8. Anal. Calc. for C25H27N5: C, 75.54; H, 6.85; N, 17.62. Found: C, 75.31; H, 6.90; N, 17.79%.

1-{3-[4-(2-Fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5h)

(28%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1225 (C-N), 1007 (C-F); 1H-NMR(CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 3Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.80 (d, 1H, J 6.6 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.23 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.91 (d, 1H, J 5.3 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.61-7.21 (m, 6H, Ar), 7.12-6.86 (m, 2H, Ar), 4.41 (t, 2H, J 7.1 Hz, H CH2-1), 3.20 (t, 4H, J 4.5 Hz, CH2-2×CH2-pip.), 2.50 (t, 4H, J 4.9 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.36 (t, 2H, J 6.7 Hz, CH2-3), 1.97 (t, 2H, J 13.8 Hz, CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 158.10 (d, 2C, JC-F 318 Hz), 153.10, 150.7, 147.4, 143.1, 139.1, 136.9, 135.7, 134.4, 127.1, 124.5, 123.9, 123.3, 122.9, 120.1, 118.9, 116.3, 116.9, 115.9, 110.4, 54.7, 2×53.2, 2×50,4, 50.4, 29.9. Anal. Calc. for C25H26FN5: C, 72.27; H, 6.31; N, 16.85. Found: C, 71.99; H, 6.67; N, 16.49%.

1-{3-[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5i)

(38%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1227 (C-N), 933 (C-Cl); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.5 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.8 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.22 (d,1H, J 8.0 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.90 (d, 1H J 7.4 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.52-7.14 (m, 6H, Ar), 7.11-6.87 (m, 2H, H-2,6), 4.41 (m, 2H, H CH2-1), 3.15 (m, 4H, CH2-2×CH2-pip.), 2.48 (m, 4H, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.32 (m, 2H, CH2-3), 2.0 (m, 2H, CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 151.6, 150.8, 147.3, 137.1, 134.5, 132.7, 2×129.0, 127.5, 124,2 123.6, 123.5, 123.3, 122.9, 120.3, 2x118.3, 110.2, 58.4, 57.1, 2×53.7, 2×49.1, 29.7. Anal. Calc. for: C25H26ClN5: C, 69.51; H, 6.07; N, 16.21. Found: C, 69.27; H, 6.14; N,15.99%.

1-{3-[4-(4-Nitrophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5j)

(24%), IR νmax/cm-1: 1530 (NO2), 1296 (NO2). 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 1.5 Hz, d, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.22 (m, 1H, H-6 pyr.), 8.13 (d, 1H, J 6.7 Hz, H-3,5), 7.90 (d, 1H, J 6.9 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.68-7.36 (m, 5H, Ar), 6.89 (d, 2H, J 9.4 Hz, H-2,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 7.1 Hz, CH2-1), 3.23 (t, 4H, J 5.0 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.48 (t, 4H, J 5.2 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.35 (t, 2H, J 6.3 Hz, CH2-3), 2.10 (bs, 2H, J 6.8 Hz, CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 154.6, 150.7, 149.9, 147.5, 137.2, 136.7, 134.2, 130.8, 2×125.9, 124.7, 123.6, 123.4, 122.9, 120.4, 2×112.8, 110.1, 58.4, 57,3 2×53.1, 2×47.9, 22.8. Anal. Calc. for C25H26N6O2 : C, 67.86; H, 5.92; N, 18.99. Found: C, 68.14; H, 5.69; N, 19.23% .

1-{3-[4-(3-Methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]propyl}-2-pyridin-3-yl-1H-benzimidazole (5k)

(33%), IR νmax/cm-1: 2835 (C-H), 1315 (C-N); 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 9.10 (d, 1H, J 2.19 Hz, H-2 pyr.), 8.78 (d, 1H, J 4.9 Hz, H-4 pyr.), 8.21 (d, 1H, J 7.9 Hz, H-6 pyr.), 7.91 (d, 1H, J 5.5 Hz, H-5-pyr.), 7.63-7.13 (m, 5H, Ar), 6.61-6.24 (m, 3H, H-4,5,6), 4.40 (t, 2H, J 7.3 Hz, H CH2-1), 3.86 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.17 (t, 4H, J 5.0 Hz, 2×CH2-pip.), 2.50 (t, 4H, J 5 Hz, 2×CH2 pip.), 2.36 (t, 2H, J 6.5 Hz, CH2-3), 2.0 (b.s., 2H, J 13.8 Hz, CH2-2). 13C-NMR (CDCl3) δ 160.8, 152.3, 150.7, 150.0, 147.2, 143.3, 137.1, 136.6, 135.6, 129.8, 127.3, 123.6, 123.3, 122.9, 120.3, 110.4, 109.0, 104.6, 102.6, 57.3, 55.2, 2×53.6, 2×48.9, 22.9. Anal. Calc. for C26H29N5O: C, 73.04; H, 6.84; N, 16.38. Found: C, 72.89; H, 6.98; N, 16.78%.

 

AcknowledgmentsS

This work was supported by VRAID (grant No. 01/2008).

 

Supplementary Information

Supplementary data are available free of charge at http://jbcs.sbq.org.br, as PDF file.

 

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Received: February 5, 2009
Web Release Date: October 16, 2009

 

 

* e-mail: cpessoa@uc.cl

 

 

Supplementary Information