SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.25On the extant type material of Cardisoma hirtipes Dana, 1851, and Cardisoma obesum Dana, 1851 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Gecarcinidae)New records of association between caridean shrimps (Decapoda) and sponges (Porifera) in Abrolhos Archipelago, northeastern Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Nauplius

On-line version ISSN 2358-2936

Nauplius vol.25  Cruz das Almas  2017  Epub Sep 04, 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2358-2936e2017024 

Short Communication

Distribution of slipper lobsters (Decapoda: Scyllaridae) in Uruguayan waters

Fabrizio Scarabino1 

Allysson P. Pinheiro2  3  * 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1565-6371

William Santana2  3 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3086-4419

1Universidad de la República, Centro Universitario de la Región Este (CURE), Rocha, Uruguay.

2Laboratório de Crustáceos do Semiárido (LACRUSE), Universidade Regional do Cariri - URCA, Crato, Ceará, Brazil.

3Universidade do Sagrado Coração - USC, Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação, 17011-160 Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

Scyllarid lobsters are commonly found in tropical waters with scarce records from temperate zones in the southwestern Atlantic. Here, we provide new information about the distribution of Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963 along the Uruguayan continental shelf and include a new austral record for Scyllarus depressus (Smith, 1881).

Key words Scyllarides deceptor; Scyllarus depressus; continental shelf; temperate waters; south Atlantic

Slipper lobsters are mainly found in tropical waters and records from temperate zones of southwestern Atlantic are rare (Holthuis, 1991; Tavares, 2002; Santana et al., 2007). In the southernmost part of the northern Atlantic Patagonian coast there are only two published records of Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963 (Balech, 1962; Boschi, 1973). Scyllarides deceptor is known to occur from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) to the Buenos Aires Province (Argentina) (Boschi, 1973; Tavares et al., 2009), mainly in soft bottoms between 30 to 300 m of depth (Holthuis, 1991); it is an abundant species in some localities in Brazil (Tavares et al., 2009). Another Scyllaridae, Scyllarus depressus (Smith, 1881), has its southernmost record in Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, see D’Incao, 1999). Contrary to Scyllarides deceptor, Scyllarus depressus is a species not often captured and there are only few deposited specimens from South America waters (see Tavares, 1997 for details). In this sense, we describe the distribution of Scyllarides deceptor along the Uruguayan continental shelf and include a new austral record for Scyllarus depressus.

The material examined was collected during fishing operations conducted along the Uruguayan continental shelf (Fig. 1). All specimens of Scyllarides deceptor and Scyllarus depressus were obtained from sand and/or mud bottoms, preserved in ethanol 70-80%, and deposited in the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Montevideo, Uruguay (MNHNM). Additional material examined belonged to the collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM).

Figure 1 Distribution of Scyllaridae species sampled in Uruguayan waters.  

Material examined.

Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963 (Fig. 2A, B) - São Paulo, Santos, Farol da Moela, F/V ‘Emilia’ 21.ix.1959, 1 male paratype (USNM 105810). Uruguay, F/V ‘Cacique’, 34°43’S 53°25’W, bycatch of Zidona dufresnei (Donovan, 1823), ix.2000, D. Carrizo col., 46 m, 1 female (MNHNM 1950). F/V ‘Sigma’, stn. 8; 34°46’S 52°33’W, in gastropod traps, 24.v.2004, S. Horta col., 70 m, 1 female (MNHNM 1951). 34°52.71’S 53°08.42’W to 34°51.46’S 53°08.90’W, 06.xii.2006, red engel trawl, 45-41 m, 2 females (MNHNM 1952). 35°12.2’S 52°56.7’W to 35°10.9’S 52°54.7’W, 24.iv.2006, red engel trawl, 67-70 m, 1 male (MNHNM 1953).

Figure 2 A, C, Habitus, dorsal view. B, D lateral view. A, B, Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963, female (MNHNM 1952). C, D, Scyllarus depressus (Smith, 1881), female (MNHNM 1964). Scale bars: 1 cm. 

Scyllarus depressus (Fig. 2C, D) - Uruguay, R/V Aldebaran, cruise 2008-02, stn L. 18, 35º51.73’S 54º03.56’W to 35º53.11’S 54º03.78’W, 09.iv.2008, A. Segura, L. Rubio & E. Delfino col., red engel trawl, 61-62 m, 1 female (MNHNM 1964).

In decapods, the information about species distribution is not always supported by documented data and material deposited in scientific collections, which, in some cases, might lead to misinterpretation of the species distribution area. Scyllarides deceptor has a widespread distribution, occurring from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. Melo (1999) recorded only “Argentina” for S. deceptor with a map showing its distribution throughout Tierra del Fuego as the southern limit, which is probably a mistake. A well-documented record for the Argentinian coast was provided by Boschi (1973: 16) who listed one male from the Buenos Aires Province (38°45’S 57°50’W) and confirmed a previous doubtful record by Balech (1962) as Scyllarides brasiliensis Rathbun, 1906. In Uruguayan waters, the only record for Scyllarides deceptor was mentioned by Riestra et al. (2006) as bycatch of Zidona dufresnei (Mollusca, Gastropoda) as the specimen MNHNM 1950 studied here (Fig. 2).

Some morphological variations were observed in the pleura of the second abdominal somite in Scyllarides deceptor. The Uruguayan material presents a posterior margin of the pleura of the second abdominal somite distinctly concave (Fig. 2B), while, at least in some specimens, the Brazilian material (from Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul) have a more convex margin (Fig. 3).

Figure 3 Lateral view of the pleura of the second abdominal somite of Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963. A, female (MNHNM 1952). B, male paratype (USNM 105810). White arrows indicate the differences on the margins. Scale bars: 1 cm. 

Scyllarus depressus was described based on a postlarva (Smith, 1881: 429) causing difficulties in the identification of the adults. As a result, the adults of Scyllarus depressus were mistakenly identified as Scyllarus arctus (Linnaeus, 1758) by some authors (e.g. Doflein, 1900; Moreira, 1903; 1905; Andrade Ramos, 1951). Until now the distribution of Scyllarus depressus ranged from Massachusetts, US to São Paulo State, Brazil (Tavares, 1997). However, references with precise data about this species are very scarce (Doflein, 1900; Moreira, 1903; 1905; De Man, 1916; Luederwaldt, 1929; Vasconsellos, 1938; Andrade Ramos, 1951; Holthuis, 1960; Robertson, 1971; Tavares, 1997; Puciarelli and Rego, 2016). The following publications mention S. depressus for South America, but without any reference of deposited material: Perez and Pezzuto (1998), D’Incao (1999), Melo (1999), Barros and Pimentel (2001), and Serejo et al. (2007).

The new austral record presented here (Fig. 1) not only corroborates the presence of this species in temperate waters of South America, but also confirms that the records southern to São Paulo State in Brazil are plausible, with Uruguay being currently the southernmost record of S. depressus

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE), Museo Nacional de Historia Natural y Antropología (MNHNA), Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos (DINARA) and to Rafael Lemaitre from National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (USNM) for granting access to the collections and for providing working space. We thank Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira for the help with the map preparations. This work was supported by the Fundação Cearense de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico ˗ FUNCAP (grant BP1-0067-00022.01.00/12 to APP) , and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo ˗ FAPESP (grant 2013/01201-0 to WS). This work greatly benefited from the comments of two anonymous reviewers and the Associate Editor Dr. Ingo Wehrtmann

References

Andrade Ramos, F. de P. 1951. Nota sobre Scyllarides brasiliensis Rathbun e sua ocorrência no litoral do Estado de São Paulo. Boletim do Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia, 2: 125-132. [ Links ]

Balech, E. 1962. Nótulas de la Estación Hidrobiológica de Puerto Quequén. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia. Ciencias Zoológicas, 8: 81-87. [ Links ]

Barros, M.P. and Pimentel, F.R. 2001. A fauna de Decapoda (Crustacea) do estado do Pará, Brasil: lista preliminar de espécies. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, série Zoologia, 17: 15-41. [ Links ]

Boschi, E.E. 1973. Nuevo hallazgo de Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis 1963, en aguas Argentinas (Crustacea, Decapoda). Neotropica, 19: 15-17. [ Links ]

de Man, J.G. 1916. The Decapoda of the Siboga Expedition. Part III. Families Eryonidae, Palinuridae, Scyllaridae and Nephropsidae. Siboga Expedition, 39: 1-2. [ Links ]

D’Incao, F. 1999. Famílias Nephropidae e Scyllaridae (lagostas e lagostins marinhos). p. 336-342. In: L. Buckup and G. Bond-Buckup (eds), Os Crustáceos do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Editora da Universidade/UFRGS. [ Links ]

Doflein, F. 1900. Weitere Mitteilungen über dekapode Crustaceen der königlich bayerischen Staatssammlungen. Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-physikalischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, München, 3: 125-145 [ Links ]

Donovan, E. 1823. The Naturalist’s repository, or, Monthly miscellany of exotic natural history. Vol. 1. London. Printed for the author and W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, 1823-1827. [ Links ]

Holthuis, L.B. 1960. Preliminary descriptions of one new genus, twelve new species and three new subspecies of scyllarid lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Macrura). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 73: 147-154. [ Links ]

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, 125(13): 1-292. [ Links ]

Luederwaldt, H. 1929. Resultados de uma excursão científica à ilha de São Sebastião no litoral do Estado de São Paulo em 1925. Revista do Museu Paulista, 16: 1-79. [ Links ]

Melo, G.A.S. 1999. Manual de identificação dos Crustacea Decapoda do litoral brasileiro: Anomura, Thalassinidaea, Palinuridea, Astacidea. São Paulo, Editora Plêiade, 551p. [ Links ]

Moreira, C. 1903. Campanhas de pesca do hiate "Annie" dos Srs. Bandeira & Bravo. Estudos preliminares. Crustaceos. Lavoura, 7: 60- 67. [ Links ]

Moreira, C. 1905. Campanhas de Pesca do “Annie”. Crustaceos. Archivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 8: 123-145. [ Links ]

Perez, J.A. and Pezzuto, P.R. 1998. Valuable shellfish species in the by-catch of shrimp fishery in Southern Brazil: Spatial and temporal patterns. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17: 303-309. [ Links ]

Puciarelli, P. and Rego, A.B.B. 2016. Distribution of Scyllarus depressus (Smith, 1881) (Decapoda: Scyllaridae) off south-southeastern coast of Brazil. Boletim do Laboratório de Hidrobiologia, 26: 36-40. [ Links ]

Riestra, G.; Lozoya, J.P.; Fabiano, G.; Santana, O. and Carrizo, D. 2006. Benthic macroinvertebrate bycatch in the snail Zidona dufresnei (Donovan) fishery from the Uruguayan continental shelf. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 1: 104-113. [ Links ]

Robertson, P.B. 1971. Biological Results of the University of Miami Deep-Sea Expeditions. 84. The larvae and postlarvae of the scyllarid lobster Scyllarus depressus (Smith). Bulletin of Marine Science, 21: 841-865. [ Links ]

Santana, W.; Pinheiro, A.P. and Oliveira, J.E.L. 2007. Additional records of three Scyllarides species (Palinura: Scyllaridae) from Brazil, with the description of the fourth larval stage of Scyllarides aequinoctialis. Nauplius, 15:1-6. [ Links ]

Serejo, C.S.; Young, P.S.; Cardoso, I.C.; Tavares, C.; Rodrigues, C. and Almeida, T.C. 2007. Abundância, diversidade e zonação de crustáceos no talude da costa central do Brasil (11o-22oS) coletados pelo Programa Revizee/Score Central: prospecção pesqueira. In: P.A. Costa; G. Olavo and A.S. Martins (eds) Biodiversidade da fauna marinha profunda da costa central brasileira. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 133-162. [ Links ]

Smith, S.I. 1881. Preliminary notice of the Crustacea dredged in 64 to 325 fathoms, off the south coast of New England, by the United States Fish Commission in 1880.-Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 3: 413-452. [ Links ]

Tavares, M. 1997. Scyllarus ramosae, new species, from the Brazilian continental slope, with notes on congeners occurring in the area (Decapoda: Scyllaridae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 17: 716-724. [ Links ]

Tavares, M. 2002. Lobsters. p. 292-325. In: K.E. Carpenter (ed), The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. Rome, FAO. 2002. [ Links ]

Tavares, M.; Santana, W. and Pinheiro, A.P. 2009. On the type material of Scyllarides deceptor Holthuis, 1963 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Scyllaridae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 49: 539-545. [ Links ]

Vasconsellos, A. 1938. Vocabulário de ictiología e pesca. Recife, Edição da Liga Naval Brasileira, 147p [ Links ]

Received: April 10, 2017; Accepted: June 03, 2017

Corresponding author: Allysson P. Pinheiro. allysson.pinheiro@urca.br

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License