SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.30 issue1Primary central nervous system lymphomaImpact of blood donation on donor iron reserves author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia

Print version ISSN 1516-8484On-line version ISSN 1806-0870

Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. vol.30 no.1 São José do Rio Preto Jan./Feb. 2008

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-84842008000100014 

CARTA AO EDITOR

 

Alternative method of smearing samples on slides facilitate visualization of hemoglobin H inclusion bodies in alpha thalassemia

 

Método alternativo de dispersão das amostras no esfregaço facilita a visualização dos corpos de inclusão de hemoglobina H na talassemia alfa

 

 

Carlos F. MendiburuI; Claudia R. Bonini-DomingosII

Trabalho realizado na Unesp, Campus de São José do Rio Preto - SP, Laboratório de Hemoglobinas e Genética das Doenças Hematológicas (LHGDH), Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas
IUnesp – Ibilce, Depto. de Biologia, Laboratório de Hemoglobinas e Genética das Doenças Hematológicas (LHGDH).

Endereço para correspondência

 

 


RESUMO

Nas talassemias alfa, a HbH pode ser detectada, nos eritrócitos do sangue periférico como inclusões celulares quando coradas com azul crezil brillante. Este teste simples é útil para o diagnóstico de talassemia alfa, no entanto, a identificação dos corpos de inclusão de HbH é um processo laborioso e os resultados são altamente dependentes do observador. No intuito de melhorar a identificação das inclusões, foi testado um método alternativo para espalhar as amostras nas lâminas. Amostras de sangue foram espalhadas nas lâminas usando-se o método clássico e o método alternativo. O método alternativo permitiu uma melhor identificação das inclusões de HbH do que o método clássico. Nossos resultados mostraram que o método alternativo é uma opção útil para a pesquisa dos corpúsculos de inclusão de HbH naquelas amostras onde o método clássico não o permite.

Palavras-chave: Talassemia alfa; inclusões de HbH; azul crezil brilhante; diagnóstico laboratorial.


 

 

Sr. Editor

Alpha thalassemia syndromes are associated with reduced synthesis of a-globin chains and high b-globin chain concentrations; this imbalance induces the formation of beta chain tetramers denominated hemoglobin H (HbH).1 HbH can be detected in peripheral blood erythrocytes as inclusion bodies in cells stained with supravital oxidizing dyes, most commonly brilliant cresyl blue (BCB).2 The number of cells that contain inclusions detected by BCB is related to the alpha thalassemia genotype, i.e. inclusion bodies are more numerous in syndromes with greater excesses of b-globin.3 This simple test is useful for the diagnosis of alpha thalassemia, however, the identification of inclusion bodies is laborious and the results are highly observer dependent.4,5

In an attempt to improve the identification of inclusion bodies, we tested an alternative method of smearing samples on slides.

In this study, twenty blood samples of adult individuals with electrophoretic profiles suggestive of alpha thalassemia were analyzed. Each sample was incubated for 30 and 60 minutes with BCB as described previously6 and smeared on slides using two methodologies: the classical method, in which the samples are smeared on the slides using a spreader slide7 (Figure 1a) and the "alternative" method which consists in covering one drop of a sample on the slide using a cover-slip and spreading the sample by finger pressure, between two sheets of absorbent paper (Figure 1b). The blood smears were examined by light microscopy using the oil immersion technique at 100x amplification. Figures 2 and 3 shows different slides of the same sample obtained using the classical (right) and alternative (left) methods, paired by incubation times of 30 and 60 minutes, respectability. With the slides obtained by the classical method, several larger granules were observed in the cytoplasm of some cells, but inclusion bodies could not be clearly identified. On the other hand, the alternative method allowed a clearer identification of the HbH inclusion bodies. With the smears obtained by the alternative method, the cells had a better definition and the HbH inclusion bodies were more evident and easily distinguishable both after 30 and 60 minutes of incubation, making a more accurate differentiation possible.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identification of HbH inclusion bodies assists in the analysis of alpha thalassemia, making diagnosis conclusive in many cases. However, smears obtained by the classical method do not always clearly identify the corpuscles, hindering diagnosis. Our results showed that this alternative method is a useful option for screening HbH inclusion bodies in samples where the classical method does not always identify them.

 

References

1. Thompson CC, Ali MA, Boyadjian S, et al. Positional effect of cis/trans alpha globin gene deletions on the formation of "H" bodies. Am. J. Hematol. 1989;31(4):242-7.         [ Links ]

2. Sansone G, Sciarratta GV, Ivaldi G, et al. Hb H-like inclusions in red cells of patients with unstable haemoglobin. Haematologica. 1987; 72(6):481-6.         [ Links ]

3. Skogerboe KJ, West SF, Smith C, et al. Screening for alpha-thalassemia. Correlation of hemoglobin H inclusion bodies with DNA-determined genotype. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1992; 116 (10):1012-8.         [ Links ]

4. Lin CK, Gau JP, Hsu HC, et al. Efficacy of a modified improved technique for detecting red cell haemoglobin H inclusions Clin Lab Haematol. 1990;12(4):409-15.         [ Links ]

5. Jones JA, Broszeit HK, Lecrone CN, et al. An improved method for detection of red cell hemoglobin H inclusions. Am J Med Technol 1981;47(2):94-6.         [ Links ]

6. Papayannopuolos, R, Stamatoyannopoulos G. Stains for inclusions bodies. "In standartization of laboratory reagents and methods for detection of hemoglobinopathies". Atlanta: Hew publications, 1974.         [ Links ]

7. Wintrobe MM, Lee GR, Boggs DR, et al. 1974. Clinical Hematology, 7th ed., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA.         [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondência:
Carlos Fabián Mendiburu
LHGDH, Departamento de Biologia, Unesp-Ibilce
Rua Cristóvão Colombo, 2265, Jardim Nazareth
15054-000 – São José do Rio Preto-SP
Fone: +55-17-32212392. Fax: +55-17-32212390
E-mail:fmendiburu@yahoo.com.ar

Recebido: 30/05/2007
Aceito após modificações: 14/09/2007

 

 

Avaliação: Editor e dois revisores externos
Conflito de interesse: não declarado

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License