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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Print version ISSN 1517-8382On-line version ISSN 1678-4405

Braz. J. Microbiol. vol.48 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2017.03.001 

Genome Announcements

Complete genome sequence of the aerobically denitrifying thermophilic bacterium Chelatococcus daeguensis TAD1

Yunlong Yanga 

Ershu Lina 

Shaobin Huangb  c  * 

aCollege of Life Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China

bThe Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Eco-Remediation of Guangdong Regular Higher Education Institutions, Guangzhou, China

cSchool of Environment and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

ABSTRACT

Chelatococcus daeguensis TAD1 is a themophilic bacterium isolated from a biotrickling filter used to treat NOx in Ruiming Power Plant, located in Guangzhou, China, which shows an excellent aerobic denitrification activity at high temperature. The complete genome sequence of this strain was reported in the present study. Genes related to the aerobic denitrification were identified through whole genome analysis. This work will facilitate the mechanism of aerobic denitrification and provide evidence for its potential application in the nitrogen removal.

Keywords: Chelatococcus daeguensis TAD1; Complete genome sequencing; Aerobic denitrification

Denitrification conducted by many organisms plays a critical role in the nitrogen cycle, which is conventionally considered to be occurred anaerobically. However, some microorganisms were found to have the capacity of aerobic denitrification, such as Klebsiella pneumoniae CF-S9,1Vibrio diabolicus SF16,2Anoxybacillus contaminans HA,3Pseudomonas tolaasii Y-11,4Cupriavidus sp. S15 and so on. Due to much higher growth rate than autotrophs and capability of utilizing various substrates, these bacteria have attracted more and more attention. Nevertheless, the aerobic denitrification mechanism with respect to functional genes has not been clarified. In addition, the research on the aerobic denitrification mechanism at high temperature was seldom reported. Chelatococcus daeguensis TAD1 that can use a variety of carbon sources to denitrify aerobically at high temperature was isolated from a biotrickling filter used to treat NOx in Ruiming Power Plant, located in Guangzhou, China.6 In order to gain insights about genetic elements involved in aerobic denitrification properties and to further identify the nitrogen removal activity of this strain, we performed genome sequencing and hereby present the complete genome sequence of C. daeguensis TAD1.

Genomic DNA from TAD1 was extracted with standard genomic DNA isolation methods. Sequencing was performed using the PacBio RS II (Pacific Biosciences, USA) by constructing a 20 kb insert library at NOVOGENE (Beijing, China), and 366,577,965 bp were generated from 57,631 subreads. The N50 subread sequence length was 8695 bp. For sequence assemblies, SMRT Analysis Software (Pacific Biosciences, USA) was used. One complete circular chromosome and one complete circular plasmid were generated. Genome annotation was performed using GeneMarkS software (http://topaz.gatech.edu/).

The complete genome sequence of TAD1 consists of a circular 3.56 Mb chromosome and a circular 0.5 Mb plasmid, with GC contents of 67.85% and 68.12%, respectively (Table 1). The count of predicted protein-coding sequences is 3889, and the genome comprises 48 tRNA genes and 6 tRNA operons (Table 1). We identified four genes (napA, nirK, norB and nosZ) involved in the aerobic denitrification, encoding nitrate reductase, nitrite reductase, nitric oxide reductase and nitrous oxide reductase, respectively. As a facultative thermophile, the strain TAD1 grows optimally at 45-50, and possesses a good performance of nitrogen removal.7,8 It is well known that emissions from some industries, especially in Power Plant where the temperature of flue gas (NOx) is high and a certain concentration of oxygen exists in NOx, are harmful to those microorganisms at room temperature, indicating that thermophilic bacteria are necessary for the efficient nitrogen removal under aerobic conditions. Therefore, the genes relating to the aerobic denitrification activity of this strain were enough to evaluate its application in those industries with high temperature of emissions.

Table 1 Features of Chelatococcus daeguensis TAD1 genome. 

Attributes Values
Genome size (bp) 4,095,174
GC content (%) 68.34
Plasmid 1
rRNAs 6
tRNAs 48
ncRNA 55
CDSs 3889

The complete genome sequence of C. daeguensis TAD1 will enrich the sources of thermostable denitrifying enzymes, facilitate the aerobic denitrification mechanism and eventually exhibit basic information for wider exploitation of this strain in nitrogen removal.

The complete genome sequence of C. daeguensis TAD1 was deposited at GenBank under accession number CP018095-CP018096. This strain has been deposited in China General Microbiological Culture Collection Center (CGMCC no. 5226).

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 21407024) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (no. 2015J01594).

References

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Received: December 2, 2016; Accepted: March 1, 2017

*Corresponding author. E-mail: hshbyyl@126.com (S. Huang).

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited and the work is not changed in any way.