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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984

Braz. J. Biol. vol.71 no.2 São Carlos May 2011

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842011000300031 

NOTES AND COMMENTS

 

Glandular trichomes of the leaves of Adenocalymma alliaceum Miers

 

 

Prata-Alonso, RR.I,*; Lemos, IC.II; Añez, RBS.III; Alonso, AA.IV

IInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia – INPA, Av. André Araújo, 2936, CEP 69070-001, Manaus, AM, Brazil
IICentro Universitário do Norte – UNINORTE, Av. Joaquim Nabuco, 1232, CEP 69020-050, Manaus, AM, Brazil
IIIDepartamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual do Mato Grosso – UNEMAT, Rod. 358, Km 7, CEP 78300-000, Tangará da Serra, MT, Brazil
IVCentro de Ciências da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Piauí – UFPI, Campus Profa. Cinobelina Elvas, Estrada Bom Jesus-Viana, Km 1, CEP 64900-000, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil

 

 

The isolation of the population in the Amazon forest, coupled with insufficient care by the health system for them, has encouraged the practice of using plants for medicinal purposes. An example is seen with the use of leaves of Adenocalymma alliaceum Miers to treat colds, fevers and headaches (Zoghbi et al., 2002; Rodrigues, 2006; Rodrigues et al., 2010), a plant known in Amazonas state as garlic vine, due to the smell similar to the bulbs of Allium sativum L.

Adenocalymma alliaceum is a vine with cylindrical branches, compound leaves, opposite and bifolioladaes, whose leaves have a whole blade and are always green with a smooth margin, cuspidate apex and wedge-shaped base. The epidermis is uniseriate with rectangular cells covered with thick cuticle, a common characteristic for species of Bignoniaceae (Mauro et al., 2007). The glandular trichomes are composed of a basal cell and about 10 to 18 secreting cells in the apical position, on both sides of the epidermis of leaves (Figure 1a-c). Histochemical tests have confirmed the presence of lipids and proteins in the cytoplasm of secretory's cells in glandular trichomes. Lipid reported for Allium sativum are also reported for leaves Adenocalymma alliaceum by Zoghbi et al. (2002).

 

 

In bulbs of A. sativum , the presence of alliin was described, whose enzyme action produced by alliinase causes allicin, which along with its degradation products, is responsible for biological activities of essential oils in the release of the odor of such species (Heinzmann, 2004).Confirming the presence of protein radicals in glandular trichomes of leaves of A. alliaceum, the shared activity of the protein and lipid constituents in the glandular trichomes during the release of the substances responsible for the odor of the leaves of these species could be inferred, similar to those of Allium sativum. This also shows the convergence of biochemical interactions between different groups of plants.

 

References

HEINZMANN, BM., 2004. Compostos com enxofre. In OLIVEIRA-SIMÕES, CM., SCHENKEL, EP., GOSMANN, G., MELLO, JCP., MENTZ, LA. and PETROVICK, PR. Farmacognosia: da planta ao medicamento. Porto Alegre, Florianópolis: UFRGS/UFSC. p. 741-763.         [ Links ]

MAURO, C., PEREIRA, AMS., SILVA, CP., MISSIMA, J., OHNUKI, T. and RINALDI, RB., 2007. Estudo anatômico de espécies de cerrado Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stellf. ex de Souza (catuaba), Zeyheria montana Mart. (bolsa de pastor) e Jacaranda decurrens Chamisso (caroba) – Bignoniaceae. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 262-265. doi:10.1590/S0102-695X2007000200021        [ Links ]

RODRIGUES, E. 2006. Plants and animals utilized as medicines in the Jaú National Park (JNP), brazilian Amazon. Phytotherapy Research, vol. 20, p. 378-391. PMid:16619367. doi:10.1002/ptr.1866        [ Links ]

RODRIGUES, E., DUARTE-ALMEIDA, JM. and PIRES, JM., 2010. Perfil farmacológico e fitoquímico de plantas indicadas pelos caboclos do Parque Nacional do Jaú (AM) como potenciais analgésicas. Parte I. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, vol. 20 no.6, p. 981-991. doi:10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000008        [ Links ]

ZOGHBI, MGB., ANDRADE, EHA. and MAIA, JGS., 2002. Volatile constituents from Adenocalymma alliaceum Miers. and Petiveria alliacea L., two medicinal herbs of the Amazon. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 133-135. doi:10.1002/ffj.1051        [ Links ]

 

 

Received October 27, 2010
Accepted November 1, 2010
Distributed May 31, 2011

 

 

*e-mail: ressiliane@yahoo.com.br

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