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Brazilian Journal of Biology

versión impresa ISSN 1519-6984

Braz. J. Biol. vol.72 no.4 São Carlos nov. 2012 



First record of the macrophyte Stuckenia filiformis (Persoon) Börner, 1912 (Potamogetonaceae) in Brazil



Freitas, EC.I,*; Arduin, M.II; Rocha, O.III

IPost-graduate Program of Ecology and Natural Resources, Federal University of São Carlos – UFSCar, Rod. Washington Luis, Km 235, CP 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
IIDepartment of Botany, Federal University of São Carlos – UFSCar, Rod. Washington Luis, Km 235, CP 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
IIIDepartment of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Federal University of São Carlos – UFSCar, Rod. Washington Luis, Km 235, CP 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil



During the period between June and October 2011, individuals of Stuckenia filiformis (Persoon) Börner (1912) were abundant in the macrophyte community of the Junco Lake (UTM Coordinates – Datum SAD 69: 573405 S e 8571590 W), Bahia state, Brazil (Figure 1a, b). Since the occurrence of this species has not been previously reported for Brazil, the aim of this communication is to report the first occurrence of S. filiformis in Bahia state, Brazil.

Stuckenia is a genus of the family Potamogetonaceae characterised mainly by the presence of a characteristic leaf and long leaf sheaths (Kaplan, 2008). This genus was proposed by Börner (1912) for distinguishing it from the genus Potamogeton. According to Kaplan (2002), Stuckenia species show a wide range of morphological plasticity, being that the most constant feature is the structure of leaf sheaths (Kaplan, 2008). There are two basic character states: either the sheath is closed and tubular at the base (connate) or it is open at the base on the opposite side from the leaf (convolute). To investigate the structure of leaf sheaths of S. filiformis, which are closed, according to Kaplan (2008), 10 leaf sheaths were cut from the upper parts of side branches, fixed in buffered 4% formaldehyde solution for 24 hours and immersed in glycol-methacrilate basic historesin and water (1:1, v/v) for 3 days. After this time period, the samples were kept in pure basic historesin for another 3 days and then included (Soares, 1997). The included material was cut in sections (6 µm), mounted on glass slides and stained with astra blue and basic fuchsin (Kraus and Arduin, 1997). For histological assessment under the light microscope, the slides were mounted with Apathy syrup. Transverse sections of leaf sheaths are shown in Figure 1c, d.

The only record of species of the genus Stuckenia in Brazil until now is that of S. pectinata in the state of Rio Grande do Sul by Bove (2011). The occurrence of S. filiformis in the state of Bahia suggests that species of this genus may have a wide distribution throughout Brazil.

Acknowledgements – The authors thank Dr. José Valdecir de Lucca and Alcídio Culósio Filho, who collected the macrophyte samples.



BÖRNER, CJB., 1912. Botanisch-systematische Notizen. Abhandlungen. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein zu Bremen, vol. 21, p. 245-282.         [ Links ]

BOVE, CP., 2011. Potamogetonaceae. In Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Available from: <>         [ Links ].

KAPLAN, Z., 2002. Phenotypic plasticity in Potamogeton (Potamogetonaceae). Folia Geobotanica, vol. 37, p. 141-170.         [ Links ]

-, 2008. A taxonomic revision of Stuckenia (Potamogetonaceae) in Asia, with notes on the diversity and variation of the genus on a worldwide scale. Folia Geobotanica, vol. 43, no. 2, p. 159-234.        [ Links ]

KRAUS, JE. and ARDUIN, M., 1997. Manual básico de métodos em morfologia vegetal. São Paulo: EDUR, Seropédica. 198 p.         [ Links ]

SOARES, MM., 1997. Noções básicas de processamento de materiais incluídos em historesina plástica - HistoResin. São Paulo: Aotec. 21 p.         [ Links ]



Received March 12, 2012
Accepted March 19, 2012
Distributed November 30, 2012



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