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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984On-line version ISSN 1678-4375

Braz. J. Biol. vol.75 no.4 supl.1 São Carlos Nov. 2015  Epub Nov 24, 2015

https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.21314 

Notes and Comments

Geographic distribution of Gastrotheca fissipes (Boulenger, 1888) (Anura: Hemiphractidae) in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

G. G. Santanaa  * 

S. Torquatob 

K. S. Vieirac 

W. L. S. Vieirac 

P. F. G. P. Montenegroc 

F. O. Amorimd 

E. M. Santose 

A. Vasconcellosf 

R. R. N. Alvesg 

aPrograma de Pós-graduação em Ecologia e Conservação – PPGEC, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde – CCBS, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba – UEPB, Rua Baraúnas, 351, Bairro Universitário, CEP 58429-500, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil

bSeção de Herpetologia, Setor de Zoologia, Museu de História Natural, Universidade Federal de Alagoas – UFAL, Avenida Aristeu de Andrade, 452, Farol, CEP 57051-090, Maceió, AL, Brazil

cLaboratório de Ecofisiologia Animal, Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza – CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraíba – UFPB, Cidade Universitária, s/n, Castelo Branco, CEP 58051-900, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

dLaboratório de Ecofisiologia e Comportamento Animal – LECA, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco – UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP 52171-900, Recife, PE, Brazil

eDepartamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco – UFRPE, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, CEP 52171-900, Recife, PE, Brazil

fLaboratório de Termitologia, Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza – CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraíba – UFPB, Cidade Universitária, s/n, Castelo Branco, CEP 58051-900, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

gDepartamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde – CCBS, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba – UEPB, Rua Baraúnas, 351, Bairro Universitário, CEP 58429-500, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil


The 105 species of the family Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862 occur in South America (tropical and Andean regions), Costa Rica, Panama, and Trinidad and Tobago, where they are distributed in six genera (Cryptobatrachus, Flectonotus, Fritziana, Gastrotheca, Hemiphractus and Stefania) (Frost, 2014). The genus Gastrotheca Fitzinger, 1843 is the richest in species (68 species), and its distribution includes Costa Rica and Panama (Central America) and northern and western parts of South America (south until northern Argentina and eastern and southeastern Brazil) (Frost, 2014). In Brazil, there are ten species of Gastrotheca (Mendes et al., 2012; Teixeira Junior et al., 2012; Frost, 2014).

With regard to Gastrotheca fissipes (Boulenger, 1888) (known as the Igaraçu marsupial frog) (Frost, 2014), the most recent reports indicate that the geographic distribution of this species encompasses remnants of the Atlantic Forest, from the extreme south of the state of Bahia up to the state of Pernambuco (e.g., Santos and Carnaval, 2002; Silva et al., 2006; Amorim, 2009; Mendes et al., 2012; Frost, 2014).

The present study extends the distribution of G. fissipes to the forest remnant of Mata do Açude Cafundó (7º 10’ 57” S, 35º 5’ 33” W – 72.8 km northeast of the type locality, municipality of Igarassu, state of Pernambuco), located in the municipality of Cruz do Espírito Santo, state of Paraíba. It is also the first record of the occurrence of a species of the family Hemiphractidae in an Atlantic Forest remnant of this state (Figures 1 and 2a-b).

Figure 1 Map of the distribution of populations of Gastrotheca fissipes in remnants of the Atlantic Forest in Northeast Brazil. The new locality is indicated by triangle, and squares for earlier ones. 

Figure 2 Specimens of Gastrotheca fissipes from Mata do Açude Cafundó (municipality of Cruz do Espírito Santo, Paraíba State, Northeast Brazil). (a) Pregnant female and (b) non-pregnant female. Photo: Washington L.S. Vieira. 

Diagnosis – The specimens of G. fissipes were diagnosed according to the combination of characters described in the work of Izecksohn et al. (2009). The specimens of G. fissipes (a pregnant female: CHP-UFRPE 3734; snout-vent length (SVL) of 76.76 mm; and a non-pregnant female: CHP-UFRPE 3735; SVL of 64.31 mm) (Figure 2a-b) were collected on January 14, 2008. The pregnant female was found in the litter on the side of a roadway in the forest remnant, during a nocturnal visual search (1900-2100 h), while the non-pregnant female was captured in a pitfall trap set up in the forest fragment studied. Sex determination of the non-pregnant female was done by examining its gonads. Vouchers of the specimens examined are deposited in the Coleção Herpetológica e Paleontológica da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (CHP-UFRPE).

The present record of occurrence of G. fissipes resulted from a herpetofaunistic survey of long duration (June 2007 to February of 2009) and reinforces the need for new surveys in other Atlantic Forest remnants in Paraíba, aimed at improving our knowledge of species richness of local amphibians and reptiles. This species is considered bromeligenous (sensuPeixoto, 1995), because females release their young in the whorls of bromeliads, where they continue their development (Santos and Carnaval, 2002). The frequent extraction of bromeliads from its habitats for ornamental purposes is one of the main risks to the survival of its populations. Besides, the sale of bromeliads for landscaping can contribute to the accidental introduction of G. fissipes in areas different from those in which it is usually found, as has been reported for other species of frogs (e.g., Kraus et al., 1999; Christy et al., 2007).

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank CAPES for the postdoctoral grant (Programa Nacional de Pós-Doutorado – PNPD/Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação – PPGEC/UEPB) awarded to Gindomar Gomes Santana, Companhia Usina São João for support, and IBAMA/RAN for authorization to undertake these collections (Licença: 133/06 – IBAMA/RAN). Dr. A. Leyva provided English editing of the manuscript.

(With 2 figures)

References

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Received: October 10, 2014; Accepted: April 06, 2015

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