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Biota Neotropica

On-line version ISSN 1676-0611

Biota Neotrop. vol.4 no.2 Campinas  2004

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032004000200002 

A exploração da fauna silvestre no Brasil: Jacarés, sistemas e recursos humanos

 

 

Luciano M. Verdade

Laboratório de Ecologia Animal / LZT / ESALQ / USP, Caixa Postal 09, Piracicaba, SP 13418-900 BRASIL. E-mail: lmv@esalq.usp.br

 

 


RESUMO

A conservação da vida silvestre normalmente necessita de estudos caso a caso porque a população – e não a espécie – deve ser na maioria das vezes a unidade do manejo. No Brasil, a falta de uma categoria profissional específica, como a dos wildlife biologists norte-americanos, dificulta a implantação de programas de conservação e manejo de vida silvestre. O preconceito contra o uso da fauna como recurso natural renovável, o abuso da criação em cativeiro e a noção de que o país não é capaz de implantar com sucesso um programa de fiscalização eficaz impedem a implantação de sistemas biologicamente sustentáveis, economicamente viáveis e socialmente justificáveis de uso da fauna silvestre. Isto só poderá mudar através da formação adequada de recursos humanos, da descentralização da pesquisa e do uso da infraestrutura já existente de extensão para a implantação de um Serviço de Fauna. No presente artigo, fatores normalmente relacionados ao sucesso de programas de uso econômico da fauna silvestre são apresentados e exemplos reais envolvendo crocodilianos são discutidos.

Palavras-chave: manejo de fauna, uso sustentável, jacaré, sistemas de manejo, sociedade


ABSTRACT

Wildlife management and conservation usually require case-by-case studies because populations – not species – should in most cases be the management unit. In Brazil, the lack of a specific professional career such as the north American wildlife biologist makes the implantation of wildlife management programs difficult. Urban prejudice against the use of wildlife as a renewable resource, the abuse of captive breeding programs, and the feeling that the country is unable to implement effective control systems over harvest programs prevent the establishment of biologically sustainable, economically viable, and socially justifiable use of wildlife. This can only be changed by adequate training of professionals,decentralized research, and the use of existing infrastructure of extension for the implantation of a wildlife service. In this paper, elements usually related to the success of economic wildlife programs are presented, and real cases of crocodilian management and conservation programs around the world are discussed as examples.

Key words: wildlife management, sustainable use, caiman, management systems, society


 

 

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Recebido em: 30/1/2004
Revisado em: 15/5/2004
Publicado em: 01/07/2004
ISSN 1676-0603

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