SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.13 issue3Morphological description to identify the seedlings of woody speciesNidification of Polybia rejecta (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) associated to Azteca chartifex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a fragment of Atlantic Forest, in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Biota Neotropica

Print version ISSN 1678-6424On-line version ISSN 1676-0611

Biota Neotrop. vol.13 no.3 Campinas July/Sept. 2013

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032013000300037 

Short Communications

Cercosaura ocellata Wagler, 1830 (Lacertilia, Gymnophthalmidae): distribution extension of Northeastern Brazil

Ampliação da distribuição geográfica de Cercosaura ocellata Wagler, 1830 (Lacertilia, Gymnophthalmidae), Nordeste do Brasil

Camila Nascimento de Oliveira1 

Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura1  2 

1Laboratório de Estudos Herpetológicos e Paleoherpetológicos, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco – UFRPE, CEP 52171-900, Recife, PE, Brasil


ABSTRACT

The lizard, Cercosaura ocellata, with its type-locality suggested as being South America's Northeast, is widely distributed in the North and Midwest regions of Brazil, with scarcity of records for the states in the Northeast Region. This work aims to enlarge the geographical distribution of this species. An individual of C. ocellata was registered in a fragment of Atlantic Rain Forest, Mata de Tejipió (08° 05′ 45.59″ S, 34° 57′ 04.91″ W). This register expands its distribution 585 km north and 770 km south, respectively from its closest locations, Bahia and Ceará, filling a gap of disjunct distribution of approximately 900 km in the northeast region of the country.

Key words: lizard; herpetofauna; occurrence; Atlantic Rain Forest; Pernambuco

RESUMO

O lagarto, Cercosaura ocellata, com localidade-tipo sugerida para o Nordeste da América do Sul, apresenta ampla distribuição no Norte e Centro-Oeste do Brasil, com escassez de registros para os estados da Região Nordeste. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo ampliar a distribuição geográfica da espécie. Foi registrado um espécime de C. ocellata em remanescente de Mata Atlântica, Mata de Tejipió/Recife (08° 05′ 45,59″ S, 34° 57′ 04,91″ W). Este registro amplia a distribuição da espécie em 585 km ao norte e 770 km ao sul das localidades respectivamente mais próximas, Bahia e Ceará, preenchendo um hiato de distribuição disjunta de aproximadamente 900 km na região nordeste do país.

Palavras-Chave: lagarto; herpetofauna; ocorrência; Mata Atlântica; Pernambuco

The Gymnophthalmidae family is composed of 232 lizard species (Uetz & Jirí Hošek 2013), 84 of them in Brazil (Bérnils & Costa 2012) and six of them occurring in the Pernambuco state (Moura et al. 2011). According to Doan (2003), this family is widely distributed in South America (absent only in Chile), with a few in Central America (Doan 2003, Pellegrino et al. 2001). They have synapomorphies like: cylindrical body, long tail, reduction of limbs, elongation of body and the loss of eyelids (Presch 1980).

After systematic reviews initiated by Pellegrino et al. (2001) which were continued by Doan (2003), the genres Pantodactylus, Prinodactylusand Cercosaura, were fused in one single clade called Cercossaura, consisting initially of 11 species (Doan 2003) and after that some species were synonymized, being now composed of 7 species (Bérnils & Costa 2012). Morphological analysis made by Presch (1980) show that, unlike the family's characteristics, the group which the genre Cercosaura belongs does not have reduction of the members.

Cercosaura ocellata Wagler, 1830 (type-locality suggested byRuibal (1952) as being South America's northeast) shows common characteristics of the Gymnophthalmidae family, besides presents developed anterior and posterior limbs and, all digits with claws (Ávila-Pires 1995). In Brazil, the species is distributed in the following regions: Midwest: Tocantins (Shepard 2007), Mato Grosso (Valdujo et al. 2009), Mato Grosso do Sul (Uetanabaro et al. 2007), Goiás (Vaz-Silva et al. 2007), North: Amazon (Ávila-Pires et al. 2009), Acre (Bernarde et al. 2011), Amapá (Ávila-Pires 1995), Pará (Mendes-Pinto & Souza 2011), Rondônia (Gainsbury & Colli 2003); Northeast: Ceará (Borges-Nojosa & Caramaschi 2003), Bahia (Couto-Ferreira et al. 2011), Maranhão (Ávila-Pires 1995); Southeast: Minas Gerais (Sousa et al. 2010), São Paulo (Ihering 1898) and South: Rio Grande do Sul (Santos et al. 2005). Occupation in different biomes and ecosystems: Cerrado (Recoder & Nogueira 2007), Campos Sulinos (Santos et al. 2005), Amazon Forest (Ávila-Pires et al. 2009) and Restinga (Couto-Ferreira et al. 2011).

This species occupies terrestrial microhabitats, often found in open areas (Ávila-Pires 1995, Recoder & Nogueira 2007), moist leaf litter (Cunha et al. 1985), forest edge (Cunha et al. 1985,Recoder & Nogueira 2007), forest areas (Cunha et al. 1985, Macedo et al. 2008) and forested area near the rivers (Macedo et al. 2008). Studies of species reproduction are still insufficient (Ávila-Pires 1995, Cassel et al. 2012), however Colli et al. (2007)presented data of spermatozoa ultrastructure and Cassel et al. (2012) of reproductive biology. The species present sexual dimorphism (Cunha et al. 1985, Pellegrino et al. 2001), with presence of femoral pores in males (Pellegrino et al. 2001) and variation in number and shape of ocelli between males, females and juveniles (Cunha et al. 1985), diurnal habit and heliothermal (Ávila-Pires 1995, Cunha et al. 1985). This work aims to enlarge the geographical distribution of species.

A individual of C. ocellata (Figure 1) was collected in a fragment of Atlantic Rain Forest (Mata de Tejipió/08° 05′ 45.59″ S, 34° 57′ 04.91″ W and 15 m elevation) located in Tejipió neighborhood, Recife city, state of Pernambuco Brazil, with permission by Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio) (number 31795-1) and vouchered in the Herpetological and Paleoherpetological Collection of Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco: CHP-UFRPE 1216.

Figure 1. Cercosaura ocellata collected in Forest Tejipio (08° 05′ 45.59″ S, 34° 57′ 04.91″ W) (25 May 2012), Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Photograph: Camila Nascimento de Oliveira. 

The lizard was registered in May 25, 2012, in Floresta Ombrófila Densa (Veloso et al. 1991), found on ground occupied mainly by grass and other ruderal plants.

This new record expands the geographic distribution of Cercosaura ocellata in 585 km north and 770 km south, respectively from its closest locations, Bahia and Ceará. Regarding the northeast, its geographic distribution was documented only to the states of Ceará (Borges-Nojosa & Caramaschi 2003), Bahia (Couto-Ferreira et al. 2011) and Maranhão (Ávila-Pires 1995), having a gap of occurrence in the state of Piauí and between the states of Rio Grande does Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco Alagoas and Sergipe, with a gap of 900 km without any record between Ceará and Bahia (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Distribution map of Cercosaura ocellata, with emphasis to the Northeasthern Brazil. New record represented by star. Records closer to the new location represented by red circle (Planalto da Ibiapaba/CE and Mata de São João/BA). 

Acknowledgements

This manuscript is a contribution of the “Rede de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Saberes Locais” (REBISA), with financial support of FACEPE (APQ-1264-2.05/10).

References

ÁVILA-PIRES, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia. Zool. Verh. Leiden. 299(1):1-706. [ Links ]

ÁVILA-PIRES, T.C.S., VITT, L.J., SARTORIUS, S.S. & ZANI, P.A. 2009. Squamata (Reptilia) from four sites in southern Amazonia, with a biogeographic analysis of Amazonian lizards. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. Cienc. Nat. 4(2):99-118. [ Links ]

BERNARDE, P.S., MACHADO, R.A. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2011. Herpetofauna of Igarapé Esperança area in the Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 11(3): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02111032011 (último acesso em 22/08/2012). [ Links ]

BÉRNILS, R.S. & COSTA, H.C. (org.). 2012. Répteis brasileiros: Lista de espécies. versão 2012.1. Sociedade Brasileira de Herpetologia: http://www.sbherpetologia.org.br/. (último acesso em 02/05/2013). [ Links ]

BORGES-NOJOSA, D.M. & CARAMASCHI, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga (I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva, eds). Editora Universitária UFPE, Recife, p.463-512. [ Links ]

CASSEL, M., STRÜSSMANN, C. & FERREIRA, A. 2012. Histological evidence of reproductive activity in lizards from the APM Manso, Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences 34(3):327-334. [ Links ]

COLLI, G.R., TEIXEIRA, R.D., SCHELTINGA, D.M., MESQUITA, D.O., WIEDERHECKER, H.C. & BÁO, S.N. 2007. Comparative study of sperm ultrastructure of five species of teiid lizards (Teiidae, Squamata), and Cercosaura ocellata (Gymnophthalmidae, Squamata). Tissue Cell 39(1):59-78. PMid:17331552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tice.2006.12.001 [ Links ]

COUTO-FERREIRA, D., TINÔCO, M.S., OLIVEIRA, M.L.T., BROWNE-RIBEIRO, H.C., FAZOLATO, C.P., SILVA, R.M., BARRETO, G.S. & DIAS, M.A. 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. J. Threatened Taxa 3(8):1990-2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2800.1990-2000 [ Links ]

CUNHA, O.R., NASCIMENTO, F.P. & ÁVILA-PIRES, T.C.S. 1985. Os Répteis da área de Carajás, Pará, Brasil (Testudines e Squamata) I. Pub. Avul. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. 40:1-92. [ Links ]

DOAN, M.T. 2003. A new phylogenetic classification for the gymnophthalmid genera Cercosaura, Pantodactylus and Prionodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 137(1):101-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00043.x [ Links ]

GAINSBURY, A.M. & COLLI, G.R. 2003. Lizard assemblages from natural cerrado enclaves in southwestern Amazonia: the role of stochastic extinctions and isolation. Biotropica 35(4):503-519. [ Links ]

ILERING, H.V. 1898 .Contributions to the Herpetology of Sao Paulo, Brazil. P. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 50:101-109. [ Links ]

MACEDO, L.M., BERNARDE, P.S. & ABE, A.S. 2008. Lagartos (Squamata: Lacertilia) em áreas de floresta e de pastagem em Espigão do Oeste, Rondônia, sudoeste da Amazônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 8(1): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01108012008 (último acesso em 20/08/2012). [ Links ]

MENDES-PINTO, T.J. & SOUZA, S.M. 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47(4):199-206. [ Links ]

MOURA, G.J.B., FREIRE, E.M.X., SANTOS, E.M., LINS, E., ANDRADE, E.V.E. & CAVALCANTE, J.D. 2011. Distribuição Geográfica e Caracterização Ecológicas dos Répteis do Estado de Pernmabuco. In Herpetologia do Estado de Pernambuco (G.J.B. Moura, E.M. Santos, M.A.B. Oliveira & M.C.C. Cabral, Orgs). Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brasília, p.229-290. [ Links ]

PELLEGRINO, K.C.M., RODRIGUES, M.T., YONENAGA-YASSUDA, Y & SITES JUNIOR., J.W. 2001. A molecular perspective on the evolution of microteiid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae), and a new classification for the family. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 74(3):315-338. [ Links ]

PRESCH, W. 1980. Evolutionary history of the South American microteiid lizards (Teiidae: Gymnophthalminae). Herpetologica 34(1):108-112. [ Links ]

RECODER, R. & NOGUEIRA, C. 2007. Composição e diversidade de répteis Squamata na região sul do Parque Nacional Grande Sertão Veredas, Brasil Central. Biota Neotrop. 7(3): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v7n3/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01107032007 (último acesso em 20/08/2012). [ Links ]

RUIBAL, R. 1952. Revisionary studies of some South American Teiidae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 106:477–529. [ Links ]

SANTOS, T.G., KOPP, K.A., SPIES, M.R., TREVISAN, R. & CECHIN, S.Z. 2005. Répteis do campus da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, RS, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 5(1): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v5n1/pt/abstract?inventory+BN02705012005 (último acesso em 21/08/2012). [ Links ]

SHEPARD, D.B. 2007. Habitat but not body shape affects predator attack frequency on lizard models in the brasilian cerrado. Herpetologica 63(2):193-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/0018-0831(2007)63[193:HBNBSA]2.0.CO;2 [ Links ]

SOUSA, B.M., NASCIMENTO, A.E.R., GOMIDES, S.C., VARELA RIOS, C.H., HUDSON, A.H. & NOVELLI, I.A. 2010. Répteis em fragmentos de Cerrado e Mata Atlântica do Campo das Vertentes, Estado de Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 10(2): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n2/en/abstract?article+bn03510022010 (último acesso em 20/08/2012). [ Links ]

UETANABARO, M., SOUZA, F.L., LANDGREF FILHO, P., BEDA, A.F. & BRANDÃO, R.A. 2007. Anfíbios e répteis do Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 7(3): http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v7n3/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01207032007 (último acesso em 29/08/2012). [ Links ]

UETZ, P. & JIRÍ HOŠEK (eds.). The Reptile Database. http://www.reptile-database.org (último acesso em 02/05/2013). [ Links ]

VALDUJO, P.H., NOGUEIRA, C.C., BAUMGARTEN, L., HENRIQUE, F., RODRIGUES, G., BRANDÃO, R.A., ETEROVIC, A., RAMOS-NETO, M.B. & MARQUES, O.A.V. 2009. Squamate reptiles from Parque Nacional das Emas and surroundings, Cerrado of Central Brazil. Check List 5(3):405-417. [ Links ]

VAZ-SILVA, W., GUEDES, A.G., AZEVEDO-SILVA, P.L., GONTIJO, F.F., BARBOSA, R.S., ALOÍSIO, G.R. & OLIVEIRA, F.C.G. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3(4):338-345. [ Links ]

VELOSO, H.P., RANGEL FILHO, A.L.R. & LIMA, J.C.A. 1991. Classificação da vegetação brasileira, adaptada a um sistema universal. Departamento de Recursos Naturais e Estudos Ambientais. Rio de Janeiro, IBGE, 124p. [ Links ]

Received: October 9, 2012; Revised: May 8, 2013; Accepted: July 3, 2013

2Corresponding author: Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, e-mail: geraldojbm@yahoo.com.br

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.