SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.20 issue1Aquatic Oligochaete Communities in Amazonian Streams, Saracá-Taquera National Forest, Pará, BrazilThe genus Tryblionella W. Smith (Bacillariaceae, Bacillariophyta) in southern Brazil salt marshes author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Biota Neotropica

On-line version ISSN 1676-0611

Biota Neotrop. vol.20 no.1 Campinas  2020  Epub Nov 04, 2019

https://doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-bn-2019-0802 

Article

A new species of freshwater amphipod (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) from state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil

Uma nova espécie de anfípodo dulcícola (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, sul do Brasil

Morgana Taís  Streck-Marx1 

Daniela da Silva Castiglioni2  * 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3041-5608

1Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Animal, Av. Roraima, 1000, Camobi, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil

2Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Laboratório de Zoologia e Ecologia, Av. Independência, 3751, 983000-000, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brasil


Abstract:

The current study describes a new species of Hyalella found in a natural pond at the municipality of Palmeira das Missões, located in the northwestern region of state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The new species differs from other species found in state of Rio Grande do Sul (Hyalella bonariensis, H. castroi, H. kaigang, H. imbya, H. georginae, H. gauchensis, H. montenegrinae and H. pampeana) in the type and number of setae on uropods, on telson and on the inner face of gnathopod 1. Besides, Hyalella palmeirensis is morphologically similar to H. curvispina, especially in the shape and number of setae of uropods. However, H. palmeirensis differs from H. curvispina in having only two simple setae on telson, the inner face of gnathopod 1 with five serrate setae and only the posterior distal margin with denticles in comb-scales, and especially by the tubular sternal gills, present on segments 3 to 7. These new records increase from 11 to 12 the number of species known from state of Rio Grande do Sul.

Keywords: Freshwater crustaceans; Hyalella; Peracarida; taxonomy

Resumo:

O presente trabalho descreve uma nova espécie de Hyalella encontrada numa nascente no município de Palmeira das Missões, localizado na região noroeste do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, sul do Brasil. A nova espécie difere das outras espécies encontradas no estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Hyalella bonariensis, H. castroi, H. kaigang, H. imbya, H. georginae, H. gauchensis, H. montenegrinae and H. pampeana) especialmente com relação ao tipo e número de setas dos urópodos, télson e superfície ventral do gnatópodo 1. Além disto, H. palmeirensis é similar a H. curvispina, especialmente na forma e número de setas dos urópodos. Entretanto, H. palmeirensis difere de H. curvispina por possuir somente duas setas simples no télson, cinco setas serradas na superfície ventral do gnatópodo 1 e dentículos (comb-scales) somente na margem posterior do gnatópodo 1 e brânquias esternais presentes do segmento 3 ao 7. Esse novo registro aumenta para 11 o número de espécies de Hyalella conhecidas para o estado do Rio Grande do Sul.

Palavras-chave: Crustáceo dulcícola; Hyalella; Peracarida; taxonomia

Introduction

Amphipoda is a successful group of peracaridan crustaceans known in several aquatic environments, including freshwaters where it exerts dominance of the benthic community of lakes (Ishikawa and Urabe 2002; Rodrigues 2016). The latest classification of the Order is shown by Lowry and Myers (2013), and these authors presented a new Suborder called Senticaudata, comprising almost all freshwater Amphipoda species and many marine species that previously belonged to the defunct Suborder Gammaridea.

The Family Hyalellidae is represented only by Hyalella Smith, 1874, which occurs throughout the Nearctic and Neotropical biogeographic regions, and it is endemic of the Americas (Baldinger 2004), presenting restrict distribution of species (Bousfield 1996). There are 74 limnic crustacean species of Hyalella (Marrón-Becerra et al. 2014; Colla and César 2015; Streck et al. 2017; Bastos-Pereira et al. 2018), however the highest diversity of species occurs in South America, where 56 species are currently described (Rodrigues et al. 2014, Colla and César 2015; Streck et al. 2017; Bastos-Pereira et al. 2018).

Brazil has the greatest number of Hyalella species described in the world, 27 in total (Bueno et al. 2013; Bueno et al. 2014; Cardoso et al. 2014; Rodrigues et al. 2014; Streck et al. 2017; Rodrigues et al. 2017, Bastos-Pereira et al. 2018). According to Bueno et al. (2014) and Streck et al. (2017) the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil) is the region with the highest species diversity in the country, counting 11 described species. With the finding of this specie the state of Rio Grande do Sul account now with 12 Hyalella species, the same number of species observed in all Southeast region of Brazil.

A new species of Hyalella is described from the municipality of Palmeira das Missões, northwest region of state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil.

Material and Methods

The municipality of Palmeira das Missões is located at the northwest region of state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. The specimens were collected in August/2012 and the sampling was made with the aid a hand net, with authorizations of the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (MMA; ICMBio; SISBIO nº 32726-1).

Head length of the animals was measured through an optic microscope with a millimetric scale. Adult males and females were preserved in ethanol 70%, colored with Rose Bengal and dissected. A total of 15 individuals (10 males and 5 females) were dissected and the appendices were mounted on permanent slides. Illustrations were made using photos and the CorelDraw program.

The description was made based on main morphological characteristics such as the gnathopods, uropods and telson, according to González et al. (2003a, b), González et al. (2006), Cardoso et al. (2011), and Bastos-Pereira and Bueno (2012). The terminology used for the setae of the appendices follows Zimmer et al. (2009).

The description was based on male paratype and female allotype. The type material is deposited in the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ).

Results

Taxonomy

Order Amphipoda Latreille, 1816

Suborder Senticaudata Lowry & Myers, 2013

Family Hyalellidae Bulycheva, 1957

Genus Hyalella S. I. Smith, 1874

Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Streck-Marx & Castiglioni

Type material: Holotype male, total body length = 5.32 mm, head length = 0.50 mm (MNRJ 26584); Allotype female (MNRJ 26585). Brazil, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Palmeira das Missões municipality (27º 56.949' S - 53º 19.613' W), August, 24, 2012, Castiglioni, D.S. coll.

Paratypes: Mean total body length of male paratypes: 5.50 ± 0.78 mm and female paratypes: 5.00 ± 0.50 (20 males and 20 females) (MNRJ 26586), same date as holotype, Castiglioni, D.S. coll.

Type-locality. Brazil, state of Rio Grande do Sul (27º56.949'S 53º19.613'W), state of Rio Grande do Sul, Palmeira das Missões municipality, natural pond, 560 m, August, 24, 2012, Castiglioni, D.S. coll.

Diagnosis. Body surface smooth. Eyes round, pigmented. Antenna 1 shorter than antenna 2, flagellum with 11/12 articles and longer than peduncle, two aesthetascs occurring distally on flagellum after article 5. Antenna 2 flagellum with 10/11 articles and longer than peduncle. Maxilla 1 palp uniarticulate, short, longer than wide, inner plate shorter and slender than outer plate, with two long apical papposerrate setae, and some setules on the inner margin; outer plate with nine serrate setae. Maxilla 2 inner plate with only one long and strong papposerrate seta and several simple and serrate setae. Gnathopod 1 with inner face with five serrate setae, posterior distal margin with denticles in comb-scales, one cuspidate seta and some simple setae. Gnathopod 2 propodus longer than wide and with posterior margin of small lobe covered by denticles in comb-scales; palm smooth and sub-equal to posterior margin of propodus, slope oblique, palm margin convex; dactylus claw-like, short, not reaching the lobe of propodus; carpus wider than long, posterior lobe elongated, with pectinate border and one row of serrate setae, without polygonal pattern or comb-scales. Pleopods rami with long plumose setae. Uropod 1 inner ramus with a long-curved seta followed by a row of five small cuspidate setae with an accessory seta. Uropod 2 inner ramus apex with five cuspidate setae with an accessory seta and two cuspidate simple setae. Uropod 3 peduncle with three cuspidate setae with accessory setae apically, small cuspidate setae and simple setae distributed along the peduncle and ramus. Telson (male) longer than wide, with two apical simple setae, and three plumose setae close to each simple seta. Coxal gills sac-like present on segments 2 to 6 and sternal gills tubular, presents on segments 3 to 7.

Description of male. (Fig. 1a) Mean body length: 5.50 ± 0.78, mean head length: 0.52 ± 0.07 mm (n=20). Head longer than the first thoracic segment, rostrum absent. Eyes round, pigmented.

Figure 1 Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Paratype male (MNRJ 26586): (a) Habitus from holotype (MNRJ 26584), body length: 5.32 mm; (b) Antenna 1; (c) Antenna 2; (d) Upper lip; (e) Left mandible; (f) Lower lip; (g) Maxilla 1; (h) Maxilla 2; (i) Maxilliped; Scales: (1a-1c) represents 0.5 mm; (1d-1g) 0.2 mm; (1h) 0.05 mm; (1i) 0.2 mm. 

Antenna 1 (Fig. 1b) shorter than antenna 2, peduncle not surpassing head length, flagellum with 11/12 articles, longer than peduncle; aesthetascs occurring distally on flagellum after article 5.

Antenna 2 (Fig. 1c) peduncle less than half body length, with very few setae; flagellum with 10/11 articles and longer than peduncle.

Upper lip (Fig. 1d) margin rounded, distal border covered by several setules on dorsal and ventral faces.

Basic amphipodan mandible (Fig. 1e) (in sensu of Watling 1993), without palp; incisor toothed; left lacinia mobilis with five teeth and with three pappose setae; molar process large, cylindrical and with large accessory seta.

Lower lip (Fig. 1f) outer lobes rounded without notches or excavations, with several setules on dorsal and ventral faces.

Maxilla 1 (Fig. 1g) palp uniarticulate, short, longer than wide, reaching less than half length the distance between the base of the palp and tip of setae on outer plate; inner plate uniarticulate, shorter and slender than outer plate, with two long apical pappose setae. Outer plate uniarticulate, with 9 serrate setae.

Maxilla 2 (Fig. 1h) inner plate with one long and strong papposerrate seta, several simple and serrate setae; outer plate with one row of simple setae.

Maxilliped (Fig. 1i) inner plates apically truncated, with three connate setae and pappose and simple setae apically and medially; outer plates larger than inner plates, apically truncated, apical, medial, and facial setae simple. Palp of four articles with simple setae and few pappose setae; dactylus unguiform, shorter than propodus, with simple setae and comb-scales.

Gnathopod 1 (Fig. 2a) subchelate; dactylus claw-like, with denticles in comb-scales and one plumose seta dorsally; propodus longer than wide, width about 3⁄4 of maximum length (rectangular), hammer-shaped, palm slope slightly oblique and margin sinuose with several simple setae, posterior distal margins with comb scales, one cuspidate setae and some simple setae, anterodistal margin without comb scales, but with six or seven simple setae, propodus inner face (ventral) with five serrate setae; carpus longer than wide, slightly longer than propodus, with strong lateral distal lobe produced and forming a scoop-like structure, posterior lobe of carpus with one row of serrate setae and without comb-scales; basis, ischium and merus with simple setae dorsally, without comb-scales posterodistally; coxal plates longer than wide.

Figure 2 Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Paratype male (MNRJ 26586); (a) Gnathopod 1; (b) Gnathopod 2; Scales: (2a-2b) represents 0.5 mm. 

Gnathopod 2 (Fig. 2b) subchelate; dactylus claw-like, short, not reaching the lobe of propodus, with one plumose seta dorsally, without comb-scales; propodus longer than wide (ovate), propodus length 1.5 times the maximum width, posterior margin of lobe almost straight and covered with denticles in comb-scales; palm margin convex, with several cuspidate setae with accessory setae and simple setae, posterior distal corner with few simple setae; carpus wider than long, posterior lobe elongated, with pectinate border with one row of serrate setae and without polygonal pattern or comb-scales; ischium and merus with few simple setae on posterodistal margin; basis, ischium and merus without comb-scales on posterior margin; coxal plate wider than long.

Peraeopods 3 to 7 (Fig. 3a to 3e) dactylus, propodus, carpus, merus, ischium and basis with simple and cuspidate setae with accessory seta. All coxal plates with simple setae on the border.

Figure 3 Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Paratype male (MNRJ 26586); (a) Peraeopod 3; (b) Peraeopod 4; (c) Peraeopod 5; (d) Peraeopod 6; (e) Peraeopod 7; Scales: (3a-3e) represents 0.5 mm. 

Pleopods (Fig. 4a) not modified, peduncle slender, smaller than flagellum rami, and two distal coupling spines; both rami with long plumose setae.

Figure 4 Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Paratype male (MNRJ 26586); (a) Pleopod; (b) Uropod 1; (c) Uropod 2; (d) Uropod 3; (e) Telson; Scales: (4a) represents 0.5 mm; (4b-4d) 0.2 mm; (4e) 0.05 mm. 

Uropod 1 (Fig. 4b) peduncle slightly (1.2 times) longer than rami, with four cuspidate setae with an accessory seta dorsally; inner ramus longer than outer ramus; inner ramus with two dorsal cuspidate setae with an accessory seta, male with a curved seta followed by a row of five small cuspidate setae with an accessory seta, two cuspidate setae apically; outer ramus with three dorsal cuspidate setae with an accessory seta and four cuspidate setae apically (two of them with an accessory seta).

Uropod 2 (Fig. 4c) shorter than uropod 1; peduncle rectangular with similar size as rami, with four cuspidate setae with an accessory seta dorsally; inner ramus slightly longer than outer ramus, with two dorsal cuspidate setae with an accessory seta and seven cuspidate setae apically (five with an accessory seta); outer ramus with two dorsal cuspidate setae with an accessory seta and apex with four cuspidate setae (two with an accessory seta).

Uropod 3 (Fig. 4d) peduncle slightly longer than wide, wider than ramus, with three cuspidate setae with an accessory seta and one simple seta apically, two simple setae distributed along the peduncle; ramus with five simple setae and a short, strong cuspidate setae.

Telson (Fig. 4e) is longer than wide, with two long simple setae and three plumose setae close to each simple seta.

Coxal gills sac-like, present on segments 2 to 6. Sternal gills tubular on segments 3 to 7.

Female. Mean total body length: 5.00 ± 0.50, mean head length: 0.47 ± 0.05 (n= 20). Antenna 1 similar shape to male but with flagellum of 7-8 articles. Antenna 2 similar in shape to male, flagellum of 8-9 articles.

Gnathopod 1 (Fig. 5a) similar to male gnathopod 1, similar size to gnathopod 2; dactylus with comb-scales and plumose seta; propodus longer than wide, hammer-shaped, inner face with five serrate setae and two long simple setae and several short simple setae , anterior distal margin without comb-scales but two simple setae and distally with six or seven short simple setae, posterior distal margin with comb-scales and two simple setae and posterior distal corner with one strong cuspidate seta; carpus longer than wide, with lateral distal lobe produced and forming a scoop-like structure, posterior lobe margin with polygonal pattern and with serrate setae and without comb-scales; base, merus and ischium without comb-scales on posterior margin.

Figure 5 Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Allotype female (MNRJ 26585); (a) Gnathopod 1; (b) Gnathopod (2) Scales: (5a-5b) represents 0.2 mm. 

Gnathopod 2 (Fig. 5b) similar in size to gnathopod 1, but the propodus of gnathopod 2 is slightly longer than gnathopod 1; different to male gnathopod 2 in shape and smaller; dactylus with comb-scales and one plumose seta; propodus rectangular, longer than wide, inner face with four serrate setae and two long simple setae and several short simple setae, palm transverse, posterior distal corner with one strong cuspidate seta, posterior distal margins with comb-scales and two simple setae and anterior margin without comb-scales; base, merus and ischium without comb-scales on posterior margin. Telson similar in shape to male, with two long simple setae and three plumose setae close to each simple seta.

Habitat. Freshwater, epigean. Hyalella palmeirensis was found in a natural pond of shallow depth (around 40 cm) (Fig. 6a and 6b). The pond contains a large amount of macrophytes of the genus Egeria which were used as shelter for the specimens of H. palmeirensis.

Figure 6 Type-locality of Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Streck-Marx & Castiglioni; (a) Showing the natural pond of shallow depth (around 40 cm). Note the large amount of macrophytes of the genus Egeria, which are used as shelter for the specimens of the new species; (b) Showing the natural pond of shallow and surrounding cultivation of any type of crops, as soy and rice which could be considered a threat to this species as the pesticides used in these cultures can be harmful to the amphipods. 

Etymology. The specific name, palmeirensis, refers to native residents of Palmeira das Missões municipality, southern Brazil.

Remarks. We noted using the taxonomic key of Rodrigues et al. (2014) that H. palmeirensis differs from the other species of the genus in Brazil. Hyalella palmeirensis resembles H. bonariensis, H. montenegrinae, H. curvispina, H. castroi, H. imbya, H. pseudoazteca, H. kaingang, H. pampeana, H. pleoacuta, H. carstica, H. xakriaba, H. georginae and H. gauchensis, by having a curved seta on the inner ramus of uropod 1 of the males.

Besides, H. palmeirensis resembles H. montenegrinae, H. carstica and H. montanaRodrigues et al., 2017 in having sternal gills on segments 3-7. The new species resembles H. curvispina, H. castroi, H. pseudoazteca, H. kaingang and H. pleoacuta in having the dactylus of gnathopod 2 shorter than the propodus palm. Differs from H. bonariensis, H. castroi, H. kaigang H. imbya, H. georginae, H. gauchensis, H. montenegrinae and H. pampeana in the type and number of setae on uropods, telson and inner face of gnathopod 1. Hyalella palmeirensis is similar to H. curvispina, especially in the shape and number of setae of uropods. However, H. palmeirensis differs of H. curvispina in having only two simple setae on telson, inner face of gnathopod 1 with five serrate setae and only the posterior distal margin with denticles in comb-scales, and especially by tubular sternal gills present on segments 3 to 7.

The new species Hyalella palmeirensis resembles H. misionensis, from the Province of Misiones in Argentina, in the telson (male) with two long apical simple setae. However, it differs in the curved seta on the inner ramus of uropod 1, inner face of propodus of gnathopod 1 and sternal gills. The area where H. misionensis was found is geographically close to Brazil. Comparisons between morphological characters of Hyalella species of Rio Grande do Sul are presented in Table 1.

Table 1 Main morphological differences between Hyalella palmeirensis n. sp. Streck-Marx & Castiglioni and 11 Hyalella species from nearby areas in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern, Brazil. 

Species Body surface Inner margin of maxila 2 Articles of flagellum of antenna 1 Articles of flagellum of antenna 2 Inner face of propodus of gnathopod 1 Setae on peduncle of uropod 3 Telson Sternal gills Tipe locality
H. bonariensis Smooth Two pappose setae 9–12 12–15 5 setae 6 setae Quadrangular, with 2–3 cuspidate setae apically 2–7 Province of Buenos Aires, Salto, Argentina
H. castroi Smooth One pappose setae 10–17 14–18 More than 10 serrate setae 7 setae Wider than long, with 8 setae 2–7 Vale of trout, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. curvispina Smooth Two plumose setae 11 13 5–7 setae 3 setae Wider than long, with 3 simple spines 2–7 Lake Tramandai, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. georginae Smooth Two robust papposerrate apical setae 15 16 9 serrate setae 9 setae Wider than long, with 7 apical cuspidate setae with an accessory seta, and 4 plumose setae laterally 2–7 Palmeira das Missões, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. gauchensis Smooth Two papposerrate apical setae 11 15 9–20 serrate setae 6 setae Wider than long, with 6 apical cuspidate setae, and 6 plumose setae laterally 2–7 Palmeira das Missões, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. imbya Smooth Two papposerrate setae 18–23 14–16 7 serrate setae 1 seta Two long simple apical setae 3–7 Roque Gonzales, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. kaigang With dorsal flanges on pleonites 1-2 Two papposerrate setae 17–18 18–24 2 rows of serrate setae 6 setae Wider than long, with 6–7 cuspidate seta with acessory setae 2–7 Garapiá stream, municipality of São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. montenegrinae Smooth Two plumose setae 14–16 14–19 9–10 plumose setae 4 or 5 setae Wider than long, 7 to 9 setae 3–7 São José dos Ausentes, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. pampeana Smooth Two bipectinada setae 11–12 Up to 18 5–6 setae 5 to 7 setae As wide as long, apically rounded, with 2–5 spines 2–7 Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina
H. pleoacuta With dorsal flanges on some segments Two pappose setae 14 15 9 serrate setae 4 setae As long as wide, with 2 simple setae 2–7 Vale of Trout, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. pseoudoazteca With dorsal flanges on some segments One pappose seta 10 8–9 1–3 pappose setae 1 seta Wide as long, 2 closely spaced, long simple setae 3–7 Taim Ecological Reserve, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
H. palmeirensis Smooth One pappose setae 11–12 10–11 5 serrate setae 3 setae Longer than wide, with 2 long simple setae and 6 plumose setae laterally 3–7 Palmeira das Missões, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Discussion

The new species described here, improves the diversity of Hyalella in the Southern region of Brazil, increasing the number of species found in the region, to 14, whereas 12 of them are observed in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, the same number of all southeastern region of Brazil (Bueno et al. 2014; Cardoso et al. 2014; Rodrigues et al. 2014).

In addition to morphological differences, other evidence that H. palmeirensis is a distinct species from others of the genus comes from a matrix of pairwise nucleotide sequence divergences using concatenated genes 16 S (~650bps), 12 S (~550bps) and H3 (~375bps) (Rodrigues 2016). This analysis showed that H. palmeirensis (called Hyalella sp. 20 by Rodrigues 2016) diverge at least 15.3% to 25.4% from H. curvispina, (the closest species), and 16.2% from H. gauchensis (called Hyalella sp. 18 by Rodrigues 2016) and 17.6% from H. georginae (called Hyalella sp. 19 by Rodrigues 2016) (Rodrigues 2016). It should be noted that H. gauchensis and H. georginae are two species that occur in nearby areas where H. palmeirensis was sampled (Streck et al. 2017). Moreover, Rodrigues (2016) estimated the phylogeny of Hyalella reconstructed by Bayesian analysis and according to it, H. palmeirensis is statistically well supported in a different clade from H. curvispina, H gauchensis and H. georginae, forming distinct groups which have divergence at 28.55 million of years ago.

The species Hyalella palmeirensis lives in association with macrophytes in a natural pond of shallow depth. The pond contains a large amount of macrophytes of the genus Egeria, which are used as shelter by H. palmeirensis. However, H. palmeirensis occurs in a natural pond surrounded by the cultivation of many types of crops, which could be considered a threat to this species as the pesticides used during cultivation can be harmful to the amphipods. Agricultural expansion, especially rice and soybean, is one of the main factors that affect and hinders conservation, because this activity not only remove the original vegetation for cultivation but also often bring out chemicals for soil remediation, pest control or fertilization, and cause fragmentation and deterioration of these ecosystems (Maltchik and Rolon 2010; Rodrigues et al. 2012).

Ethics

The sampling was made with authorizations of the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (MMA; ICMBio; SISBIO nº 32726-1).

Data availability

The type material is deposited in the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ).

Acknowledgments

We thank Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for financial support (PROACAD CNPq nº405061/2015-3). We also thank Prof. Dr. Alessandra Angélica de Pádua Bueno for contributions to the manuscript, especially by species identification. To Vanessa da Silva Castro and Francieli Ubessi for aid in collections.

References

BALDINGER, A.J. 2004. A new species of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) from Ash Springs, Lincoln Country, USA, with a key to the species of the genus in North America and the Caribbean region. Journal of Natural History, 38: 1087-1096. [ Links ]

BASTOS-PEREIRA, R. & BUENO, A.A.P. 2012. New species and new report of Hyalella S. I. Smith, 1874 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Dogielinotidae) from Minas Gerais state, Southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 3350: 58-68. [ Links ]

BASTOS-PEREIRA, R., OLIVEIRA, M.P.A. & FERREIRA, R.L. 2018. Anophtalmic and epigean? Description of an intriguing new species of Hyalella (Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 4407(2): 254-266. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4407.2.6Links ]

BOUSFIELD, E.L. 1996. A contribution to the reclassification of Neotropical freshwater hyalellid amphipods (Crustacea: Gammaridea, Talitroidea). Bolletino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Verona, 20: 175-224. [ Links ]

BUENO, A.A.P., ARAUJO, P.B., CARDOSO, G.M., GOMES, K.M. & BOND-BUCKUP, G. 2013. Two new species of Hyalella (Amphipoda, Dogielinotidae) from Brazil. Crustaceana, 86 (7-8): 802-819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003205Links ]

BUENO, A. A. P., RODRIGUES, S.G. & ARAUJO, P.B. 2014. O estado da arte do gênero Hyalella Smith, 1874 (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Senticaudata, Hyalellidae) no Brasil. In: Carmino Hayashi. (Org.). Tópicos de Atualização em Ciências Aquáticas. 1ed. Uberaba: UFTM, 1: 57-88. [ Links ]

CARDOSO, G.M., BUENO, A.A.P. & FERREIRA, R.L. 2011. A new troglobiotic species of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Dogielinotidae) from Southeastern Brazil. Nauplius, 19(1): 17-26. [ Links ]

CARDOSO, G.M., ARAUJO, P.B.; BUENO, A.A.P. & FERREIRA, R.L. 2014. Two new subterranean species of Hyalella Smith, 1874 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyalellidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 3814: 253-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3814.3.3Links ]

COLLA, M.F. & CÉSAR, I.I. 2015. A new species of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Dogiolinotidae) from the Atlantic Forest, of Misiones, Argentina. Zookeys, 481: 25-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.481.9037Links ]

GONZÁLEZ, E.R., WATLING, L. 2003a. A new species of Hyalella from Brazil (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyalellidae), with redescriptions of three other species in the genus. Journal of Natural History 37: 2045-2076. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930210133237Links ]

GONZÁLEZ, E.R & WATLING, L. 2003b. A new species of Hyalella from Colombia, and the redescription of H. meinerti Stebbing, 1899 from Venezuela (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Journal of Natural History, 37: 2095-2111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930210133255Links ]

GONZÁLEZ, E.R., BOND-BUCKUP, G. & Araujo, P.B. 2006. Two new species of Hyalella from Southern Brazil (Amphipoda: Hyalellidae) with a taxonomic key. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 26: 355365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/c-2599.1Links ]

LOWRY, J.K & MYERS, A.A. 2013. A phylogeny and classification of the Senticaudata subord. nov. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Zootoxa, 3610(1): 1-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3610.1.1Links ]

MARRÓN-BECERRA, A., HERMOSO-SALAZAR, M. & SOLÍS-WEISS, V. 2014. Hyalella cenotensis, a new species of Hyalellidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Zootaxa, 3811(2): 262-270. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3811.2.7Links ]

MALTCHIK, L. & ROLON, A.S. 2010. Does flooding of rice fields after cultivation contribute to wetland plant conservation in southern Brazil? Applied Vegetation Science 13: 26-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01046.x [ Links ]

RODRIGUES, S.G., BUENO, A.A.P. & FERREIRA, R.L. 2012. The first hypothelminorheic Crustacea (Amphipoda, Dogielinotidae, Hyalella) from South America. Zookeys, 236: 65-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.236.3930Links ]

RODRIGUES, S.G., BUENO, A.A.P. & FERREIRA, R.L. 2014. A new troglobiotic species of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) with a taxonomic key for the Brazilian species. Zootaxa, 3815: 200-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3815.2.2Links ]

RODRIGUES, S.G. 2016. Filogenia molecular, biogeografia e estrutura populacional de anfípodos de água doce (Crustacea, Hyalellidae) da América do Sul. Tese de Doutorado, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia Aplicada, UFLA. 125 p. [ Links ]

RODRIGUES, S.G., SENNA, A.R., QUADRA, A. & BUENO, A.A.P. 2017. A new species of Hyalella (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyalellidae) from Itatiais National Park, Brazil: an epigean freshwater amphipod with troglobiotic traits at 2,000 meters of altitude. Zootaxa, 4344(1): 147-159. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4344.1.6Links ]

STRECK, M.T. CARDOSO, G.M., RODRIGUES, S.G., GRAICHEN, D.A.S & CASTIGLIONI, D.S. 2017. Two new species of Hyalella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Hyalellidae) from state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. Zootaxa, 4337 (2): 263-278. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4337.2.5Links ]

ZIMMER, A., ARAUJO, P.B. & BOND-BUCKUP, G. 2009. Diversity and arrangement of the cuticular structures of Hyalella (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Dogielinotidae) and their use in taxonomy. Zoologia, 26 (1): 127-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1984-46702009000100019Links ]

Received: May 23, 2019; Revised: September 09, 2019; Accepted: September 16, 2019

*Corresponding author: Daniela da Silva Castiglioni, e-mail:danielacastiglioni@yahoo.com.br

Authors Contributions

Morgana Taís Streck Marx: contribution to data collection, manuscript preparation, data analysis and interpretation.

Daniela da Silva Castiglioni: contribution to data collection and concept and design of the study.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the publication of this manuscript.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.