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International braz j urol

Print version ISSN 1677-5538On-line version ISSN 1677-6119

Int. braz j urol. vol.44 no.5 Rio de Janeiro Sept./Oct. 2018

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-5538.ibju.2018.0141 

Radiology Page

An unusual cause of renal colic: ovarian teratoma

Pablo Garrido-Abad1 

Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Cabello1 

Arturo Platas Sancho1 

Mairena Coronado Ruiz2 

Juan José Ortiz Zapata3 

1Department of Urology, Hospital Sanitas La Moraleja, Madrid, Spain

2Department of Gynecology. Hospital Sanitas La Moraleja, Madrid, Spain

3LABCO (SYNLAB) Pathology. Madrid, Spain

CASE PRESENTATION

A 56-year-old female presented with a complaint of left flank pain for two weeks. Her past medical history was unremarkable. A left pelvic calcification was observed on abdominal X-ray (Figure-1A). Ultrasonographic examination (Figure-1B) revealed a grade II left ureterohydronephrosis and heterogeneous cystic mass in left ovary, and CT was performed to confirm diagnosis, showing a well-defined 5.4 × 4.3 × 4.5 cm left adnexal lesion (Figure-2A) with fat and calcification, compressing distal ureter and gonadal vein that were dilated (Figure-2B) as a consequence of the compression by ovarian mass. Tumor markers (CA125, CEA and CA19-9) were with in normal range. Under a clinical diagnosis of ovarian germ cell tumor, laparoscopic salpingo-ooforectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the specimen (Figure-2C) revealed mature hair follicles, sebaceous glands, fat cells and mature nervous tissue, typical features of a mature cystic teratoma (MCT).

Figure 1 A) Abdominal X-ray with left pelvic calcification (white circle); B) Ultrasound image showing grade II left ureterohydronephrosis. 

Figure 2 A) Coronal abdominopelvic CT scan image revealing 5 cm left ovarian MCT (red arrow); B) dilated left gonadal vein (yellow arrow); C) Histology of ovarian McT: mature hair follicles, sebaceous glands, fat cells and mature nervous tissue. 

Ovarian MCT is a cystic or solid tumor (composed of mature, adult type tissues) which accounts for 10-20% of all ovarian tumors (1). Malignant transformation occurs in less than 2% (2). Ovaries are close to pelvic urological organs, such as ureter and bladder, so ovarian masses can often impinge upon these adjacent organs and develop symptoms like pain, urinary and gastrointestinal complaints (1). Ovarian cancer is described as the most common cause of malignant extrinsic ureteral obstruction (16.6%) (3), but the exact prevalence of ureteral involvement by ovarian MCT is still unknown. The differential diagnosis of calcifications in abdominal plain films of the female pelvis include: vascular calcifications (atherosclerosis, calcified aneurysms, phleboliths), those originating from the urinary tract (ureterolithiasis and vesical lithiasis), inflammatory masses (epiploic calcifications, dropped gallstones, foreign bodies) and nodal calcifications (4).

Early diagnosis and treatment in terms of a conservative surgical approach is recommended. Ovarian MCT should be considered in the differential diagnosis of distal ureteric obstruction causing proximal hydroureteronephrosis in young female patients (5).

Published as Ahead of Print: August 05, 2018

REFERENCES

1. Rathore R, Sharma S, Arora D. Clinicopathological Evaluation of 223 Cases of Mature Cystic Teratoma, Ovary: 25-Year Experience in a Single Tertiary Care Centre in India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11:EC11-EC14. [ Links ]

2. Bal A, Mohan H, Singh SB, Sehgal A. Malignant transformation in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: report of five cases and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2007;275:179-82. [ Links ]

3. Ganatra AM, Loughlin KR. The management of malignant ureteral obstruction treated with ureteral stents. J Urol. 2005;174:2125-8. [ Links ]

4. Ramos-Andrade D, Ruivo C, Portilha MA, Brito JB, Caseiro-Alves F, Curvo-Semedo L. An unusual cause of intraabdominal calcification: A lithopedion. Eur J Radiol Open. 2014;1:60-3. [ Links ]

5. Neelakantan S, Reddy R, Swamy AK. Ovarian dermoid presenting as unilateral obstructive uropathy. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016. [ Links ]

Received: March 06, 2018; Accepted: July 09, 2018

Correspondence address: Pablo Garrido-Abad, MD, Department of Urology, Hospital Universitario Sanitas La Moraleja, Avda Francisco Pi y Margall 81, 28050, Madrid, Spain, Phone: 0034 902102400 E-mail: pgabad@hotmail.com

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

None declared.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.