SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.44 issue6The Lithocatch™ by Boston Scientific: how to use it and how to solve a common problemA martius flap in the treatment of iatrogenic distal urogenital fistula author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


International braz j urol

Print version ISSN 1677-5538On-line version ISSN 1677-6119

Int. braz j urol. vol.44 no.6 Rio de Janeiro Nov./Dec. 2018 

Video Section

Addressing the challenges of reoperative robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy

Wilson Lin1 

Nitya Abraham2 

1Yeshiva University Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY, USA

2Department of Urology, Montefiore Medical Center, NY, USA


Sacrocolpopexy is the gold-standard repair for apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). However, over half of women with POP who undergo the surgery experience recurrence, particularly those with higher preoperative stage, younger age, and greater body weight. We address the challenges of repairing recurrent POP in a patient with a prior transabdominal mesh sacrohysteropexy.


A 50-year-old woman complaining of vaginal pressure presented with Stage II prolapse. She had three previous abdominal surgeries including an open sacrohysteropexy with retropubic sling placement. Given her young age and desire to maintain vaginal length, we opted for robotic supracervical hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy.


As a result of the patient's prior surgeries, bowel and bladder were adherent to the uterus and required dissecting off prior to hysterectomy. Mesh was scarred into the peritoneum overlying the uterus and thus left in situ as the uterus was amputated. Due to insufficient peritoneum to cover the new mesh, a flap was created from the anterior abdominal wall. Seven months later, the patient's symptoms had resolved and her POP-Quantification measurements were improved.


Managing recurrent POP after prior sacrocolpopexy is complex due to scarring and concern for secondary repair durability. Repeat robotic mesh colpopexy is an option, but a vaginal approach may be easier. Preoperative cystoscopy, urodynamics, and upper urinary tract imaging should be considered. Intraoperative ureteral stent placement can help identify the right ureter. Cystoscopy should be performed at the end of the surgery to check for bladder or urethral injury. Ultimately, the surgical method should be individualized.


Available at:

Int Braz J Urol. 2018; 44 (Video #20): 1263-4


1. Haya N, Maher M, Ballard E. Surgical management of recurrent upper vaginal prolapse following sacral colpopexy. Int Urogynecol J. 2015;26:1243-5. [ Links ]

2. Mearini L, Nunzi E, Di Biase M, Costantini E. Laparoscopic Management of Vaginal Vault Prolapse Recurring after Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery. Urol Int. 2016;97:158-64. [ Links ]

3. Nygaard I, Brubaker L, Zyczynski HM, Cundiff G, Richter H, Gantz M, et al. Long-term outcomes following abdominal sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse. JAMA. 2013;309:2016-24. Erratum in: JAMA. 2013;310:1076. [ Links ]

4. Nygaard IE, McCreery R, Brubaker L, Connolly A, Cundiff G, Weber AM, et al. Abdominal sacrocolpopexy: a comprehensive review. Obstet Gynecol. 2004;104:805-23. [ Links ]

5. Vergeldt TF, Weemhoff M, IntHout J, Kluivers KB. Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse and its recurrence: a systematic review. Int Urogynecol J. 2015;26:1559-73. [ Links ]

6. Winters HA, Bouman MB, Boom F, Prosé LP. The peritoneal free flap: an anatomic study. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997;100:1168-71. [ Links ]

Received: January 18, 2018; Accepted: July 09, 2018; pub: August 05, 2018

Correspondence address: Wilson Lin, MD 1935 Eastchester Road #15F Bronx, NY 10461, USA Telephone: +1 91 7930-1815 E-mail:


None declared.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.