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Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932

Clinics vol.65 no.12 São Paulo  2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322010001200024 

REVIEW

 

The locomotor system as seen in Brazilian scientific journals: a mini review

 

 

Mauricio Rocha e Silva

Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. E-mail: mrsilva36@hcnet.usp.br. Tel.: 55 11 3069-6235

 

 


ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To make recent selected publications on the locomotor system available to the readership of Clinics.
METHOD: A general survey of articles published in selected Brazilian journals was inspected and 91 articles were critically analyzed. They were categorized and briefly described. A final summary of themes is reproduced here.
RESULTS: Papers fall into two main categories: articular and muscular pathology and therapeutics; medical sports. A number of papers are not classifiable under these headings.
CONCLUSION: The locomotor system has been extensively analyzed and discussed in the Brazilian scientific press in recent years. Not surprisingly, knee and ankle pathology, soccer and running are dominant themes.

Keywords: Locomotor system; Sports medicine; Osteoarticular pathology; Muscular dysfunction.


 

 

INTRODUCTION

In its function of presenting medical scientific data to our readership, we endeavor to generate critical review articles on subjects covered by Brazilian journals which are now gradually acquiring a higher level of international visibility, largely through recent inclusion in such databases as PUBMED, SCIMAGO and ISI THOMSON JCR. To cover the field of the locomotor system a general survey of articles published in selected Brazilian journals was inspected and 91 articles were critically analyzed. A number of articles come from our own periodical, but only cover contributions published in this year (2010). Selected articles were categorized and briefly described. A final summary of themes is reproduced.

 

METHOD

Examining articles directly or indirectly related to the locomotor system we detected a sample of 91 recently published articles by the journals listed in Table 1; this also shows the distribution of the articles throughout the seven selected journals. As might be expected, Acta Ortopedica Brasileira and Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte are the most important contributors.

 

 

Table 2 shows the main aspects covered in these articles. In terms of anatomical structures, the knees predominate, while in terms of sports modalities, the generic title of exercise represents the largest number of publications.

 

 

GENERAL ANALYSIS

Anatomical problems: Selected papers cover anatomical problems of the foot, ankle, hip, knee, and shoulder as well as problems dealing with muscle and posture.

Five articles cover anatomical problems of the foot and ankle: a new screw is described for the surgical treatment of metatarsal lesions;1 the arterial anatomy in congenital clubfoot was evaluated;7 the epidemiology of ankle sprains in volleyball high performance athletes was evaluated;12 a biomechanical study on the stabilization of tarsometatarsal joint arthrodesis was performed;17 the effects of the active ankle system stabilizer in the vertical jump height in volleyball players is discussed.74

Four articles cover hip problems: describe predictive factors for gait in femoral transtrochanteric fractures is analyzed;6 a new semiologic maneuver for the diagnosis of peritronchateric bursitis is described;8 postoperative gait function following direct lateral and posterolateral approaches for total hip arthroplasty was compared;14 a discussion of physical and sports activity after hip arthroplasty is presented.82

As might be predicted the knee is the most frequently examined anatomical subject, with 12 selected papers: knee stability and mechanics is the object of four papers;2,3,16,36 -anesthetic procedures for knee surgery is discussed in 2 articles;27,34 various forms of knee injury are discussed in four articles;5,10,13,70 one articles examines the properties of synovial plicae30 while one deals with osteoarthritis.32

Eight articles highlight muscular problems: muscular mechanics is the object of five publications;18,71,78,83,86 muscular injuries and treatment thereof are examined in two articles4,11 while one article deals with the histology of frozen muscle.28

Two articles cover problems related to posture,33,69 while a single paper examines anatomical problems in the shoulder.15

Sport modalities. By far the most frequently covered subjects were the repercussions of exercise, examined generically, on the locomotor system. Table 2 lists 29 articles covering different sports modalities and different aspects of the locomotor function. Specific sports analysis are covered for cyclism, football/soccer, running, sailing, swimming, and volleyball. The musculoskeletal injuries in athletes of the 2006 season's Brazilian women's speed canoeing team were described;11 Anaerobic Power Output of Elite Off-road Cyclists With Acute Oral Creatine Supplementation was measured;85 three papers cover lesions and their treatment in football/soccer players;1,70,88 running is discussed in five articles69,71,72,76,87 covering posture, muscle contraction velocity, lactate production in an experimental murine model of running, injuries, and the effect of water temperature on aquatic walking; an epidemiological analysis is performed on Brazilian sailing athletes at different levels of technical competence;91 three articles cover swimming: nutrition of disabled subjects practicing swimming is analyzed,68 the effects of swimming and resistance training on bone mineral density was measured77 and the initial swimming ability in patients with spinal cord injury was analyzed.81 A single paper is dedicated to one of Brazil's most successful sporting modalities, volleyball, in which the mechanics on the spiking/blocking jump of high performance volley players is subject to an interesting procedure of mechanical evaluation.74

Metabolic syndrome and its correlations with the locomotor system are the object of eight articles:19,21,22,24,37,42,52,55 they cover critical problems relating to the effects of overweight and obesity upon the motor system, sporting performance, the ability of the cardiovascular system to adjust to exercise, and to ageing.

Table 2 also shows that as many as 16 published articles relate to the locomotor system but cannot be categorized under specific headings. Readers are advised to go through this collection and pick what may most interest them.

 

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2. Reis JG, Costa GC, Cliquet Júnior A, Piedade SR. Kinematic analisys of the knee when climbing up/down stairs in patellofemoral instability. Acta ortop. bras. 2009;17(3):152-4, doi: 10.1590/S1413-78522009000300005.         [ Links ]

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28. Bitar AC, Santos LA, Croci AT, Pereira JA, Franca Bisneto EN, Giovani AM, et al. Histological study of fresh versus frozen semitendinous muscle tendon allografts. Clinics. 2010;65(3):297-303, doi: 10.1590/S1807-59322010000300010.         [ Links ]

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80. Meira TD, de Moraes FL, Boehme MTS. Correlations among Leptin, Puberty and Exercise in Females. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Jul-Aug;15(4):306-10, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000500015.         [ Links ]

81. Melo ACR. Description of Initial Swimming Ability in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):441-5, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000700008.         [ Links ]

82. Melo ACR. Physical and Sports Activity After Hip Arthroplasty. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Sep-Oct;15(5):389-91, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000600014.         [ Links ]

83. Milazzotto MV, Corazzina LG, Liebano RE. Influence of the Number of Sets and Time of Static Stretching on the Flexibility of Hamstring Muscles in Sedentary Women. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):420-3,doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000700003.         [ Links ]

84. Modolo VB, de Mello MT, de Gimenez PRB, Tufik S, Antunes HKM. Physical Exercise Dependence: Mood, Quality of Life in Amateur and Professional Athletes. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Sep-Oct;15(5):355-9, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000600007.         [ Links ]

85. Molina GE, Rocco GF, Fontana KE. Anaerobic Power Output of Elite Off-road Cyclists With Acute Oral Creatine Supplementation. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Sep-Oct;15(5):374-7, doi: 10. 1590/S1517-86922009000600011.         [ Links ]

86. Neto AG, Manffra EF. Influence of Static Stretching Volume in Isokinetic Variables of Harmstrings. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Mar-Apr;15(2):104-9.         [ Links ]

87. Ovando AC, Eickhoff HM, Dias JA, Winkelmann ER. Effect of Water Temperature in Cardiovascular Responses During Aquatic Walking. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):415-9, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000700002.         [ Links ]

88. Palacio EP, Candeloro BM, Lopes AD. Injuries in the Professional Soccer Players of Marilia Atletico Clube: a Cohort Study of the Brazilian Championship, 2003 to 2005. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Jan-Feb;15(1):31-5, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000100007.         [ Links ]

89. Panissa VLG, Bertuzzi RCD, de Lira FS, Julio UF, Franchini E. Concurrent Exercise: Analysis of the Acute Effect of the Performance Order on the Total Energy Expenditure. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Mar-Apr;15(2):127-31, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000200009.         [ Links ]

90. Pauli JR, Ropelle ER, Cintra DE, de Souza CT. Effects of Physical Exercise in the Ampk alpha Expression and Activity in High-fat Diet Induced Obese Rats. Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. 2009 Mar-Apr;15(2):98-103, doi: 10.1590/S1517-86922009000200003.         [ Links ]

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