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Fisioterapia e Pesquisa

versão impressa ISSN 1809-2950

Fisioter. Pesqui. vol.21 no.4 São Paulo out./dez. 2014

http://dx.doi.org/10.590/1809-2950/00000124042014 

Editorial

Fibromyalgia: recommendations and possibilities

Amélia Pasqual Marques

Fibromyalgia is defined as a rheumatologic condition characterized by generalized chronical pain, hyperalgesia, and allodynia, and symptoms like fatigue, sleep disorders, morning rigidity, cephalea and parestesias are also present associated with some comorbidities, such as depression and anxiety.

Exercising is the non-pharmacological therapy recommended as the first step for an interdisciplinary approach. The aerobic exercise, mainly, presents strong evidences in the improvement of global well-being, physical capacity, pain and painful sensitivity to palpation. Muscle strengthening and stretching are also benefic, however they do not have many evidences.

Besides such activities, the number of physical therapists that make use of alternative and complementary therapies (acupuncture, massage, tai chi, yoga, shiatsu, among others) is increasing in the treatment of chronical conditions of rheumatic patients, namely subjects with fibromyalgia. Nevertheless, in general, the effectiveness of such practices is still being investigated. Therefore, guidance, recommendation or use of these modalities must be carefully done, taking into consideration the lack of evidence until now. Systematic reviews point the quality of studies as one of the greatest limitations.

The following question remains: should we stimulate physical therapists to use only the modalities that have evidence, like exercises? Should we discourage the use of alternative and complementary therapies or recommend the deep knowledge of these techniques and accomplishment of quality studies to check their effects? As researchers, we could think about only the first alternative, i.e. recommending exercises. However, as clinicians, we must stimulate the deep knowledge of alternative and complementary modalities and the accomplishment of quality clinical assays in order to verify their real effects in patients with fibromyalgia.

Amélia Pasqual Marques Editora

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.