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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823

Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. vol.14 no.1 Rio de Janeiro Jan./Mar. 2011

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232011000100016 

ARTIGO DE REVISÃO REVIEW ARTICLE

 

O idoso e sua espiritualidade: impacto sobre diferentes aspectos do envelhecimento

 

The elderly and their spirituality: impact on different aspects of aging

 

 

Giancarlo LucchettiI; Alessandra Lamas Granero LucchettiII; Rodrigo Modena BassiIII; Fabio NasriIV; Salete Aparecida da Ponte NacifV

ISetor de Geriatria da Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo e Grupo de Estudos em Envelhecimento da Associação Médico-Espírita de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
IICentro Interdisciplinar de Assistência e Pesquisa em Envelhecimento, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Minas Gerais e Grupo de Estudos em Envelhecimento da Associação Médico-Espírita de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
IIIGrupo de Estudos em Envelhecimento da Associação Médico-Espírita de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
IVPrograma de Geriatria e Gerontologia do Hospital Albert Einstein e Grupo de Estudos em Envelhecimento da Associação Médico-Espírita de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
VDisciplina de Clínica Médica da Universidade Federal de São Paulo e Grupo de Estudos em Envelhecimento da Associação Médico-Espírita de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Correspondência / Correspondence

 

 


RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O interesse sobre a espiritualidade e a religiosidade sempre existiu no curso da história humana, a despeito de diferentes épocas ou culturas. Contudo, apenas recentemente a ciência tem demonstrado interesse em investigar o tema. Estudos e pesquisas demonstram que a faixa etária acima dos 65 anos é aquela com mais contato frente a sua espiritualidade e religiosidade. O objetivo do presente estudo é realizar uma revisão da literatura científica que norteia essa temática e investigar qual o impacto da espiritualidade em diferentes aspectos do envelhecimento.
METODOLOGIA: Pesquisa nas bases de dados Pubmed/Medline, LILACS e Scielo, nos idiomas inglês e português, entre 1966 e 2009, utilizando as palavras-chave aged/idoso e spirituality/espiritualidade.
RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 48 artigos divididos nas seguintes temáticas: envelhecimento bem-sucedido, bem-estar, qualidade de vida, doenças crônico-degenerativas, doenças neuro-psiquiátricas, funcionalidade, mortalidade e impacto no fim da vida.
CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que o envelhecimento possui uma relação íntima com a espiritualidade nos seus mais diferentes aspectos e percebe-se que há uma escassez de pesquisas sobre espiritualidade/religiosidade em idosos.

Palavras-chave: Espiritualidade. Geriatria. Idoso. Religião.


ABSTRACT

The interest on spirituality and religion has always existed in the course of human history, despite different periods or cultures. However, only recently, science has shown interest in investigating this issue. Studies demonstrate that those aged 65 years old or more have more contact with their spirituality and religiosity. This article aims to conduct a review from scientific literature that deals with this issue and investigate the impact of spirituality on different aspects of ageing.
METHODS: A search on Pubmed/Medline, LILACS and Scielo was carried out, including articles from 1966 to 2009, in English or Portuguese, using the keywords: aged/idoso e spirituality/espiritualidade.
RESULTS: Forty eight articles were included and divided in: successful aging, well-being, quality of life, chronic-degenerative diseases, neuro-psychiatric diseases, functional status, mortality and end of life care.
CONCLUSION: Aging has a close relationship with spirituality in many different aspects and there is a paucity of research on spirituality/religiosity in the elderly.

Key words: Spirituality. Religiousness. Geriatrics. Elderly.


 

 

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Correspondência / Correspondence
Giancarlo Lucchetti
E-mail: g.lucchtti@yahoo.com.br

Recebido: 15/10/2009
Revisado: 23/6/2010
Aprovado: 03/9/2010

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