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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764

Dement. neuropsychol. vol.1 no.3 São Paulo July/Sept. 2007

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642008DN10300007 

Original Articles

Sensitivity and applicability of the Brazilian version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)

Sensibilidade e aplicabilidade da versão brasileira da "Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia" (BACS)

João Vinícius Salgado 1   2  

Carolina F. Richards Carvalhaes 2  

Annelise de Matos Pires 2  

Maila de Castro L. das Neves 1  

Breno Fiúza Cruz 1  

Clareci Silva Cardoso 3  

Helio Lauar 1  

Antonio Lúcio Teixeira 4  

Richard S.E. Keefe 5  

1Department of Psychiatry, Raul Soares Institute, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

2Neuropsychology and Education Department, Health Sciences School, FUMEC University, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

3Epidemiology Research Group.

4Neurology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

5Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.


Abstract

Cognitive assessment in schizophrenia has traditionally used batteries that are long and complex or differ widely in their content. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) has been developed to cover the main cognitive deficits of schizophrenia as well as to be easily and briefly administered, portable, sensitive and reliable. Objectives: To investigate the applicability and sensitivity of the Brazilian Version of the BACS (Brazilian-BACS). Methods: Performance of 20 stable patients with schizophrenia on the Brazilian-BACS was compared to 20 matched healthy controls. Results: Applying the Brazilian-BACS required 43.4±8.4 minutes for patients and 40.5±5.7 minutes for controls (p=0.17). All tests demonstrated significant differences between controls and patients (P<0.01). Pearson's correlation analysis and Cronbach's a evidenced a high internal consistency for patient performance. The cognitive deficit in the patients was approximately 1.5 standard deviations below controls. These results were consistent with those reported in the validation of the original version and in meta-analyses of similar studies. Conclusions: The Brazilian-BACS displayed good applicability and sensitivity in assessing the major cognitive constructs that are impaired in schizophrenia. Thus, the Brazilian-BACS seems to be a promising tool for assessing cognition in patients with schizophrenia in Brazil.

Key words: schizophrenia; cognition; neuropsychological assessment; BACS.

Resumo

A avaliação cognitiva na esquizofrenia tem utilizado tradicionalmente baterias longas e complexas ou que variam significativamente em seu conteúdo. A "Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia" (BACS) foi desenvolvida para cobrir os principais déficits cognitivos na esquizofrenia, para ser de fácil e breve aplicação, assim como portátil, sensível e confiável. Objetivos: Investigar a aplicabilidade e a sensibilidade da versão brasileira da BACS (Brazilian-BACS). Métodos: O desempenho de 20 pacientes estáveis com esquizofrenia na Brazilian-BACS foi comparado ao de 20 controles saudáveis pareados. Resultados: A aplicação da Brazilian-BACS exigiu 43.4±8.4 minutos nos pacientes e 40.5±5.7 minutos nos controles (p=0.17). Todos os testes foram significativamente diferentes entre pacientes e controles (P<0.01). A correlação de Pearson e o alfa de Cronbach evidenciaram alto grau de consistência interna no desempenho dos pacientes. O déficit cognitivo nos pacientes foi cerca de 1,5 desvio-padrão menor do que nos controles. Esses resultados são consistentes com os relatados na validação da versão original e em meta-análises de estudos similares. Conclusões: A Brazilian-BACS mostrou boas aplicabilidade e sensibilidade na investigação dos principais domínios cognitivos comprometidos na esquizofrenia. Portanto, a Brazilian-BACS mostra-se um instrumento promissor no estudo da cognição de pacientes com esquizofrenia no Brasil.

Palavras-chave: esquizofrenia; cognição; avaliação neuropsicológica; BACS.

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João Vinícius Salgado - Rua Patagônia 84 / Apto 801 - 30320-080 Belo Horizonte MG - Brasil.

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