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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764

Dement. neuropsychol. vol.4 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642010DN40400006 

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Naming abilities: Differentiation between objects and verbs in aphasia

Habilidade de nomeação: diferenciação entre objetos e verbos na afasia

Luisa Carmen Spezzano 1  

Márcia Radanovic 2  

1Speech Pathologist, Post-graduate student, Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine Medicine Brazil.

2MD, MsC, PhD, Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine PhD Brazil.

Abstract

Cognitive Neuropsychology aims to understand the processing mechanisms of normal and injured brain, by means of functional architectural models of information processing. Naming is one of the most important abilities in linguistic processing. Naming of different semantic and grammatical categories differ in their lexical properties and have distinct neuroanatomical substrates. We reviewed literature data on the differences between nouns and verbs in aphasic subjects reported by scientific publications in the form of indexed articles. Studies on naming abilities tended to emphasize the differentiation between nouns and verbs both in their lexical properties and neuroanatomical substrates. Functional neuroimaging studies have improved the state of knowledge regarding category-specific naming abilities, but further studies on different types of aphasia and the use of naming abilities in different contexts are warranted.

Key words: aphasia; language; names

Resumo

A Neuropsicologia Cognitiva busca compreender o funcionamento cerebral através de modelos de arquiteturas funcionais do processamento da informação. A nomeação constitui uma das tarefas mais importantes no processamento da linguagem. A nomeação de diferentes categorias semânticas e gramaticais difere em suas propriedades lexicais e possui substratos neuroanatômicos distintos. Revisamos dados da literatura sobre a diferenciação da habilidade de nomeação de categorias específcas e seus substratos neurais em afásicos, por meio de publicações científicas em forma de artigos indexados. Estudos sobre as habilidades de nomeação enfatizam a distinção entre substantivos e verbos, em suas propriedades lexicais e substratos neuroanatômicos. Pesquisas com exames de neuroimagem funcional tem contribuído para o avanço do conhecimento da nomeação, porém ainda são necessários estudos que relacionem diferentes categorias semânticas nas diferentes afasias e contextos lingüísticos.

Palavras-chave: afasia; linguagem; nomes

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

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Received: September 03, 2010; Accepted: October 09, 2010

Luisa Carmen Spezzano - Rua Dom Sebastião Tomás 128 - 04136-100 São Paulo SP - Brazil. E-mail: spezzanolc@yahoo.com.br

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest

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