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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

versão impressa ISSN 1980-5764

Dement. neuropsychol. vol.6 no.4 São Paulo out./dez. 2012

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642012DN06040002 

Visões & Revisões

Occupational health, cognitive disorders and occupational neuropsychology

Saúde ocupacional, transtornos cognitivos e neuropsicologia ocupacional

Leonardo Caixeta1 

George Martins Ney da Silva Júnior2 

Victor de Melo Caixeta2 

Cláudio Henrique Ribeiro Reimer3 

Paulo Verlaine Borges e Azevedo3 

1MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine of Federal University of Goiás (UFG). Coordinator, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Unit, Hospital das Clínicas - UFG, Goiânia GO, Brazil.

2MD, Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Unit, Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia GO, Brazil.

3MD, PhD, Professor of Psychiatry, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás (PUC-GO), Goiânia GO, Brazil.


ABSTRACT

Work can be an important etiologic factor in the genesis of some mental disorders including cognitive disability. Occupational neuropsychology constitutes an intriguing new but neglected area of research and clinical practice which deals with the neurocognitive consequences of the work environment and work habits. Neuropsychological knowledge is fundamental to understand cognitive requirements of work competence. Work can impact sleep patterns and mental energy, which in turn can cause neuropsychological symptoms. This report presents relevant evidence to illustrate the relationship between work and cognitive dysfunction.

Key words: occupational health; cognitive disorders; neuropsychology; executive functions; burnout

RESUMO

O trabalho pode ser um importante fator etiológico na gênese de algumas doenças mentais, incluindo transtornos cognitivos. A neuropsicologia ocupacional constitui uma intrigante, mas negligenciada nova área de pesquisa e atuação clínica, que lida com as consequências neurocognitivas do ambiente e dos hábitos de trabalho. O conhecimento neuropsicológico é fundamental para se entender os pressupostos cognitivos da competência no trabalho. O trabalho pode afetar os padrões de sono e de energia mental, que por sua vez podem causar sintomas neuropsicológicos. Foi realizada uma apresentação de evidências relevantes para ilustrar a relação entre trabalho e disfunção cognitiva.

Palavras-chave: saúde ocupacional; transtornos cognitivos; neuropsicologia; funções executivas; burnout

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

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Received: July 19, 2012; Accepted: October 03, 2012

Leonardo Caixeta. Instituto da Memória / Universidade Federal de Goiás - Avenida Cristo Rei, 626 / setor Jaó - 74674-290 Goiânia GO - Brazil. E-mail: leonardocaixeta1@gmail.com

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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