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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764

Dement. neuropsychol. vol.8 no.1 São Paulo Mar. 2014

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642014DN81000003 

Views & Reviews

Sport-related concussions

Concussões relacionadas ao esporte

Jéssica Natuline Ianof1 

Fabio Rios Freire1  2 

Vanessa Tomé Gonçalves Calado1  2 

Juliana Rhein Lacerda1  2 

Fernanda Coelho1  2 

Silvia Veitzman1  2 

Magali Taino Schmidt1 

Sergio Machado3 

Bruna Velasques4 

Pedro Ribeiro4 

Luis Fernando Hindi Basile5  6 

Wellingson Silva Paiva2  6 

Robson Amorim2  6 

Renato Anghinah1  2 

1Center of Cognitive Rehabilitation after Traumatic Brain Injury of the Neurology Department of Hospital das Clinicas of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

2Neurology and Neurosurgery Service at Hospital Samaritano, São Paulo, Brazil.

3University Salgado de Oliveira, Niterói - RJ and Panic and Respiration Laboratory, (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

4Laboratory of Brain Mapping and Sensory-Motor Integration (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

5Laboratory of Psychophysiology, School of Health, University Metodista of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

6Division of Neurosurgery, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of lifelong disability and death worldwide. Sport-related traumatic brain injury is an important public health concern. The purpose of this review was to highlight the importance of sport-related concussions. Concussion refers to a transient alteration in consciousness induced by external biomechanical forces transmitted directly or indirectly to the brain. It is a common, although most likely underreported, condition. Contact sports such as American football, rugby, soccer, boxing, basketball and hockey are associated with a relatively high prevalence of concussion. Various factors may be associated with a greater risk of sport-related concussion, such as age, sex, sport played, level of sport played and equipment used. Physical complaints (headache, fatigue, dizziness), behavioral changes (depression, anxiety, irritability) and cognitive impairment are very common after a concussion. The risk of premature return to activities includes the prolongation of post-concussive symptoms and increased risk of concussion recurrence.

Key words: TBI; traumatic brain injury; concussion; sports

RESUMO

O traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE) é uma das principais causas de deficiência ao longo da vida e de morte no mundo. As lesões cerebrais traumáticas relacionadas ao esporte são um problema de saúde pública de grande impacto. O intuito desta revisão foi expor a importância das concussões relacionadas ao esporte. A concussão é uma alteração transitória da consciência induzida por forças biomecânicas externas que podem ser direta ou indiretamente transmitidas ao cérebro. Sua ocorrência é comum, mas provavelmente é subnotificada. Esportes de contato, como futebol americano, rugby, futebol, boxe, basquetebol e hóquei, estão associados a uma prevalência relativamente alta de concussão. Diferentes fatores podem estar associados a um maior risco de concussão relacionada ao esporte, como idade, sexo, esporte jogado, categoria de esporte jogado e equipamentos utilizados. Queixas físicas (dores de cabeça, fadiga, tonturas), alterações comportamentais (depressão, ansiedade, irritabilidade) e comprometimento cognitivo são muito comuns após uma concussão. O risco de retorno prematuro às atividades inclui o prolongamento dos sintomas pós-concussionais e o aumento do risco de recorrência de concussão.

Palavras-chave: TCE; traumatismo cranioencefálico; concussão; esportes

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Full text available only in PDF format.

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Received: August 21, 2013; Accepted: November 20, 2014

Renato Anghinah. Rua Itacolomi 333 / 83 - 01239-020 São Paulo SP - Brazil. E-mail: anghinah@terra.com.br

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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