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Revista Odonto Ciência

On-line version ISSN 1980-6523

Rev. odonto ciênc. (Online) vol.25 no.2 Porto Alegre  2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65232010000200003 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

 

Streptococcus mutans in denture stomatitis patients under antifungal therapy

 

Streptococcus mutans em pacientes com estomatite protética submetidos à terapia antifúngica

 

 

Laurylene César de S. VasconcelosI; Fábio Correia SampaioI; Maria Carméli Correia SampaioII; Maria do Socorro Vieira PereiraIII; Maria Helena Pereira PeixotoIII

IDepartment of Clinical and Social Dentistry, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
IIDepartment of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
IIIDepartment of Molecular Biology, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

Correspondence

 

 


ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the number of Streptococcus mutans in saliva of patients with denture stomatitis before and after antifungal therapy.
METHODS: After examining 93 patients, 47 were selected for fungal test. Then, from this sample, thirty patients were selected: 15 with positive and 15 with negative diagnosis for candidiasis that were evaluated for S. mutans counting, salivary flow and buffer capacity evaluation. Oral hygiene and prosthesis hygiene, period using prosthesis, lesion type and salivary data were related with clinical laboratorial characteristics of the patients with Candida.
RESULTS: The most frequent lesions were type I (43.5%) and II (53.5%). The amount of S. mutans was six times higher in patients with candidiasis and it was associated with low salivary flow and poor oral hygiene. After therapy, a reduction of S. mutans was verified particularly in patients with normal salivary flow. The values ranged from 0.01 to 3.88 x 104 cfu/mL.
CONCLUSION: The data suggest that Streptococcus spp collaborates with Candida spp in the etiology and pathogenesis of denture stomatitis. The use of oral antimicrobial agents may provide a beneficial effect for denture stomatitis patients that are under antifungal therapy and that have poor oral hygiene and unfavorable salivary parameters.

Key words: Dental prosthesis; antifungal agents; Candida; Streptococcus mutans


RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Verificar o número de Streptococcus mutans em saliva de pacientes com estomatite protética antes e após a terapia antifúngica.
METODOLOGIA: Após exame clínico de 93 pacientes, 47 foram selecionados para exame micológico e desta amostra foram selecionados trinta pacientes: 15 com diagnóstico positivo e 15 com diagnóstico negativo de candidose foram avaliados para contagem de S. mutans, determinação de fluxo salivar e capacidade tampão. Higiene bucal e da prótese, tempo de confecção, tipo de lesão e dados salivares foram relacionados com características clínicas e laboratoriais de Candida.
RESULTADOS: As lesões frequentes foram dos tipos I (43,5%) e II (53,5%). A quantidade de S. mutans foi seis vezes maior em pacientes com candidose e foi associada com baixo fluxo salivar e higiene oral deficiente. Após a terapia, a redução de S. mutans foi verificada particularmente em pacientes com fluxo salivar normal. Os valores variaram de 0,01 a 3,88 UFC/ml x 104.
CONCLUSÃO: Os dados sugerem que os Streptococcus colaboram com Candida spp na etiopatogenia da estomatite protética. O uso de agentes antimicrobianos orais pode propiciar efeito benéfico para pacientes com estomatite protética submetidos à terapia antifúngica e que apresentam higiene oral deficiente e parâmetros salivares desfavoráveis.

Palavras-chave: Prótese dentária; agentes antifúngicos; Candida; Streptococcus mutans


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

Acknowledgments

This study is part of a doctoral thesis and it was supported by Lauro Wanderley University Hospital for its realization.

 

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Correspondence:
Laurylene César de Souza Vasconcelos
R. Maria Helena da Rocha, 113 - Aeroclube
João Pessoa, PB - Brasil 58036-823
E-mail: laurylene@uol.com.br

Received: May 20, 2009
Accepted: March 31, 2010

 

 

Conflict of Interest Statement: The authors state that there are no financial and personal conflicts of interest that could have inappropriately influenced their work.