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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária

On-line version ISSN 1984-2961

Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. vol.21 no.4 Jaboticabal Oct./Dec. 2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612012000400012 

RESEARCH NOTE

 

New records of Muscidae (Diptera) in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

 

Novos registros de dípteros muscóides em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil

 

 

Hera Luana LuizII; Tiago Ledesma TairaIII; Wilson Werner KollerI

ILaboratório de Ectoparasitologia, Área de Sanidade Animal, Embrapa Gado de Corte, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
IICurso de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul - UFMS, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
IIICurso de Agronomia, Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul - UEMS, Aquidauana, MS, Brasil

Correspondence to

 

 


ABSTRACT

Synanthropic flies outstanding beside other flies due their relative abundance close to domestic animals and human population, to which they are able to cause myiasis or transmit pathogenic agents. As they're necrophagous they act as corpse decomposers and are useful in the forensic entomology in the post mortem interval determination. This study aimed to know flies diversity and abundance in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Captures were made weekly, utilizing three traps baited with decaying fish meat, from June of 2008 to May of 2009 in a remainder ciliary forest of the Embrapa's Cattle Beef Experimental Farm. The dipterans families that were considered and respectively number of collected specimens were: Calliphoridae (105,334); Muscidae (27,999); Sarcophagidae (21,083); Fanniidae (17,759) and Mesembrinellidae (305), totalizing 172,480 dipterous. To the local known species some Muscidae were increased as follows: Neomuscina atincticosta, Pseudoptilolepis elbida, Polietina orbitalis, Polietina flavithorax, Scutellomusca scutellaris, Graphomya analis and Morellia couriae.

Keywords: Calliphoridae, fish bait, Muscidae, relative abundance.


RESUMO

As moscas sinantrópicas se destacam pelo fato de serem relativamente abundantes junto à população humana e animais domésticos, podendo causar a estes miíases ou transmitir agentes patogênicos. Por serem necrófagas, atuam na decomposição de cadáveres e são úteis para a entomologia forense como indicadores na determinação do intervalo post mortem - IPM. Este trabalho visou conhecer a diversidade e a abundância das espécies em Campo Grande, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. As capturas foram realizadas semanalmente, com três armadilhas, utilizando isca de peixe deteriorado, durante o período de junho de 2008 a maio de 2009 em mata ciliar remanescente na fazenda experimental da Embrapa Gado de Corte. Foram consideradas as seguintes famílias de dípteros, seguidas pelo número de exemplares obtidos: Calliphoridae (105.334); Muscidae (27.999); Sarcophagidae (21.083); Fanniidae (17.759) e Mesembrinellidae (305), totalizando 172.480 dípteros. Foram acrescentadas às espécies de Muscidae já notificadas para o local deste estudo: Neomuscina atincticosta, Pseudoptilolepis elbida, Polietina orbitalis, Polietina flavithorax, Scutellomusca scutellaris, Graphomya analis e Morellia couriae.

Palavras-chave: Calliphoridae, isca de peixe, Muscidae, abundância relativa.


 

 

The flies that belong to the Calliphoridae, Mesembrinellidae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae, and Fanniidae families are mostly associated with decaying meat and/or corpses (D'ALMEIDA; ALMEIDA, 1998; CARVALHO; MELLO-PATIU, 2009). Several species can also develop in vegetable organic matter. Besides its usefulness as a decaying matter decompositor, these flies have great importance as pollinators (FAEGRI; VAN DER PIJL, 1979). They also can cause economic damage when responsible for primary myiasis (Cochliomyia hominivorax) or secondary myiasis (GUIMARÃES; PAPAVERO, 1999). Especially in cattle, an annual loss in meat and milk production estimated at US$ 150 million has been suggested by Grisi et al. (2002), only due C. hominivorax action. By visiting these different food sources, including garbage and sewage, they pose a risk to human and livestock health, due to their ability to convey pathogens (VON ZUBEN et al., 1996).

The most common species on cadavers, because they have their biology well studied, were used as indicators in forensic entomology to determine postmortem interval - PMI (SALVIANO et al., 1996; ANDRADE et al., 2005). Besides synanthropic flies, because of their abundance, proximity to man, health, and economic importance, the Calliphoridae and Muscidae families are considered the most interesting (LOPES, 2000).

This study was conducted for a better understanding of local diversity of flies belonging to the families above highlighted. For the catches we used three traps adapted from Ferreira (1978), using as containers for collection two two-liter PET bottles in a system of three funnels of the same type of bottle. The traps were activated for two days a week and catches occurred from June 2008 to May 2009.

The traps were installed in a remnant ciliary forest near the headquarters of the experimental farm of Embrapa Beef Cattle Research Center, 1.2 meters above the floor and about 100 meters distant from each other. Every week, about a third of the bait, 150 grams per trap, was replaced by fish exposed to the environment during 48 hours, with enough water to keep the bait moist during the two days of activation. The fish used is popularly known as "piau-three-spots" - Leporinus reinhardt (Anostomidae, Characiformes). The flies catched were killed with ethyl acetate and taken to the Embrapa Beef Cattle Entomology Laboratory - Animal Health Sector - , at which species screening and quantification were performed based on especific keys (CARVALHO; RIBEIRO, 2000; CARVALHO, 2002; SCHUEHLI; CARVALHO, 2005; CARVALHO; MELLO-PATIU, 2009). After that, species to be confirmed and/or identified were sent to the Federal University of Parana, in Curitiba, to the Center for Environmental and Wildlife Studies (CDZOO). The relative abundance of the families here studied, as well as the mentioned species, is showed on Table 1.

 

 

In this samples, the Calliphoridae family was represented by the same species previously reported by Gomes et al. (1998), featuring, in descending order, the following total of captured specimens: Chrysomya albiceps - 74,843; Chrysomya megacephala - 19,975; Chloroprocta idioidea - 6966; Chrysomya putoria - 1278; Cochliomyia macellaria - 1111; Lucilia eximia - 909; Hemilucilia segmentaria - 176; Lucilia cuprina - 60; Cochliomyia hominivorax - 14; and Hemilucilia semidiaphana - 2. These ten species added for a total of 105,334 flies, accounting for 61.07% of the total capture.

The Muscidae family was represented, including those reported by Gomes et al. (1998) and Koller et al. (2004), by 16 species already determined and two still to be determined, showing the following total of captured specimens: Atherigona orientalis - 18,189, Musca domestica - 3,073; Synthesiomyia nudiseta - 2,777; Pseudoptilolepis elbida - 1,037; Ophyra aenescens - 914; Neomuscina atincticosta - 680; Parapyrellia maculipennis - 562; Biopyrellia bipuncta - 245; Morellia nigricosta - 187; Ophyra solitaria - 153; Polietina flavithorax - 74; Morellia humeralis - 65; Morellia couriae - 16; Muscidae sp .1 - 14; Muscidae sp.2 - 5; Polietina orbitalis - 5; Graphomya analis - 2, and Scutellomusca scutellaris - 1. The total number of captured specimens of this family was 27,999, representing 16.23% of the catched flies. Although there were used decaying fish meat in this catches, the authors mentioned above used baits consisted by deteriorated beef liver for Calliphoridae and Muscidae.

Mesembrinellidae was represented only by the species Mesembrinella peregrina and occurred in relatively low numbers. It presented a total of 305 flies, only 0.18% of total captured. Fanniidae local species were recently identified by Gomes et al. (2002). Thus, they were here only identified as genus, and counting 17,759 Fannia spp. flies that represented 10.3% of the total flies captured. Representatives of Sarcophagidae were identified until family level, resulting in 21,083 individuals, which accounted for 12.22% of the 172,480 flies belonging to the families here considered (Table 1).

It was registered for the first time in Campo Grande, MS, the occurrence of the Muscidae species: Neomuscina atincticosta, Pseudoptilolepis elbida, Polietina orbitalis, P. flavithorax, Scutellomusca scutellaris, Graphomya analis, and Morellia couriae.

Concerning the geographical distribution of these species, Carvalho (2002) registered that N. atincticosta occurs in Brazil, but it is not specified in wich states of the country. P. elbida is referred only to Paraguay (SCHUEHLI; CARVALHO, 2005); P. orbitalis occurs in Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina; P. flavithorax in Peru and Brazil; S. scutellaris in Brazil; G. analis in Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Brazil; and, finally, M. couriae is reported only to Brazil.

 

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Correspondence to:
Wilson Werner Koller
Embrapa Gado de Corte
Av. Rádio Maia, 830
CEP 79106-550, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil
e-mail: wilson.koller@embrapa.br

Received July 17, 2011
Accepted December 19, 2011

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