SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.32 issue6Addendum for the paper "Two new species of Emersonella (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Entedoninae) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest"ERRATA author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Zoologia (Curitiba)

Print version ISSN 1984-4670On-line version ISSN 1984-4689

Zoologia (Curitiba) vol.32 no.6 Curitiba Nov./Dec. 2015 

Short Communication

Two new replacement names in Ichneumonidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) from the Neotropical Region

Daniell R.R. Fernandes1 

1Programa de Pós-graduação em Entomologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia. Avenida André Araújo 2936, Aleixo, Caixa Postal 478, 69011-970 Manaus, AM, Brazil. E-mail:


New replacement names are proposed in Trathala Cameron, 1899 (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae) and Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 (Ichneumonidae: Ophioninae) from the Neotropical Region.

KEY WORDS. Cremastinae; Enicospilus; Ophioninae; parasitoid wasp; Trathala

During the compilation of data for the checklist of Brazilian Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) (Fernandes et al. 2014) and the catalog of Ichneumonidae from Brazil, organized under the framework of the Taxonomic Catalog of Brazilian Fauna (Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil - CTFB), two specific homonyms in Ichneumonidae were observed. Thus, according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Article 57 (ICZN 1999), I propose new replacement names for these junior secondary homonyms.


Cremastinae Forster, 1869

Trathala Cameron, 1899

Trathala enderleini nom. nov.

Townes (in Townes & Townes 1966) transferred Cremastus flaviceps Enderlein, 1921 to Trathala flaviceps (Enderlein, 1921), but this name was preoccupied by Trathala flaviceps (Cameron, 1911). Consequently, the name described by Enderlein (1921) is invalid. Here, I propose Trathala enderleini nom. nov. for Trathala flaviceps (Enderlein, 1921).

Etymology. The new specific name is in honor to Günther Enderlein, an eminent entomologist and zoologist and author of the species.

Ophioninae Shuckard, 1840

Enicospilus Stephens, 1835

Enicospilus innominatus nom. nov.

Brullé (1846) described Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846 from one female from French Guiana. Later, Townes (in Townes & Townes 1966) transferred this species to Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 and renamed it as Enicospilus laevis Townes, 1966, because the name "flavus" was preoccupied by Enicospilus flavus (Fabricius, 1775) (Townes & Townes 1966). However, another species already had that same name, Enicospilus laevis (Seyrig, 1935) [now a junior synonym of Enicospilus communis (Szépligeti, 1906), sinonymized by Gauld & Mitchell 1978] (Yu & Horstmann 1997). Consequently, the new name proposed by Townes for Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846 is invalid. Herein I propose Enicospilus innominatus nom. nov.for Ophion flavus Brullé, 1846.

Etymology. The new specific name refers to the fact that the species had no valid name after it was discovered that the original and further replacement species names were no longer valid.


To Bernardo F. dos Santos, Gil F.G. Miranda, José A. Rafael and Ricardo Kawada for comments and suggestions. To CAPES for the postdoctoral fellowship granted (PNPD/CAPES).


Brullé MA (1846) Des Hymenopteres, p. 1-680. In: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A (Ed.) Histoire Naturelles des Insectes. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, 680p. [ Links ]

Enderlein G (1921) Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropaischer Ichneumoniden V. Uber die Familie Ophionidae. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 82: 3-45. [ Links ]

Fernandes DRR, Onody HC, Lara RIR, Perioto NW (2014) Annotated Checklist of Brazilian Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). EntomoBrasilis 7(2): 124-133. doi: 10.12741/ebrasilis.v7i2.330 [ Links ]

Gauld ID, Mitchell PA (1978) The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of African parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae. Slough, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, 287p. [ Links ]

ICZN (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomeclature. Lon don, International Trust for Zoological Nomeclature, 4th ed., 365p. [ Links ]

Townes H, Townes M (1966) A catalogue and reclassification of neotropic Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 8: 1-367. [ Links ]

Yu D, Horstmann K (1997) Catalogue of world Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 58: 1-1558. [ Links ]

Received: August 19, 2015; Revised: October 15, 2015; Accepted: October 29, 2015

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License