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Journal of Transport Literature

On-line version ISSN 2238-1031

J. Transp. Lit. vol.6 no.2 Manaus Apr./June 2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2238-10312012000200002 

RESEARCH DIRECTORY

 

Measuring the transportation needs of seniors

 

 

Mensuração das necessidades de transporte de idosos

 

 

Rania Wasfi; David Levinson*; Ahmed El-Geneidy

McGill University, USA, University of Minnesota, USA, McGill University, USA

 

 


ABSTRACT

Transportation systems are built with the intention to serve communities by providing accessibility and mobility. Yet seniors residing in these communities face different challenges compared to regular commuters. Seniors have special needs in terms of desired destinations and challenges faced due to limitations in mobility and decline of accessibility levels where they reside. In this research paper we discuss major findings from a mail-out mail-in survey conducted in Hennepin County, Minnesota to measuring met and unmet urban transportation needs of seniors. Compared to previous research this study uses primary collected data rather than relying on travel surveys, which does not measure the unmet urban transportation needs of seniors. The findings from this survey is consistent in term of measuring the existing travel behavior of seniors, which raises our confidence in the information being collected related to the unmet transportation needs of seniors. Seniors are found to be generally independent and rely mainly on auto usage to reach desired destinations at higher rates compared to the rest of the population. The majority of seniors reported although they are currently independent they do know that such independency is not permanent and they have to learn more about alternatives available to them. This study helps transportation engineers and planners in better understanding the current and future challenges that they will face with an aging population.

Key words: seniors; accessibility; mobility; urban transportation.


RESUMO

Os sistemas de transporte são construídos com a intenção de servir as comunidades, proporcionando acessibilidade e mobilidade. No entanto, os idosos que residem nessas comunidades enfrentam desafios diferentes em comparação com os passageiros regulares. Idosos têm necessidades especiais em termos de destinos desejados e desafios enfrentados devido a limitações em mobilidade e diminuição dos níveis de acessibilidade, onde eles residem. Na presente pesquisa discutimos as conclusões principais de uma pesquisa com questionários enviados por correio realizada em Hennepin County, Minnesota, para medir as necessidades atendidas e não atendidas de transporte urbano de idosos. Em comparação com a pesquisa anterior, este estudo utiliza dados primários coletados em vez de confiar em pesquisas com viajantes, que não medem as necessidades não atendidas de transporte urbano de idosos. Os resultados deste estudo é consistente em termos de medir o comportamento de viagem existente de idosos, o que aumenta nossa confiança na informação a ser recolhida relacionada com as necessidades não atendidas de transporte de idosos. Revelou-se que os idosos são independentes e se baseiam principalmente na utilização de automóvel para alcançar destinos desejados, em uma proporção mais elevada em comparação com o resto da população. A maioria dos idosos relatou que, embora sejam atualmente independentes, eles sabem que tal independência não é permanente e eles têm de aprender mais sobre as alternativas disponíveis a eles. Este estudo ajuda os engenheiros e planejadores de transporte para uma melhor compreensão dos desafios atuais e futuros que terão de enfrentar com uma população envelhecida.

Palavras-Chave: idosos; acessibilidade; mobilidade; transporte urbano.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

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Submitted 14 Jun 2011; received in revised form 22 Nov 2011; accepted 30 Jan 2012

 

 

* Email: dlevinson@umn.edu.

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