VALENTE, Maria Emília Rodrigues; PEREZ, Ronaldo and FERNANDES, Lucia Regina Rangel de Moraes Valente. O processo de reconhecimento das indicações geográficas de alimentos e bebidas brasileiras: regulamento de uso, delimitação da área e diferenciação do produto. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.7, pp. 1330-1336. Epub June 07, 2013. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782013005000076.
Research studies the process of construction of geographical indications for Brazilian food and beverage
Researchers from Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and from the National Institute of Industrial Property demonstrated that several Brazilian agencies act decisively in the stages of preparation of regulations for the use and construction process of geographical indications (GI) of Brazilian food and drinks. The study was published in Ciência Rural journal, v.43, n.7, of July 2013.
The study aimed to characterize the conduct of the stages of preparation of rules, area delineation and reputation proof and the relationship between product and geographical environment of GIs Brazilian. For this, the researchers conducted a research survey in the Brazilian regulatory agencies, with semi-structured questionnaires.
According to the results, even if there are still gaps in the Brazilian legislation on GIs, many organs make enable the construction process of GIs Brazilian and act decisively in the stages of drafting the regulations, defining the area and the relationship between geographical environment and quality. Among these organs, appear universities, NGOs, INPI, Embrapa, MAP, Emater, IMA and SEBRAE.
Regarding the development of the use regulation, the results showed that the tradition of the production region was decisive in setting the standards. The older regulations for the use of GIs were references for the construction of new regulations. The boundaries of the area of GIs were based mainly on natural and human factors and quality of products. Some elements such as unavailability of previous studies of natural factors such as climate, soil and topography, were identified as the greatest difficulty in defining the area.
For the researcher Maria Emilia Rodrigues Valente, the research results can provide guidance for entities to perform strategies for the development of GIs Brazilian. "They help to draw up action plans to the extent that identify partner organizations, strategies used in each of the steps and obstacles that difficult the process of registration of GIs in Brazil," she stresses.
The research breaks new ground by being the pioneer in the study of the process of recognition of GIs in Brazil, from the point of view of the entities. There are no other studies of the same kind in the area.