SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

BORGES, M.C.; FERRAZ, E.; TERRA-FILHO, J.  and  VIANNA, E.O.. Protective effect of bronchial challenge with hypertonic saline on nocturnal asthma. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.3, pp. 209-214. ISSN 1414-431X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2008000300006.

    1. Schoeffel RE, Anderson SD, Altounyan RE. Bronchial hyperreactivity in response to inhalation of ultrasonically nebulised solutions of distilled water and saline. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 283: 1285-1287. [ Links ]

    2. Smith CM, Anderson SD. Inhalation provocation tests using nonisotonic aerosols. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1989; 84: 781-790. [ Links ]

    3. Anderson SD, Brannan JD. Methods for "indirect" challenge tests including exercise, eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea, and hypertonic aerosols. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2003; 24: 27-54. [ Links ]

    4. Riedler J, Gamper A, Eder W, Oberfeld G. Prevalence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to 4.5% saline and its relation to asthma and allergy symptoms in Austrian children. Eur Respir J 1998; 11: 355-360. [ Links ]

    5. Belcher NG, Rees PJ, Clark TJ, Lee TH. A comparison of the refractory periods induced by hypertonic airway challenge and exercise in bronchial asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1987; 135: 822-825. [ Links ]

    6. Beach JR, Stenton SC, Connolly MJ, Walters EH, Hendrick DJ. Effects of diurnal variation and prolonged refractoriness on repeated measurements of airways responsiveness to methacholine. Thorax 1995; 50: 235-239. [ Links ]

    7. Schmidt D, Jorres RA, Rabe KF, Magnussen H. Tachyphylaxis of airway response to inhaled bradykinin over several days. Pneumologie 1996; 50: 779-782. [ Links ]

    8. Beckett WS, Marenberg ME, Pace PE. Repeated methacholine challenge produces tolerance in normal but not in asthmatic subjects. Chest 1992; 102: 775-779. [ Links ]

    9. Strban M, Manning PJ, Watson RM, O'Byrne PM. Effect of magnitude of airway responsiveness and therapy with inhaled corticosteroid on histamine tachyphylaxis in asthma. Chest 1994; 105: 1434-1438. [ Links ]

    10. Pavord I, Lazarowicz H, Inchley D, Baldwin D, Knox A, Tattersfield A. Cross refractoriness between sodium metabisulphite and exercise induced asthma. Thorax 1994; 49: 245-249. [ Links ]

    11. Rajakulasingam K, Makker HK, Howarth PH, Holgate ST. Cross refractoriness between bradykinin and hypertonic saline challenges in asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1995; 96: 502-509. [ Links ]

    12. Groot C, Lammers JW, Festen J, van Herwaarden C. Refractoriness for ultrasonically nebulized distilled water and histamine after histamine challenge. J Appl Physiol 1991; 70: 1011-1015. [ Links ]

    13. Martin RJ, Cicutto LC, Ballard RD. Factors related to the nocturnal worsening of asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1990; 141: 33-38. [ Links ]

    14. Ferraz E, Borges MC, Terra-Filho J, Martinez JA, Vianna EO. Comparison of 4 AM and 4 PM bronchial responsiveness to hypertonic saline in asthma. Lung 2006; 184: 341-346. [ Links ]

    15. Kraft M, Djukanovic R, Wilson S, Holgate ST, Martin RJ. Alveolar tissue inflammation in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154: 1505-1510. [ Links ]

    16. Sutherland ER. Nocturnal asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2005; 116: 1179-1186. [ Links ]

    17. Beam WR, Weiner DE, Martin RJ. Timing of prednisone and alterations of airways inflammation in nocturnal asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992; 146: 1524-1530. [ Links ]

    18. Reinberg A, Gervais P, Chaussade M, Fraboulet G, Duburque B. Circadian changes in effectiveness of corticosteroids in eight patients with allergic asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1983; 71: 425-433. [ Links ]

    19. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Global initiative for asthma. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Bethesda: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute; 2002. [ Links ]

    20. Riedler J, Robertson CF. Effect of tidal volume on the output and particle size distribution of hypertonic saline from an ultrasonic nebulizer. Eur Respir J 1994; 7: 998-1002. [ Links ]

    21. O'Hickey SP, Rees PJ, Lee TH. Airway responsiveness to adenosine 5' monophosphate following inhalation of hypertonic saline. Eur Respir J 1989; 2: 923-928. [ Links ]

    22. Vianna EO. Mechanisms and therapeutic implications of asthma circadian rhythm. Curr Respir Med Rev 2005; 1: 171-183. [ Links ]

    23. Beckett WS, McDonnell WF III, Wong ND. Tolerance to methacholine inhalation challenge in nonasthmatic subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 137: 1499-1501. [ Links ]

    24. Joos GF, O'Connor B, Anderson SD, Chung F, Cockcroft DW, Dahlen B, et al. Indirect airway challenges. Eur Respir J 2003; 21: 1050-1068. [ Links ]

    25. Belcher NG, Murdoch R, Dalton N, Clark TJ, Rees PJ, Lee TH. Circulating concentrations of histamine, neutrophil chemotactic activity, and catecholamines during the refractory period in exercise-induced asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1988; 81: 100-110. [ Links ]

    26. Hahn AG, Nogrady SG, Tumilty DM, Lawrence SR, Morton AR. Histamine reactivity during the refractory period after exercise induced asthma. Thorax 1984; 39: 919-923. [ Links ]

    27. Hawksworth RJ, O'Hickey SP, Lee TH. The effects of indomethacin on the refractory period to hypertonic saline-induced bronchoconstriction. Eur Respir J 1992; 5: 963-966. [ Links ]

    28. O'Byrne PM, Jones GL. The effect of indomethacin on exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and refractoriness after exercise. Am Rev Respir Dis 1986; 134: 69-72. [ Links ]

    29. Gauvreau GM, Watson RM, O'Byrne PM. Protective effects of inhaled PGE2 on allergen-induced airway responses and airway inflammation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999; 159: 31-36. [ Links ]

    30. Eng PA, Morton J, Douglass JA, Riedler J, Wilson J, Robertson CF. Short-term efficacy of ultrasonically nebulized hypertonic saline in cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol 1996; 21: 77-83. [ Links ]

    31. Garavello W, Romagnoli M, Sordo L, Gaini RM, Di Berardino C, Angrisano A. Hypersaline nasal irrigation in children with symptomatic seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomized study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2003; 14: 140-143. [ Links ]

    32. Hedman J, Hugg T, Sandell J, Haahtela T. The effect of salt chamber treatment on bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthmatics. Allergy 2006; 61: 605-610. [ Links ]

    33. McKenzie DC, McLuckie SL, Stirling DR. The protective effects of continuous and interval exercise in athletes with exercise-induced asthma. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1994; 26: 951-956.


    [ Links ]