SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

FREITAS, Nicácio de Oliveira et al. Soil biochemistry and microbial activity in vineyards under conventional and organic management at Northeast Brazil. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2011, vol.68, n.2, pp.223-229. ISSN 1678-992X.

    Aguín, O.; Mansilla, J.P.; Vilariño, A.; Sainz, M.J. 2004. Effects of mycorrhizal inoculation on root morphology and nursery production of three grapevine rootstocks. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 55: 108-111. [ Links ]

    Anaya, A.L. 1999. Allelopathy as tool in the management of biotic resources in agroecosystems. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 18: 697-739. [ Links ]

    Bengtsson, J.; Ahnström, J.; Weibul, A.N. 2005. The effects organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 261-269. [ Links ]

    Bettiol, W.; Ghini, R.; Galvão, A.H.G.; Ligo, M.A.V.; Mineiro, J.L.C. 2002. Soil organisms in organic and conventional cropping systems. Scientia Agricola 59: 565-572. [ Links ]

    Bradford, M.M. 1976. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry 72: 248-254. [ Links ]

    Brundrett, M.C; Piché, Y.; Peterson, R.L. 1984. A new method for observing the morphology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 2128-2134. [ Links ]

    Cheng, X.; Baumgartner, K. 2004. Survey of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in northern California vineyards and mycorrhizal colonization potencial of grapevine nursery stock. Hortscience 39: 1702-1706. [ Links ]

    Cochran, W.G. 1950. Estimation of bacterial densities by means of the most problable number. Biometrics 6: 105-116. [ Links ]

    Debosz, K.; Petersen, S.O.; Kure, L.K.; Ambus, P. 2002. Evaluating effects of sewage sludge and household compost on soil physical, chemical and microbiological properties. Applied Soil Ecology 19: 237-248. [ Links ]

    De-Polli, H.; Guerra, J.G.M. 1997. Determination of C of the Soil Microbial Biomass: Method of Fumigation-Extraction. Embrapa-CNPAB, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil. (in Portuguese). [ Links ]

    Dilly, O.; Munch, J.C. 1998. Ratios between estimates of microbial biomass content and microbial activity in soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils 27: 374-379. [ Links ]

    Douds Jr., D.D.; Galvez, L.; Franke-Snyder, M.; Reider, C.; Drinkwater, L.E. 1997. Effect of compost addition and crop rotation point upon VAM fungi. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 65: 257-266. [ Links ]

    Douds Jr., D.D.; Millner, P.D. 1999. Biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 74: 77-93. [ Links ]

    Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária [EMBRAPA]. 2006. Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos. 2ed. Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos. Brasília, DF, Brazil. (in Portuguese). [ Links ]

    Feldmann, F; Idczak, E. 1994. Inoculum production of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for use in tropical nurseries. p. 799-817. In: Norris, J.R.; Read, D.; Varma, A.K., eds. Techniques for Mycorrhizal Research. Academic Press, London, UK. [ Links ]

    Fernandes, S.A.P.; Bettiol, W.; Cerri, C.C. 2005. Effects of sewage sludge on microbial biomass, basal respiration, metabolic quotient and soil enzymatic activity. Applied Soil Ecology 30: 65-77. [ Links ]

    Garcia, C.; Hernandez, T.; Roldan, A.; Martin, A. 2002. Effect of plant cover decline on chemical and microbiological parameters under mediterranean climate. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34: 635-642. [ Links ]

    Garcia, C.; Roldan, A.; Hernandez, T. 2005. Ability of different plant species to promote microbiological process in semiarid soil. Geoderma 124: 193-202. [ Links ]

    Grisi, B.M. 1978. The chemical method of the measurement of soil respiration. Ciência e Cultura 30: 82-88 (in Portuguese, with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Gerdemann, J.W.; Nicolson, T.H. 1963. Spores of mycorrhizal Endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 46: 235-244. [ Links ]

    Giovanetti, M.; Mosse, B. 1980. An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytology 84: 489-500. [ Links ]

    Haynes, R.J. 1999. Size and activity of the soil microbial biomass under grass and arable management. Biology and Fertility of Soils 30: 210-216. [ Links ]

    Jeffries, P.; Gianinazzi, S.; Perotto, S.; Turnau, K.; Barea, J.M. 2003. The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility. Biology and Fertility of Soils 37: 1-16. [ Links ]

    Jenkins, W.R. 1964. A rapid centrifugal-flotation technique for separating nematodes from soil. Plant Disease Report 48: 692. [ Links ]

    Karagiannidis, N.; Velemis, D.; Stavropoulos, N. 1997. Root colonization and spore population by VA-mycorrhizal fungi in four grapevines rootstocks. Vitis 36: 57-60. [ Links ]

    Lovelock, C.E.; Wright, S.F.; Nichols, K.A. 2004a. Using glomalin as an indicator for arbuscular mycorrhizal hyphae growth: an example from a tropical rain forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 36: 1009-1012. [ Links ]

    Lovelock, C.E.; Wright, S.F.; Clarck, D.A.; Ruess, R.W. 2004b. Soil stocks of glomalin produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi across a tropical rain forest landscape. Journal of Ecology 92: 278-287. [ Links ]

    Mäder, P.; Edenhofer, S.; Boller, T.; Wiemken, A.; Niggli, U. 2000. Arbuscular mycorrhizae in a lon-term field trial comparing low-input (organic, biological) and highinput (conventional) farming systems in a crop rotation. Biology and Fertility of Soils 31: 150-156. [ Links ]

    Maia, L.C.; Trufem, S.F.B. 1990. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in cultivated soils in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 13: 89-95 (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Marshall, V.G. 2000. Impacts of forest harvesting on biological processes in northern forest soils. Forest Ecology and Management 133: 43-60. [ Links ]

    Matsuoka, M.; Saggin Jr., O.J.; Loureiro, M.F. 2002 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in grape production in systems Primavera do Leste, Region Mato Grosso State-Brazil. Revista Agricultura Tropical 6: 113-134 (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Miyauchi, M.Y.H.; Lima, D.S.; Nogueira, M.A.; Lovato, G.M.; Murate, L.S.; Cruz, M.F.; Ferreira, J.M.; Zangaro, W.; Andrade, G. 2008. Interactions between diazotrophic bacteria and mycorrhizal fungus in maize genotypes. Scientia Agricola 65: 525-531. [ Links ]

    Mohammad, M.J.; Hamad, S.R.; Malkawit, H.I. 2003. Populations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in semi-arid environment of Jordan as influenced by biotic and abiotic factors. Journal of Arid Environments 53: 409-417. [ Links ]

    Monokrousos, N.; Papatheodorou, E.M.; Diamantopoulos, J.D.; Stamou, G.P. 2006. Soil quality variables in organically and conventionally cultivated field sites. Biology and Fertility of Soils 38: 1282-1289. [ Links ]

    Monokrousos, N.; Papatheodorou, E.M.; Stamou, G.P. 2008. The response of soil biochemical variables to organic and conventional cultivation of Asparagus sp. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40: 198-206. [ Links ]

    Nannipieri, P.; Ascher, J.; Ceccherini, M.T.; Landi, L.; Pietramellara, G.; Renella, G. 2003. Microbial diversity and soil functions. European Journal of Soil Science 54: 655-670. [ Links ]

    Noyd, R.K.; Pfleger, F.L.; Norland, M.R. 1996. Field responses to added organic matter, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and fertilizer in reclamation of taconite iron one tailing. Plant and Soil 179: 89-97. [ Links ]

    Oehl, F.; Sieverding, E.; Mäder, P.; Dubois, D.; Ineichen, K.; Boller, T.; Wiemken, A. 2004. Impact of long-term conventional and organic farming on the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Oecologia 138: 574-583. [ Links ]

    Pascual, J.A.; García, C.; Hernández, T. 1999. Comparison of fresh and composted organic waste in their efficacy for the improvement of arid soil quality. Bioresource Technology 68: 255-264. [ Links ]

    Pereira, J.R.; Faria, C.M.B.; Silva, D.J.; Soares, J.M. 2000. Nutrition and fertilizing of vineyards. p. 213-257. In: Leão, P.C.S.; Soares, J.M., eds. The viticulture in the Brazilian Semi-Arid: Petrolina, PE, Brazil. (in Portuguese). [ Links ]

    Pereira, S.V.; Martinez, C.R.; Porto, E.R.; Oliveira, B.R.B.; Maia, L.C. 2004. Microbial activity in a semiarid soil cultivated with Atriplex nummularia. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 39: 757-762 (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Purin, S.; Klauberg-Filho, O.; Sturmer, S.L. 2006. Mycorrhizae activity and diversity in conventional and organic and apple orchards from Brazil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 1831-1839. [ Links ]

    Rillig, M.C.; Wright, S.F.; Nichols, K.A.; Schmidt, W.F.; Torn, M.S. 2001. Large contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to soil carbon pools in tropical forest soils. Plant and Soil 233: 167-177. [ Links ]

    Ryan, M.H.; Small, D.R.; Ash, J.E. 2000. Phosphorus controls the level of colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in conventional and biodynamic irrigated dairy pastures. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 40: 663-670. [ Links ]

    Ryan, M.H.; Graham, J.H. 2002. Is there a role for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in production agriculture? Plant and Soil 244: 263-271. [ Links ]

    Sampaio, D.B.; Araújo, A.S.F.; Santos, V.B. 2008. Evaluation of biological indicators of soil quality under conventional and organic fruit farming system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 32: 353-359. (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Sattelmacher, B.; Reinhard, S.; Pomikako, A. 1991. Differences in mycorrhizal colonization of rye (Secale cereale L.) grown in conventional or organic (biological-dynamic) farming systems. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Sciences 167: 350-355. [ Links ]

    Sarangi, P.K.; Mahakur, D.; Mishra, P. 2001. Soil biochemical activity and growth response of rice Oryza sativa in flyash amended soil. Bioresource Technology 76: 199-205. [ Links ]

    Schenck, N.C.; Pérez, Y. 1990. Manual for the identification of VA mycorrhizal fungi.: Gainesville, FL, USA. (Synergistic Publications). [ Links ]

    Schreiner, R.P. 2003. Mycorrhizal colonization of grapevine rootstocks under field conditions. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 54: 143-148. [ Links ]

    Silva, P.C.G.; Correia, R.C. 2000. Social and economic characterization of the vineyard. p.1. In: Leão, P.C.S., Soares, J.M., eds. The viticulture at the Brazilian Semi-Arid. Embrapa Semi-Árido: Petrolina, PE, Brazil. (in Portuguese). [ Links ]

    Souza, R.G.; Maia, L.C.; Sales, M.F.; Trufem, S.F.B. 2003. Diversity and infectivity potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in na area of "caatinga" in the Xingó Region, State of Alagoas, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 26: 49-69. (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]

    Srivastava, R.; Roseti, D.; Sharma, A.K. 2007. The evaluation of microbial diversity in a vegetable based cropping system under organic farming practices. Applied Soil Ecology 36: 116-123. [ Links ]

    Survey Staff. 1999. Soil Taxonomy: A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. 2.ed. USDA-NRCS, Washington, DC, USA. (Agriculture Handbook, 436.(in Portuguese). [ Links ]

    Stutz, J.C.; Morton, J.B. 1996. Successive pot cultures reveal high species richness of arbuscular endomycorrhizal fungi in arid ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 1883-1889. [ Links ]

    Swisher, R.; Carroll, G.C. 1980. Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis as an estimator of microbial biomass on coniferous needle surfaces. Microbial Ecology 6: 217-226. [ Links ]

    Taylor, J.P.; Wilson, B.; Mills, M.S.; Burns, R.G. 2002. Comparison of microbial members and enzymatic activities in surface soils and subsoils using various techniques. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34: 387-401. [ Links ]

    Truu, M.; Truu, J.; Ivask, M. 2008. Soil microbiological and biochemical properties for assessing the effect of agricultural management practices in Estonian cultived soils. European Journal of Soil Biology 44: 231-237. [ Links ]

    Wardle, D.A.; Ghani, A. 1995. A critique of the microbial metabolic (qCO2) as a bioindicator of disturbance and ecosystem development. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27: 1601-1610. [ Links ]

    Wright, S.F.; Upadhaya, A. 1998. A survey of soils for aggregate stability and glomalin, a glycoprotein produced by hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil 198: 97-107. [ Links ]

    Yano-Melo, A.M.; Maia, L.C.; Morgado, L.B. 1997. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with roots of banana cultivated in the Submédio São Francisco Valley. Acta Botanica Brasilica 11: 115-121. (in Portuguese with abstract in English). [ Links ]