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Article References

PEREIRA, João Márcio Mendes. Banco Mundial: concepção, criação e primeiros anos (1942-60). Varia hist. [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.47, pp. 391-419. ISSN 0104-8775.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-87752012000100018.

    * O presente artigo sintetiza aspectos extensamente discutidos em PEREIRA, João Márcio Mendes. O Banco Mundial como ator político, intelectual e financeiro (1944-2008). Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2010. [ Links ]


    1 GEORGE, Susan e SABELLI, Fabrizio. La religión del crédito: el Banco Mundial y su imperio secular. 2.ed. Barcelona: Intermón, 1996, p.32; [ Links ]

    SAXE-FERNÁNDEZ, John e DELGADO-RAMOS, Gian Carlo. Imperialismo y Banco Mundial. Madri: Editorial Popular, 2004, p.15. [ Links ]


    2 EICHENGREEN, Barry. A globalização do capital: uma história do sistema monetário internacional. São Paulo: Editora 34, 2000, p.127; [ Links ]

    GWIN, Catherine. U.S. relations with the World Bank, 1945-1992. In: KAPUR, Devesh et al. (eds.). The World Bank: its first half century. Perspectives. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1997, v.2, p.196. [ Links ]


    3 RUGGIE, John. International regimes, transactions, and change: embedded liberalism in the postwar economic order. International Organization, n.36, p.379-415, 1982. [ Links ]


    4 HELLEINER, Eric. States and the reemergence of global finance: from Bretton Woods to the 1990s. Ithaca/Londres: Cornell University Press, 1994, p.49-50. [ Links ]


    5 PAULY, Louis. Who elected the bankers? Surveillance and control in the world economy. Ithaca/Londres: Cornell University Press, 1997, p.82; [ Links ]

    LICHTENSZTEJN, Samuel e BAER, Mônica. Fundo Monetário Internacional e Banco Mundial: estratégias e políticas do poder financeiro. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1987, p.27-34; [ Links ]

    EICHENGREEN, Barry, A globalização do capital, p.138. [ Links ]


    6 BLOCK, Fred. Los orígenes del desorden económico internacional. México DF: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1989, p.82; [ Links ]

    AGLIETTA, Michel e MOATTI, Sandra. El FMI: del orden monetario a los desórdenes financieros. Madri: AKAL Ediciones, 2002, p.17-19; [ Links ]

    SANAHUJA, José. Altruismo, mercado y poder: el Banco Mundial y la lucha contra la pobreza. Barcelona: Intermón Oxfam, 2001, p.48-50. [ Links ]


    7 LICHTENSZTEJN, Samuel e BAER, Mônica. Fundo Monetário Internacional e Banco Mundial, p.28-34; [ Links ]

    AGLIETTA, Michel e MOATTI, Sandra. El FMI, p.13-30; [ Links ]

    PEET, Richard et al. La maldita trinidad: el Fondo Monetario Internacional, el Banco Mundial y la Organización Mundial de Comercio. Pamplona: Laetoli, 2004, p.58. [ Links ]


    9 GARDNER, Richard. La diplomacia del dólar y la esterlina. Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg/Círculo de Lectores, 1994, p.168; [ Links ]

    KAPUR, Devesh et al. The World Bank: its first half century. History. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1997, v.1, p.57. [ Links ]


    11 GARDNER, Richard. La diplomacia del dólar y la esterlina, p.169-171; [ Links ]

    TOUSSAINT, Eric. Banco Mundial: el golpe de Estado permanente. Madri: El Viejo Topo, 2006, p.29-30. [ Links ]


    13 Apud MASON, Edward e ASHER, Robert. The World Bank since Bretton Woods. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution, 1973, p.13. [ Links ]


    14 HOBSBAWM, Eric. Era dos extremos: o breve século XX - 1914-1991. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1995; [ Links ]

    GOWAN, Peter. A roleta global: uma aposta faustiana de Washington para a dominação do mundo. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2003; [ Links ]

    TABB, William. Economic governance in the age of globalization. Nova Iorque: Columbia University Press, 2004; [ Links ]

    WOODS, Ngaire. The globalizers: the IMF, the World Bank and their borrowers. Ithaca/Londres: Cornell University Press, 2006. [ Links ]


    16 MAGDOFF, Harry. A era do imperialismo: a economia da política externa dos Estados Unidos. São Paulo: Hucitec, 1978; [ Links ]


    23 VAN DORMAEL, Armand. Bretton Woods: birth of a monetary system. Londres: MacMillan, p.274-286; [ Links ]


    31 BLOCK, Fred. Los orígenes del desorden económico internacional, p.119-120. [ Links ]


    33 BANDEIRA, Luiz Alberto Moniz. Formação do império americano: da guerra contra a Espanha à guerra no Iraque. 2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2006, p.145-147. [ Links ]


    43 MASON, Edward e ASHER, Robert. The World Bank since Bretton Woods, p.50-51; KAPUR, Devesh et al. The World Bank, p.76-79; [ Links ]


    53 RICH, Bruce. Mortgaging the Earth: the World Bank, environmental impoverishment, and the crisis of development. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994, [ Links ]


    54 BIRD. Second annual report. Washington DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1947, p.17. [ Links ]


    58 BROWN, Bartram S. The United States and the politicization of the World Bank. Londres/Nova Iorque: Kegan Paul International, 1992, p.129. [ Links ]


    61 BIRD, Third Annual Report. Washington DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1948, p.22. [ Links ]


    62 Sobre a ação do BIRD no Chile nos anos seguintes, em articulação com o FMI e o Departamento de Estado norte-americano, ver KOFAS, Jon. The sword of Damocles: U.S. financial hegemony in Colombia and Chile, 1950-1970. Westport: Praeger, 2002. [ Links ]


    64 BIRD, Kai. The Chairman: John McCloy - The making of the American establishment. Nova Iorque: Simon & Schuster, 1992. [ Links ]


    66 STERN, Nicholas e FERREIRA, Francisco. The World Bank as 'intellectual actor'. In: KAPUR, Devesh et al. The World Bank, Perspectives, v.2, p.533. [ Links ]


    73 GOLDMAN, Michael. Imperial nature: the World Bank and struggles for social justice in the age of globalization. New Haven/Londres: Yale University Press, 2005, p.31; [ Links ]


    75 GAVIN, Michael e RODRIK, Dani. The World Bank in historical perspective. American Economic Review, v.85, n.2, p.331-332, 1995. [ Links ]


    91 HAYTER, Teresa. Aid as imperialism. Baltimore: Penguin, 1971, p.107-119; [ Links ]

    MASON, Edward e ASHER, Robert. The World Bank since Bretton Woods, p.299-302. [ Links ]


    92 POLACK, Jacques. The World Bank and the IMF: a changing relationship. In: KAPUR, Devesh et al. The World Bank. Perspectives, v.2, p.477. [ Links ]


    111 O conceito de "poder infra-estrutural" do Estado designa o poder que desenha os contextos em que os agentes atuam e tomam decisões, bem como a gama de possibilidades abertas a eles. A discussão remete à obra de MANN, Michael. The autonomous power of the state: its origins, mechanisms, and results. Archives Européennes de Sociologie, n.25, p.185-213, 1984. Em um sentido próximo (poder "estrutural"), consulte-se também STRANGE, Susan. The persistent myth of lost hegemony. International Organization, v.41, n.4, p.551-574, 1987. [ Links ]


    112 LANCASTER, Carol. Foreign Aid: diplomacy, development, domestic politics. Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press, 2007. [ Links ]