SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Referências do Artigo

PONTE, Eduardo Vieira; RIZZO, José Ângelo  e  CRUZ, Álvaro Augusto. Inter-relação entre asma, atopia e infecções helmínticas. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2007, vol.33, n.3, pp. 335-342. ISSN 1806-3713.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132007000300016.

    1. Aberg N, Hesselmar B, Aberg B, Eriksson B. Increase of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Swedish schoolchildren between 1979 and 1991. Clin Exp Allergy. 1995;25(9):815-9. [ Links ]

    2. Von Mutius E, Weiland SK, Fritzsch C, Duhme H, Keil U. Increasing prevalence of hay fever and atopy among children in Leipzig, East Germany. Lancet. 1998;351(9106):862-6. [ Links ]

    3. Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee. Lancet. 1998;351(9111):1225-32. [ Links ]

    4. Busse WW, Lemanske RF Jr. Asthma. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(5):350-62. [ Links ]

    5. Kay AB. Allergy and allergic diseases. First of two parts. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(1):30-7. [ Links ]

    6. Malaquias LC, Falcao PL, Silveira AM, Gazzinelli G, Prata A, Coffman RL, et al. Cytokine regulation of human immune response to Schistosoma mansoni: analysis of the role of IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10 on peripheral blood mononuclear cell responses. Scand J Immunol. 1997;46(4):393-8. [ Links ]

    7. Araujo MI, Hoppe B, Medeiros M Jr, Alcantara L, Almeida MC, Schriefer A, et al. Impaired T helper 2 response to aeroallergen in helminth-infected patients with asthma. J Infect Dis 2004;190(10):1797-803. [ Links ]

    8. van den Biggelaar AH, van Ree R, Rodrigues LC, Lell B, Deelder AM, Kremsner P, et al. Decreased Atopy in Children infected with Schistosoma haematobium: a role for parasite induced interleukin 10. Lancet. 2000;356(9243):1723-7. [ Links ]

    9. Doetze A, Sotoquina J, Burchard G, Rau T, Löliger C, Fleischer B, et al. Antigen-specific cellular hyporesponsiveness in a chronic human helminth infection is mediated by T(h)3/T(r)1-type cytokines IL-10 and transforming growth factor-beta but not by a T(h)1 to T(h)2 shift. Int Immunol. 2000;12(5):623-30. [ Links ]

    10. Klion AD, Nutman TB. The role of eosinophils in host defense against helminth parasites. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004;113(1):30-7. [ Links ]

    11. Cooper PJ, Chico ME, Sandoval C, Espinel I, Guevara A, Kennedy MW, et al. Human infection with Ascaris lumbricoides is associated with a polarized cytokine response. J Infect Dis. 2000;182(4):1207-13. [ Links ]

    12. Geiger SM, Massara CL, Bethony J, Soboslay PT, Carvalho OS, Correa - Oliveira R. Cellular Responses and cytokine profiles in Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infected patients. Parasite Immunol. 2002;24(11-12):499-509. [ Links ]

    13. Ponte EV, Lima F, Araújo MI, Oliveira RR, Cardoso LS, Cruz AA. Skin test reactivity and Der p-induced interleukin 10 production in patients with asthma or rhinitis infected with Ascaris. Ann Asthma Allergy Immunol. 2006;96(5):713-8. [ Links ]

    14. Takanashi S, Hasegawa Y, Kanehira Y, Yamamoto K, Fujimoto K, Satoh K, et al. Interleukin-10 level in sputum is reduced in bronchial asthma, COPD and in smokers. Eur Respir J. 1999;14(2):309-14. [ Links ]

    15. van der Velden VH, Laan MP, Baert MR, de Waal Malefyt R, Neijens HJ, Savelkoul HF.. Selective development of a strong Th2 cytokine profile in high-risk children who develop atopy: risk factors and regulatory role of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-10. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001;31(7):997-1006. [ Links ]

    16. Lim S, Crawley E, Woo P, Barnes PJ. Haplotype associated with low interleukin-10 production in patients with severe asthma. Lancet. 1998;352(9122):113. [ Links ]

    17. Prescott SL, Macaubas C, Smallacombe T, Holt BJ, Sly PD, Holt PG. Development of Allergen-specific T-cell memory in atopic and normal children. Lancet. 1999;353(9148):196-200. [ Links ]

    18. Strachan DP. Hay fever, hygiene and household size. BMJ. 1989;299(6710):1259-60. [ Links ]

    19. Shaheen SO, Aaby P, Hall AJ, Barker DJ, Heyes CB, Shiell AW, et al. Measles and atopy in Guinea-Bissau. Lancet. 1996;347(9018):1792-6. [ Links ]

    20. Shirakawa T, Enomoto T, Shimazu S, Hopkin JM. The inverse association between tuberculin responses and atopic disorder. Science. 1997;275(5296):77-9. [ Links ]

    21. Matricardi PM, Rosmini F, Ferrigno L, Nisini R, Rapicetta M, Chionne P, et al. Cross sectional retrospective study of prevalence of atopy among Italian military students with antibodies against hepatitis A virus. BMJ. 1997;314(7086):999-1003. [ Links ]

    22. Ball TM, Castro-Rodriguez JA, Griffith KA, Holberg CJ, Martinez FD, Wright AL. Siblings, day-care attendance, and the risk of asthma and wheezing during childhood. N Engl J Med. 2000;343(8):538-43. [ Links ]

    23. Araujo MI, Lopes AA, Medeiros M, Cruz AA, Souza-Atta L, Sole D, et al. Inverse association between skin response to aeroallergens and Schistosoma mansoni infection.. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2000;123(2):145-8. [ Links ]

    24. Cooper PJ, Chico ME, Rodrigues LC, Ordonez M, Strachan D, Griffin GE, et al. Reduced risk of atopy among school-age children infected with geohelminth parasites in a rural area of the tropics. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003;111(5):995-1000. [ Links ]

    25. Medeiros M, Figueiredo JP, Almeida MC, Matos MA, Araújo MI, Cruz AA, et al. Schistosoma mansoni infection is associated with a reduced course of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003;111(5):947-51. [ Links ]

    26. Dagoye D, Bekele Z, Woldemichael K, Nida H, Yimam M, Hall A, et al. Wheezing, allergy, and parasite infection in children in urban and rural Ethiopia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003;167(10):1369-73. [ Links ]

    27. van den Biggelaar AH, Rodrigues LC, van Ree R, van der Zee JS, Hoeksma-Kruize YC, Souverijn JH, et al. Long-term treatment of intestinal helminths increases mite skin-test reactivity in Gabonese schoolchildren. J Infect Dis. 2004;189(5):892-900. [ Links ]

    28. Dold S, Heinrich J, Wichmann HE, Wjst M. Ascaris-specific IgE and allergic sensitization in a cohort of school children in the former East Germany. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998;102(3):414-20. [ Links ]

    29. Palmer LJ, Celedón JC, Weiss ST, Wang B, Fang Z, Xu X. Ascaris lumbricoides infection is associated with increased risk of childhood asthma and atopy in rural China. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;165(11):1489-93. [ Links ]

    30. Lynch NR, Palenque M, Hagel I, DiPrisco MC. Clinical improvement of asthma after anthelminthic treatment in a tropical situation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;156(1):50-4. [ Links ]

    31. Davey G, Venn A, Belete H, Berhane Y, Britton J. Wheeze, allergic sensitization and geohelminth infection in Butajira, Ethiopia. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005;35(3):301-7 [ Links ]

    32. Cooper PJ, Chico ME, Vaca MG, Moncayo AL, Bland JM, Mafla E, et al. Effect of albendazole treatments on the prevalence of atopy in children living in communities endemic for geohelminth parasites: a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2006;367(9522):1598-603. [ Links ]

    33. Scrivener S, Yemaneberhan H, Zebenigus M, Tilahun D, Girma S, Ali S, et al. Independent effects of intestinal parasite infection and domestic allergen exposure on risk of wheeze in Ethiopia: a nested case-control study. Lancet. 2001;358(9292):1493-9 [ Links ]

    34. Matricardi PM, Bonini S. High microbial turnover rate preventing atopy: a solution to inconsistencies impinging on the Hygiene hypothesis? Clin Exp Allergy. 2000;30(11);1506-10. [ Links ]

    35. John M, Lim S, Seybold J, Jose P, Robichaud A, O´Connor B, et al. Inhaled corticosteroids increase interleukin-10 but reduce macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and interferon-gamma release from alveolar macrophages in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;157(1):256-62. [ Links ]

    36. Cho SH, Stanciu LA, Holgate ST, Johnston SL. Increased interleukin-4, interleukin-5, and interferon-gamma in airway CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in atopic asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;171(3):224-30. [ Links ]

    37. Hesse M, Bayrak S, Mitchison A. Protective major histocompatibility complex genes and the role of interleukin-4 in collagen-induced arthritis. Eur J Immunol. 1996;26(12):3234-7. [ Links ]

    38. Wakelkamp IM, Gerding MN, Van Der Meer JW, Prummel MF, Wiersinga WM. Both Th1- and Th2-derived cytokines in serum are elevated in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Clin Exp Immunol. 2000;121(3):453-7. [ Links ]

    39. Groux H, O´Garra A, Bigler M, Rouleau M, Antonenko S, de Vries JE, et al. A CD4+ T-cell subset inhibits antigen-specific T-cell responses and prevents colitis. Nature. 1997;389(6652):737-42. [ Links ]

    40. Asano M, Toda M, Sakaguchi N, Sakaguchi S. Autoimmune disease as a consequence of developmental abnormality of a T cell subpopulation. J Exp Med. 1996;184(2):387-96. [ Links ]

    41. Francis JN, Till SJ, Durham SR. Induction of IL-10+CD4+CD25+ T cells by grass pollen immunotherapy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003;111(6):1255-61. [ Links ]

    42. Hawrylowicz CM. Regulatory T cells and IL-10 in allergic inflammation. J Exp Med. 2005;202(11):1459-63. [ Links ]

    43. Bellinghausen I, Klostermann B, Knop J, Saloga J. Human CD4+CD25+ T cells derived from the majority of atopic donors are able to suppress TH1 and TH2 cytokine production. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003;111(4):862-8. [ Links ]

    44. Satoguina J, Mempel M, Larbi J, Badusche M, Löliger C, Adjei O, et al. Antigen-specific T regulatory-1 cells are associated with immunosuppression in a chronic helminth infection (onchocerciasis). Microbes Infect. 2002;4(13):1291-300. [ Links ]

    45. King CL, Medhat A, Malhotra I, Nafeh M, Helmy A, Khaudary J, et al. Cytokine control of parasite-specific anergy in human urinary schistosomiasis. IL-10 modulates lymphocyte reactivity. J Immunol. 1996;156(12):4715-21. [ Links ]

    46. Mitre E, Norwood S, Nutman TB. Saturation of immunoglobulin E (IgE) binding sites by polyclonal IgE does not explain the protective effect of helminth infections against atopy. Infect Immunol. 2005;73(7):4106-11 [ Links ]

    47. Saini SS, MacGlashan DW, Sterbinsky SA, Togias A, Adelman DC, Lichtenstein LM, et al. Down-regulation of human basophil IgE and FC epsilon RI alpha surface densities and mediator release by anti-IgE-infusions is reversible in vitro and in vivo. J Immunol. 1999;162(9):5624-30. [ Links ]

    48. Qin HY, Sadelain MW, Hitchon C, Lauzon J, Singh B. Complete Freund's adjuvant-induced T cells prevent the development and adoptive transfer of diabetes in nonobese diabetic mice. J Immunol. 1993;150(5):2072- 80. [ Links ]

    49. Berg DJ, Kuhn R, Rajewsky K, Muller W, Menon S, Davidson N, et al. Interleukin-10 is a central regulator of the response to LPS in murine models of endotoxic shock and the Shwartzman reaction but not endotoxin tolerance. J Clin Invest. 1995;96(5):2339-47. [ Links ]

    50. Carvalho EM, Bacellar O, Brownell C, Regis T, Coffman RL, Reed SG. Restoration of IFN-gamma production and lymphocyte proliferation in visceral leishmaniasis. J Immunol. 1994;152(12):5949-56. [ Links ]

    51. Rosati G, Aiello I, Mannu L, Pirastru MI, Agnetti V, Sau G, et al. Incidence of multiple sclerosis in the town of Sassari, Sardinia, 1965 to 1985: evidence for increasing occurrence of the disease. Neurology 1998;38(3):384-8. [ Links ]

    52. Poser S, Stickel B, Krtsch U, Burckhardt D, Nordman B. Increasing incidence of multiple sclerosis in South Lower Saxony, Germany. Neuroepidemiology. 1989;8(4):207-13. [ Links ]

    53. Variation and trends in incidence of childhood diabetes in Europe. EURODIAB ACE Study Group. Lancet. 2000;355(9207):873-6. [ Links ]

    54. Elliott DE, Urban JF Jr, Argo CK, Weinstock JV. Does the failure to acquire helminthic parasites predispose to Crohn's disease? FASEB J. 2000;14(12):1848-55. [ Links ]

    55. Farrokhyar F, Swarbrick ET, Irvine EJ. A critical review of epidemiological studies in inflammatory bowel disease. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2001;36(1):2-15. [ Links ]

    56. McKinney PA, Okasha M, Parslow RC, Law GR, Gurney KA, Williams R, et al. Early social mixing and childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus: a case-control study in Yorkshire, UK. Diabet Med. 2000;17(3):236-42. [ Links ]

    57. Leibowitz U, Antonovsky A, Medalie JM, Smith HA, Halpern L, Alter M. Epidemiological study of multiple sclerosis in Israel. II. Multiple sclerosis and level of sanitation. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1966;29(1):60-8. [ Links ]

    58. Summers RW, Elliott DE, Qadir K, Urban JF Jr, Thompson R, Weinstock JV. Trichuris suis seems to be safe and possibly effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003;98(9):2034-41. [ Links ]

    59. Van Deventer SJ, Elson CO, Fedorak RN. Multiple doses of intravenous interleukin 10 in steroid-refractory Crohn's disease. Crohn's Disease Study Group. Gastroenterology. 1997;113(2):383-9. [ Links ]

    60. Asadullah K, Docke WD, Ebeling M, Friedrich M, Belbe G, Audring H, et al. Interleukin 10 treatment of psoriasis: clinical results of a phase 2 trial. Arch Dermatol. 1999;135(2):187-92. [ Links ]