Floristic and structural analysis of agroforestry floodplain systems of the Juba river, Cametá, Pará

This study analyzed the floristic composition and the structure of traditional agroforestry systems (SAF) in the floodplains of the river Juba, Cametá, Pará. The survey was made on seven plots of 0.25 ha (50 m x 50 m). Each plot was divided into 25 sub-plots of 10 m x 10 m. The species were classified in types of use and levels of commercialization. In seven SAF were surveyed 21060 individuals/ha with CAP e" 10 cm or (average of 3009 individuals/ha), belonging to 27 families, 53 genera and 61 species. Five species (8%) were common to the seven SAF. The most frequent (63 %) use of species was energy (firewood and coal). Most species were commercial (46%). Species commonly found in Brazilian the Amazon floodplains were important in this study: Euterpe oleracea Mart., Theobroma cacao L., Virola surinamensis (Rol.) Warb., Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. and Carapa guianensis Aubl. Euterpe oleracea and Theobroma cacao; together these presented Drmedium of 80 % and IVImedium of 48 %. The average of abundance, basal area and IVI, as well as the percentages of potential and commercial species, indicated great sustainability possibilities if appropriate and rational handling were adopted in these important anthropic ecosystems of the Eastern Amazonian.

Agroforestry systems; Floristic; Structure; Floodplains; Amazonian

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