Forest biomass and wood consumption In the lower course of the Amazon: a case study of rhe Urubueua Island

Biomassa florestal e consumo Madereiro na foz do Amazonas: um caso de estudo na Ilha Urubueua

Akio TSUCHIYA Mario HIRAOKA About the authors

Várzea and terra-firme forests in the lower course of the Amazon were compared in terms of forest structure, wood volume increments and forest biomass. The wood volume of várzea forests was smaller than that of terra-firme forests, particularly when severe human intervention such as the cultivation of açaí palm occurred. The difference was even greater in the forest weight comparison because of the lower wood density of várzea trees. These trees are not directly influenced by water stress during the dry season, while late wood with a high density is formed in the terra-firme trees. The annual forest disappearance area due to firewood for tile factories was estimated to be about 276 ha on the island investigated, which had an area of 36,200 ha. Assuming that the forests are rotatively cultivated every 25 to 30 years, the total deforestation area is 6,870-6,948 ha in 25 years and 8,244~8,337 ha in 30 years. This result means that the balance between forest biomass and utilization is not in crisis, however, this balance might be lost as long as substitutive energy such as electricity is not supplied.

açaí (Euterpe oleracea); Amazon estuary; deforestation; firewood; terra-firme; tile factory; várzea

açaí (Euterpe oleracea); Amazon estuary; deforestation; firewood; terra-firme; tile factory; várzea


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