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A proposed Pleistocene/Holocene lake in the Amazon basin and its significance to Amazonian geology and biogeography

Carl D. Frailey Ernesto Luiz Lavina Alceu Rancy Jonas Pereira de Souza FilhoAbout the authors

Recent studies have described widespread statigraphic units of Late Pleistocene and Holocene age in the western part of the Amazon Basin. The recognition of deltaic sedimentation in the uppermost these units near Rio Branco, Brazil, at a modern elevation of approximately 500 feett leads to the conclusion that this area was situated on the edge of a large Amazonian lake that existed in the recent past when Andean tectonism caused active downwarping of the western edge of the Amazon Basin. The ramifications of this "Lago Anazonas" hypothesis extend into every area of modern Amazonian geology and biology.

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