Performance of Maize ppopulations (Zea mays L.) on uplands under "Cerrado" in the Center-South of Tocantins state, Brazil

Camilo de L. MORELLO Joênes M. PELUZIO Regina M.S. COÊLHO Manoel X. dos SANTOS About the authors

In the state of Tocantins, the crop of maize in the high land under "cerrado" has levels of yield variable, whose average does not exceed 2 t/ha. Events of soil, as acidity, low levels of Ca, Mg, Ρ and Κ and organic matter, concur to decrease the yields. The development of genetics materials improved fetching to contribute in the overcoming of there limitations. As initial ativity in a program of genetic improvement, the present study it evaluated a whole of 160 maize populations, in seasons 1994/95, 1995/96 and 1998/99, in the cities of Pedro Afonso and Gurupi, in terms of grain weight (GW), plant height (PH), ear height (EH) and days for feminine flowering (FF). For GW, the effects of the populations were significant in whole the evaluations, occurring yields between 1,59 t/ha the 7,46 t/ha. Populations IAPAR 51, EGO 17, CMS 08, CMS 50, COMPOSTO TERRAS BAIXAS, TAIÚBA, TAITINGA, CMS 28, CMS 15, and SIKALQ, had been distinguished in Pedro Afonso; and Κ 9201, CMS 39, BR 105, and CMS 03, in Gurupi, with yields above of the 5 t/ha. The differences in the productive and agronomics performances in Pedro Afonso and Gurupi, together with significant effect of the interactions populations χ locals, alert for the conduction of the specifics improvement programs for each local.

Maize; germoplasm; improvement; acid soil

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